lay


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, v. i.
   1. To produce and deposit eggs.
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   2. (Naut.) To take a position; to come or go; as, to lay
      forward; to lay aloft.
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   3. To lay a wager; to bet.
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   To lay about, or To lay about one, to strike vigorously
      in all directions. --J. H. Newman.

   To lay at, to strike or strike at. --Spenser.

   To lay for, to prepare to capture or assault; to lay wait
      for. [Colloq.] --Bp Hall.

   To lay in for, to make overtures for; to engage or secure
      the possession of. [Obs.] "I have laid in for these."
      --Dryden.

   To lay on, to strike; to beat; to attack. --Shak.

   To lay out, to purpose; to plan; as, he lays out to make a
      journey.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, n.
   1. That which lies or is laid or is conceived of as having
      been laid or placed in its position; a row; a stratum; a
      layer; as, a lay of stone or wood. --Addison.
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            A viol should have a lay of wire strings below.
                                                  --Bacon.
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   Note: The lay of a rope is right-handed or left-handed
         according to the hemp or strands are laid up. See
         Lay, v. t., 16. The lay of land is its topographical
         situation, esp. its slope and its surface features.
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   2. A wager. "My fortunes against any lay worth naming."
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   3.
      (a) A job, price, or profit. [Prov. Eng.] --Wright.
      (b) A share of the proceeds or profits of an enterprise;
          as, when a man ships for a whaling voyage, he agrees
          for a certain lay. [U. S.]
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   4. (Textile Manuf.)
      (a) A measure of yarn; a lea. See 1st Lea
      (a) .
      (b) The lathe of a loom. See Lathe, 3.
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   5. A plan; a scheme. [Slang] --Dickens.
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   Lay figure.
      (a) A jointed model of the human body that may be put in
          any attitude; -- used for showing the disposition of
          drapery, etc.
      (b) A mere puppet; one who serves the will of others
          without independent volition.

   Lay race, that part of a lay on which the shuttle travels
      in weaving; -- called also shuttle race.

   the lay of the land, the general situation or state of
      affairs.

   to get the lay of the land, to learn the general situation
      or state of affairs, especially in preparation for action.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:


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   3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for
      separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; --
      called also lay and batten.
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   Blanchard lathe, a lathe for turning irregular forms after
      a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like.

   Drill lathe, or Speed lathe, a small lathe which, from
      its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe.

   Engine lathe, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has
      an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring
      metals, cutting screws, etc.

   Foot lathe, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by
      the foot.

   Geometric lathe. See under Geometric

   Hand lathe, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe
      without an automatic feed for the tool.

   Slide lathe, an engine lathe.

   Throw lathe, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the
      cutting tool is held in the other.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\ (l[=a]), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Laid (l[=a]d); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Laying.] [OE. leggen, AS. lecgan, causative, fr.
   licgan to lie; akin to D. leggen, G. legen, Icel. leggja,
   Goth. lagjan. See Lie to be prostrate.]
   1. To cause to lie down, to be prostrate, or to lie against
      something; to put or set down; to deposit; as, to lay a
      book on the table; to lay a body in the grave; a shower
      lays the dust.
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            A stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the
            den.                                  --Dan. vi. 17.
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            Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. --Milton.
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   2. To place in position; to establish firmly; to arrange with
      regularity; to dispose in ranks or tiers; as, to lay a
      corner stone; to lay bricks in a wall; to lay the covers
      on a table.
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   3. To prepare; to make ready; to contrive; to provide; as, to
      lay a snare, an ambush, or a plan.
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   4. To spread on a surface; as, to lay plaster or paint.
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   5. To cause to be still; to calm; to allay; to suppress; to
      exorcise, as an evil spirit.
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            After a tempest when the winds are laid. --Waller.
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   6. To cause to lie dead or dying.
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            Brave C[ae]neus laid Ortygius on the plain,
            The victor C[ae]neus was by Turnus slain. --Dryden.
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   7. To deposit, as a wager; to stake; to risk.
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            I dare lay mine honor
            He will remain so.                    --Shak.
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   8. To bring forth and deposit; as, to lay eggs.
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   9. To apply; to put.
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            She layeth her hands to the spindle.  --Prov. xxxi.
                                                  19.
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   10. To impose, as a burden, suffering, or punishment; to
       assess, as a tax; as, to lay a tax on land.
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             The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
                                                  --Is. liii. 6.
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   11. To impute; to charge; to allege.
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             God layeth not folly to them.        --Job xxiv.
                                                  12.
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             Lay the fault on us.                 --Shak.
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   12. To impose, as a command or a duty; as, to lay commands on
       one.
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   13. To present or offer; as, to lay an indictment in a
       particular county; to lay a scheme before one.
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   14. (Law) To state; to allege; as, to lay the venue.
       --Bouvier.
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   15. (Mil.) To point; to aim; as, to lay a gun.
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   16. (Rope Making) To put the strands of (a rope, a cable,
       etc.) in their proper places and twist or unite them; as,
       to lay a cable or rope.
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   17. (Print.)
       (a) To place and arrange (pages) for a form upon the
           imposing stone.
       (b) To place (new type) properly in the cases.
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   To lay asleep, to put sleep; to make unobservant or
      careless. --Bacon.

   To lay bare, to make bare; to strip.
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            And laid those proud roofs bare to summer's rain.
                                                  --Byron.

   To lay before, to present to; to submit for consideration;
      as, the papers are laid before Congress.

   To lay by.
       (a) To save.
       (b) To discard.
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                 Let brave spirits . . . not be laid by.
                                                  --Bacon.

   To lay by the heels, to put in the stocks. --Shak.

   To lay down.
       (a) To stake as a wager.
       (b) To yield; to relinquish; to surrender; as, to lay
           down one's life; to lay down one's arms.
       (c) To assert or advance, as a proposition or principle.
           

   To lay forth.
       (a) To extend at length; (reflexively) to exert one's
           self; to expatiate. [Obs.]
       (b) To lay out (as a corpse). [Obs.] --Shak.

   To lay hands on, to seize.

   To lay hands on one's self, or {To lay violent hands on
   one's self}, to injure one's self; specif., to commit
      suicide.

   To lay heads together, to consult.

   To lay hold of, or To lay hold on, to seize; to catch.

   To lay in, to store; to provide.

   To lay it on, to apply without stint. --Shak.

   To lay it on thick, to flatter excessively.

   To lay on, to apply with force; to inflict; as, to lay on
      blows.

   To lay on load, to lay on blows; to strike violently. [Obs.
      or Archaic]

   To lay one's self out, to strive earnestly.
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            No selfish man will be concerned to lay out himself
            for the good of his country.          --Smalridge.
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   To lay one's self open to, to expose one's self to, as to
      an accusation.

   To lay open, to open; to uncover; to expose; to reveal.

   To lay over, to spread over; to cover.

   To lay out.
       (a) To expend. --Macaulay.
       (b) To display; to discover.
       (c) To plan in detail; to arrange; as, to lay out a
           garden.
       (d) To prepare for burial; as, to lay out a corpse.
       (e) To exert; as, to lay out all one's strength.

   To lay siege to.
       (a) To besiege; to encompass with an army.
       (b) To beset pertinaciously.

   To lay the course (Naut.), to sail toward the port intended
      without jibing.

   To lay the land (Naut.), to cause it to disappear below the
      horizon, by sailing away from it.

   To lay to
       (a) To charge upon; to impute.
       (b) To apply with vigor.
       (c) To attack or harass. [Obs.] --Knolles.
       (d) (Naut.) To check the motion of (a vessel) and cause
           it to be stationary.

   To lay to heart, to feel deeply; to consider earnestly.

   To lay under, to subject to; as, to lay under obligation or
      restraint.

   To lay unto.
       (a) Same as To lay to (above).
       (b) To put before. --Hos. xi. 4.

   To lay up.
       (a) To store; to reposit for future use.
       (b) To confine; to disable.
       (c) To dismantle, and retire from active service, as a
           ship.

   To lay wait for, to lie in ambush for.

   To lay waste, to destroy; to make desolate; as, to lay
      waste the land.
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   Syn: See Put, v. t., and the Note under 4th Lie.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, n.
   The laity; the common people. [Obs.]
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         The learned have no more privilege than the lay. --B.
                                                  Jonson.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, n.
   A meadow. See Lea. [Obs.] --Dryden.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, n. [OF. lei faith, law, F. loi law. See Legal.]
   1. Faith; creed; religious profession. [Obs.]
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            Of the sect to which that he was born
            He kept his lay, to which that he was sworn.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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   2. A law. [Obs.] "Many goodly lays." --Spenser.
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   3. An obligation; a vow. [Obs.]
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            They bound themselves by a sacred lay and oath.
                                                  --Holland.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, imp.
   of Lie, to recline.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, a. [F. lai, L. laicus, Gr. ? of or from the people,
   lay, from ?, ?, people. Cf. Laic.]
   1. Of or pertaining to the laity, as distinct from the
      clergy; as, a lay person; a lay preacher; a lay brother.
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   2. Not educated or cultivated; ignorant. [Obs.]
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   3. Not belonging to, or emanating from, a particular
      profession; unprofessional; as, a lay opinion regarding
      the nature of a disease.
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   Lay baptism (Eccl.), baptism administered by a lay person.
      --F. G. Lee.

   Lay brother (R. C. Ch.), one received into a convent of
      monks under the three vows, but not in holy orders.

   Lay clerk (Eccl.), a layman who leads the responses of the
      congregation, etc., in the church service. --Hook.

   Lay days (Com.), time allowed in a charter party for taking
      in and discharging cargo. --McElrath.

   Lay elder. See 2d Elder, 3, note.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lay \Lay\, a. [OF. lai, lais, prob. of Celtic origin; cf. Ir.
   laoi, laoidh, song, poem, OIr. laoidh poem, verse; but cf.
   also AS. l[=a]c play, sport, G. leich a sort of poem (cf.
   Lake to sport). ?.]
   1. A song; a simple lyrical poem; a ballad. --Spenser. Sir W.
      Scott.
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   2. A melody; any musical utterance.
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            The throstle cock made eke his lay.   --Chaucer.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. Lay (l[=a]); p. p. Lain (l[=a]n),
   (Lien (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Lying.]
   [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen,
   licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth.
   ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed,
   le`xasqai to lie. Cf. Lair, Law, Lay, v. t., Litter,
   Low, adj.]
   1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to
      be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or
      nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often
      with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the
      book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies
      in his coffin.
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            The watchful traveler . . .
            Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.
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   2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland
      lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the
      ship lay in port.
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   3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in
      a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie
      fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie
      under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves;
      the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
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   4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding
      place; to consist; -- with in.
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            Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though
            unequal in circumstances.             --Collier.
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            He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard
            labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of
            huntsmen.                             --Locke.
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   5. To lodge; to sleep.
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            Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . .
            . where I lay one night only.         --Evelyn.
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            Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.
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   6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.
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            The wind is loud and will not lie.    --Shak.
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   7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being
      maintained. "An appeal lies in this case." --Parsons.
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   Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers
         often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay
         and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its
         preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I
         laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its
         preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay
         down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the
         preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid
         down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid
         at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was
         laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to
         remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit
         of lay, and not of lie.
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   To lie along the shore (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in
      sight.

   To lie at the door of, to be imputable to; as, the sin,
      blame, etc., lies at your door.

   To lie at the heart, to be an object of affection, desire,
      or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

   To lie at the mercy of, to be in the power of.

   To lie by.
      (a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the
          manuscript lying by him.
      (b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the
          heat of the day.

   To lie hard or To lie heavy, to press or weigh; to bear
      hard.

   To lie in, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

   To lie in one, to be in the power of; to belong to. "As
      much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men." --Rom.
      xii. 18.

   To lie in the way, to be an obstacle or impediment.

   To lie in wait, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.
      

   To lie on or To lie upon.
      (a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result.
      (b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

   To lie low, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]
      

   To lie on hand,

   To lie on one's hands, to remain unsold or unused; as, the
      goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much
      time lying on their hands.

   To lie on the head of, to be imputed to.
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            What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
            lie on my head.                       --Shak.
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   To lie over.
      (a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due,
          as a note in bank.
      (b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a
          resolution in a public deliberative body.

   To lie to (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as
      near the wind as possible as being the position of
      greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To
      bring to}, under Bring.

   To lie under, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed
      by.

   To lie with.
      (a) To lodge or sleep with.
      (b) To have sexual intercourse with.
      (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.
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