low german


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

German \Ger"man\, n.; pl. Germans[L. Germanus, prob. of Celtis
   origin.]
   1. A native or one of the people of Germany.
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   2. The German language.
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   3.
      (a) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding
          in capriciosly involved figures.
      (b) A social party at which the german is danced.
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   High German, the Teutonic dialect of Upper or Southern
      Germany, -- comprising Old High German, used from the 8th
      to the 11th century; Middle H. G., from the 12th to the
      15th century; and Modern or New H. G., the language of
      Luther's Bible version and of modern German literature.
      The dialects of Central Germany, the basis of the modern
      literary language, are often called Middle German, and the
      Southern German dialects Upper German; but High German is
      also used to cover both groups.

   Low German, the language of Northern Germany and the
      Netherlands, -- including Friesic; Anglo-Saxon or
      Saxon; Old Saxon; Dutch or Low Dutch, with its
      dialect, Flemish; and Plattdeutsch (called also {Low
      German}), spoken in many dialects.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Low \Low\ (l[=o]), a. [Compar. Lower (l[=o]"[~e]r); superl.
   Lowest.] [OE. low, louh, lah, Icel. l[=a]gr; akin to Sw.
   l[*a]g, Dan. lav, D. laag, and E. lie. See Lie to be
   prostrate.]
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   1. Occupying an inferior position or place; not high or
      elevated; depressed in comparison with something else; as,
      low ground; a low flight.
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   2. Not rising to the usual height; as, a man of low stature;
      a low fence.
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   3. Near the horizon; as, the sun is low at four o'clock in
      winter, and six in summer.
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   4. Sunk to the farthest ebb of the tide; as, low tide.
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   5. Beneath the usual or remunerative rate or amount, or the
      ordinary value; moderate; cheap; as, the low price of
      corn; low wages.
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   6. Not loud; as, a low voice; a low sound.
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   7. (Mus.) Depressed in the scale of sounds; grave; as, a low
      pitch; a low note.
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   8. (Phon.) Made, as a vowel, with a low position of part of
      the tongue in relation to the palate; as, [a^] ([a^]m),
      [add] ([add]ll). See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect]
      5, 10, 11.
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   9. Near, or not very distant from, the equator; as, in the
      low northern latitudes.
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   10. Numerically small; as, a low number.
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   11. Wanting strength or animation; depressed; dejected; as,
       low spirits; low in spirits.
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   12. Depressed in condition; humble in rank; as, men of low
       condition; the lower classes.
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             Why but to keep ye low and ignorant ? --Milton.
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   13. Mean; vulgar; base; dishonorable; as, a person of low
       mind; a low trick or stratagem.
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   14. Not elevated or sublime; not exalted in thought or
       diction; as, a low comparison.
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             In comparison of these divine writers, the noblest
             wits of the heathen world are low and dull.
                                                  --Felton.
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   15. Submissive; humble. "Low reverence." --Milton.
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   16. Deficient in vital energy; feeble; weak; as, a low pulse;
       made low by sickness.
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   17. Moderate; not intense; not inflammatory; as, low heat; a
       low temperature; a low fever.
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   18. Smaller than is reasonable or probable; as, a low
       estimate.
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   19. Not rich, high seasoned, or nourishing; plain; simple;
       as, a low diet.
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   Note: Low is often used in the formation of compounds which
         require no special explanation; as, low-arched,
         low-browed, low-crowned, low-heeled, low-lying,
         low-priced, low-roofed, low-toned, low-voiced, and the
         like.
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   Low Church. See High Church, under High.

   Low Countries, the Netherlands.

   Low German, Low Latin, etc. See under German, Latin,
      etc.

   Low life, humble life.

   Low milling, a process of making flour from grain by a
      single grinding and by siftings.

   Low relief. See Bas-relief.

   Low side window (Arch.), a peculiar form of window common
      in medi[ae]val churches, and of uncertain use. Windows of
      this sort are narrow, near the ground, and out of the line
      of the windows, and in many different situations in the
      building.

   Low spirits, despondency.

   Low steam, steam having a low pressure.

   Low steel, steel which contains only a small proportion of
      carbon, and can not be hardened greatly by sudden cooling.
      

   Low Sunday, the Sunday next after Easter; -- popularly so
      called.

   Low tide, the farthest ebb of the tide; the tide at its
      lowest point; low water.

   Low water.
       (a) The lowest point of the ebb tide; a low stage of the
           in a river, lake, etc.
       (b) (Steam Boiler) The condition of an insufficient
           quantity of water in the boiler.

   Low water alarm or Low water indicator (Steam Boiler), a
      contrivance of various forms attached to a boiler for
      giving warning when the water is low.

   Low water mark, that part of the shore to which the waters
      recede when the tide is the lowest. --Bouvier.

   Low wine, a liquor containing about 20 percent of alcohol,
      produced by the first distillation of wash; the first run
      of the still; -- often in the plural.
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