mandarin orange

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Orange \Or"ange\ ([o^]r"[e^]nj), n. [F.; cf. It. arancia,
   arancio, LL. arangia, Sp. naranjia, Pg. laranja; all fr. Ar.
   n[=a]ranj, Per. n[=a]ranj, n[=a]rang; cf. Skr. n[=a]ranga
   orange tree. The o- in F. orange is due to confusion with or
   gold, L. aurum, because the orange resembles gold in color.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. The fruit of a tree of the genus Citrus ({Citrus
      Aurantium}). It is usually round, and consists of pulpy
      carpels, commonly ten in number, inclosed in a leathery
      rind, which is easily separable, and is reddish yellow
      when ripe.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: There are numerous varieties of oranges; as, the
         bitter orange, which is supposed to be the original
         stock; the navel orange, which has the rudiment of a
         second orange imbedded in the top of the fruit; the
         blood orange, with a reddish juice; and the {horned
         orange}, in which the carpels are partly separated.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. (Bot.) The tree that bears oranges; the orange tree.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. The color of an orange; reddish yellow.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mandarin orange. See Mandarin.

   Mock orange (Bot.), any species of shrubs of the genus
      Philadelphus, which have whitish and often fragrant

   Native orange, or Orange thorn (Bot.), an Australian
      shrub (Citriobatus parviflorus); also, its edible yellow

   Orange bird (Zool.), a tanager of Jamaica (Tanagra zena);
      -- so called from its bright orange breast.

   Orange cowry (Zool.), a large, handsome cowry ({Cypraea
      aurantia}), highly valued by collectors of shells on
      account of its rarity.

   Orange grass (Bot.), an inconspicuous annual American plant
      (Hypericum Sarothra), having minute, deep yellow

   Orange oil (Chem.), an oily, terpenelike substance obtained
      from orange rind, and distinct from neroli oil, which is
      obtained from the flowers.

   Orange pekoe, a kind of black tea.

   Orange pippin, an orange-colored apple with acid flavor.

   Quito orange, the orangelike fruit of a shrubby species of
      nightshade (Solanum Quitoense), native in Quito.

   Orange scale (Zool.) any species of scale insects which
      infests orange trees; especially, the purple scale
      (Mytilaspis citricola), the long scale ({Mytilaspis
      Gloveri}), and the red scale (Aspidiotus Aurantii).
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mandarin \Man`da*rin"\, n. [Pg. mandarim, from Malay mantr[imac]
   minister of state, prop. a Hind. word, fr. Skr. mantrin a
   counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.]
   1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military
      official in China and Annam.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Hence: A powerful government official or bureaucrat,
      especially one who is pedantic and has a strong sense of
      his own importance and privelege.

   3. Hence: A member of an influential, powerful or elite
      group, espcially within artistic or intellectual circles;
      -- used especially of elder members who are traditionalist
      or conservative about their specialties.

   5. The form of the Chinese language spoken by members of the
      Chinese Imperial Court an officials of the empire.

   6. Any of several closely related dialects of the Chinese
      language spoken by a mojority of the population of China,
      the standard variety of which is spoken in the region
      around Beijing.

   7. (Bot.) A small flattish reddish-orange loose-skinned
      orange, with an easily separable rind. It is thought to be
      of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species
      (Citrus reticulata formerly Citrus nobilis); called
      also mandarin orange and tangerine.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mandarin language, the spoken or colloquial language of
      educated people in China.

   Mandarin yellow (Chem.), an artificial aniline dyestuff
      used for coloring silk and wool, and regarded as a complex
      derivative of quinoline.
      [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

mandarin orange \man`da*rin" or"ange\, n.
   1. A shrub or small tree (Citrus reticulata) having
      flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and
      thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and
      easily removed; native to Southeast Asia.

   Syn: mandarin orange tree.
        [WordNet 1.5]

   2. Same as mandarin[7].
      [1913 Webster]
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