mass


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mass \Mass\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Massed; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Massing.]
   To celebrate Mass. [Obs.] --Hooker.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mass \Mass\, n. [OE. masse, F. masse, L. massa; akin to Gr. ? a
   barley cake, fr. ? to knead. Cf. Macerate.]
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   1. A quantity of matter cohering together so as to make one
      body, or an aggregation of particles or things which
      collectively make one body or quantity, usually of
      considerable size; as, a mass of ore, metal, sand, or
      water.
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            If it were not for these principles, the bodies of
            the earth, planets, comets, sun, and all things in
            them, would grow cold and freeze, and become
            inactive masses.                      --Sir I.
                                                  Newton.
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            A deep mass of continual sea is slower stirred
            To rage.                              --Savile.
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   2. (Phar.) A medicinal substance made into a cohesive,
      homogeneous lump, of consistency suitable for making
      pills; as, blue mass.
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   3. A large quantity; a sum.
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            All the mass of gold that comes into Spain. --Sir W.
                                                  Raleigh.
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            He had spent a huge mass of treasure. --Sir J.
                                                  Davies.
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   4. Bulk; magnitude; body; size.
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            This army of such mass and charge.    --Shak.
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   5. The principal part; the main body.
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            Night closed upon the pursuit, and aided the mass of
            the fugitives in their escape.        --Jowett
                                                  (Thucyd.).
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   6. (Physics) The quantity of matter which a body contains,
      irrespective of its bulk or volume.
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   Note: Mass and weight are often used, in a general way, as
         interchangeable terms, since the weight of a body is
         proportional to its mass (under the same or equal
         gravitative forces), and the mass is usually
         ascertained from the weight. Yet the two ideas, mass
         and weight, are quite distinct. Mass is the quantity of
         matter in a body; weight is the comparative force with
         which it tends towards the center of the earth. A mass
         of sugar and a mass of lead are assumed to be equal
         when they show an equal weight by balancing each other
         in the scales.
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   Blue mass. See under Blue.

   Mass center (Geom.), the center of gravity of a triangle.
      

   Mass copper, native copper in a large mass.

   Mass meeting, a large or general assembly of people,
      usually a meeting having some relation to politics.

   The masses, the great body of the people, as contrasted
      with the higher classes; the populace.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mass \Mass\ (m[.a]s), n. [OE. masse, messe, AS. maesse. LL.
   missa, from L. mittere, missum, to send, dismiss: cf. F.
   messe. In the ancient churches, the public services at which
   the catechumens were permitted to be present were called
   missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel.
   Then they were dismissed with these words : "Ite, missa est"
   [sc. ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After that the
   sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said
   to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to
   the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. See Missile, and cf.
   Christmas, Lammas, Mess a dish, Missal.]
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   1. (R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the
      Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.
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   2. (Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music,
      considered as a musical composition; -- namely, the Kyrie,
      the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei,
      besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus.
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   Canon of the Mass. See Canon.

   High Mass, Mass with incense, music, the assistance of a
      deacon, subdeacon, etc.

   Low Mass, Mass which is said by the priest throughout,
      without music.

   Mass bell, the sanctus bell. See Sanctus.

   Mass book, the missal or Roman Catholic service book.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mass \Mass\, v. t.
   To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective
   body; to bring together into masses; to assemble.
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         But mass them together and they are terrible indeed.
                                                  --Coleridge.
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