major


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Major \Ma"jor\, n. [F. major. See Major, a.]
   1. (Mil.) An officer next in rank above a captain and next
      below a lieutenant colonel; the lowest field officer.
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   2. (Law) A person of full age.
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   3. (Logic) That premise which contains the major term. It its
      the first proposition of a regular syllogism; as: No
      unholy person is qualified for happiness in heaven [the
      major]. Every man in his natural state is unholy [minor].
      Therefore, no man in his natural state is qualified for
      happiness in heaven [conclusion or inference].
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   Note: In hypothetical syllogisms, the hypothetical premise is
         called the major.
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   4. [LL. See Major.] A mayor. [Obs.] --Bacon.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Major \Ma"jor\, [L. major, compar. of magnus great: cf. F.
   majeur. Cf. Master, Mayor, Magnitude, More, a.]
   1. Greater in number, quantity, or extent; as, the major part
      of the assembly; the major part of the revenue; the major
      part of the territory.
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   2. Of greater dignity; more important. --Shak.
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   3. Of full legal age; adult. [Obs.]
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   4. (Mus.) Greater by a semitone, either in interval or in
      difference of pitch from another tone.
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   Major key (Mus.), a key in which one and two, two and
      three, four and five, five and six and seven, make major
      seconds, and three and four, and seven and eight, make
      minor seconds.

   Major offense (Law), an offense of a greater degree which
      contains a lesser offense, as murder and robbery include
      assault.

   Major scale (Mus.), the natural diatonic scale, which has
      semitones between the third and fourth, and seventh and
      fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees; the scale of the
      major mode, of which the third is major. See Scale, and
      Diatonic.

   Major second (Mus.), a second between whose tones is a
      difference in pitch of a step.

   Major sixth (Mus.), a sixth of four steps and a half step.
      In major keys the third and sixth from the key tone are
      major. Major keys and intervals, as distinguished from
      minors, are more cheerful.

   Major third (Mus.), a third of two steps.
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