lie


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n.
   See Lye.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n. [AS. lyge; akin to D. leugen, OHG. lugi,
   G. l["u]ge, lug, Icel. lygi, Dan. & Sw. l["o]gn, Goth. liugn.
   See Lie to utter a falsehood.]
   1. A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception;
      an intentional violation of truth; an untruth spoken with
      the intention to deceive.
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            The proper notion of a lie is an endeavoring to
            deceive another by signifying that to him as true,
            which we ourselves think not to be so. --S. Clarke.
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            It is willful deceit that makes a lie. A man may act
            a lie, as by pointing his finger in a wrong
            direction when a traveler inquires of him his road.
                                                  --Paley.
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   2. A fiction; a fable; an untruth. --Dryden.
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   3. Anything which misleads or disappoints.
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            Wishing this lie of life was o'er.    --Trench.
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   To give the lie to.
      (a) To charge with falsehood; as, the man gave him the
          lie.
      (b) To reveal to be false; as, a man's actions may give
          the lie to his words.

   White lie, a euphemism for such lies as one finds it
      convenient to tell, and excuses himself for telling.
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   Syn: Untruth; falsehood; fiction; deception.

   Usage: Lie, Untruth. A man may state what is untrue from
          ignorance or misconception; hence, to impute an
          untruth to one is not necessarily the same as charging
          him with a lie. Every lie is an untruth, but not every
          untruth is a lie. Cf. Falsity.
          [1913 Webster]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lied (l[imac]d); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Lying (l[imac]"[i^]ng).] [OE. lien, li[yogh]en,
   le[yogh]en, leo[yogh]en, AS. le['o]gan; akin to D. liegen,
   OS. & OHG. liogan, G. l["u]gen, Icel. lj[=u]ga, Sw. ljuga,
   Dan. lyve, Goth. liugan, Russ. lgate.]
   To utter falsehood with an intention to deceive; to say or do
   that which is intended to deceive another, when he a right to
   know the truth, or when morality requires a just
   representation.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\, v. i. [imp. Lay (l[=a]); p. p. Lain (l[=a]n),
   (Lien (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Lying.]
   [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen,
   licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth.
   ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed,
   le`xasqai to lie. Cf. Lair, Law, Lay, v. t., Litter,
   Low, adj.]
   1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to
      be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or
      nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often
      with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the
      book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies
      in his coffin.
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            The watchful traveler . . .
            Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.
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   2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland
      lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the
      ship lay in port.
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   3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in
      a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie
      fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie
      under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves;
      the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
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   4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding
      place; to consist; -- with in.
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            Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though
            unequal in circumstances.             --Collier.
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            He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard
            labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of
            huntsmen.                             --Locke.
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   5. To lodge; to sleep.
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            Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . .
            . where I lay one night only.         --Evelyn.
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            Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.
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   6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.
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            The wind is loud and will not lie.    --Shak.
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   7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being
      maintained. "An appeal lies in this case." --Parsons.
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   Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers
         often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay
         and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its
         preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I
         laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its
         preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay
         down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the
         preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid
         down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid
         at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was
         laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to
         remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit
         of lay, and not of lie.
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   To lie along the shore (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in
      sight.

   To lie at the door of, to be imputable to; as, the sin,
      blame, etc., lies at your door.

   To lie at the heart, to be an object of affection, desire,
      or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

   To lie at the mercy of, to be in the power of.

   To lie by.
      (a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the
          manuscript lying by him.
      (b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the
          heat of the day.

   To lie hard or To lie heavy, to press or weigh; to bear
      hard.

   To lie in, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

   To lie in one, to be in the power of; to belong to. "As
      much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men." --Rom.
      xii. 18.

   To lie in the way, to be an obstacle or impediment.

   To lie in wait, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.
      

   To lie on or To lie upon.
      (a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result.
      (b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

   To lie low, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]
      

   To lie on hand,

   To lie on one's hands, to remain unsold or unused; as, the
      goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much
      time lying on their hands.

   To lie on the head of, to be imputed to.
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            What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it
            lie on my head.                       --Shak.
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   To lie over.
      (a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due,
          as a note in bank.
      (b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a
          resolution in a public deliberative body.

   To lie to (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as
      near the wind as possible as being the position of
      greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To
      bring to}, under Bring.

   To lie under, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed
      by.

   To lie with.
      (a) To lodge or sleep with.
      (b) To have sexual intercourse with.
      (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.
          [1913 Webster]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lie \Lie\ (l[imac]), n.
   The position or way in which anything lies; the lay, as of
   land or country. --J. H. Newman.
   [1913 Webster]

         He surveyed with his own eyes . . . the lie of the
         country on the side towards Thrace.      --Jowett
                                                  (Thucyd.).
   [1913 Webster] Lieberkuhn
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Lye \Lye\, n. [Written also lie and ley.] [AS. le['a]h; akin
   to D. loog, OHG. louga, G. lauge; cf. Icel. laug a bath, a
   hot spring.]
   1. A strong caustic alkaline solution of potassium salts,
      obtained by leaching wood ashes. It is much used in making
      soap, etc.
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   2. (Chem.) Sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, or a
      concentrated aqueous solution of either compound.
      [PJC]
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