From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mandarin \Man`da*rin"\, n. [Pg. mandarim, from Malay mantr[imac]
   minister of state, prop. a Hind. word, fr. Skr. mantrin a
   counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.]
   1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military
      official in China and Annam.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Hence: A powerful government official or bureaucrat,
      especially one who is pedantic and has a strong sense of
      his own importance and privelege.

   3. Hence: A member of an influential, powerful or elite
      group, espcially within artistic or intellectual circles;
      -- used especially of elder members who are traditionalist
      or conservative about their specialties.

   5. The form of the Chinese language spoken by members of the
      Chinese Imperial Court an officials of the empire.

   6. Any of several closely related dialects of the Chinese
      language spoken by a mojority of the population of China,
      the standard variety of which is spoken in the region
      around Beijing.

   7. (Bot.) A small flattish reddish-orange loose-skinned
      orange, with an easily separable rind. It is thought to be
      of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species
      (Citrus reticulata formerly Citrus nobilis); called
      also mandarin orange and tangerine.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mandarin language, the spoken or colloquial language of
      educated people in China.

   Mandarin yellow (Chem.), an artificial aniline dyestuff
      used for coloring silk and wool, and regarded as a complex
      derivative of quinoline.
      [1913 Webster]
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