mineral


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mineral \Min"er*al\, n. [F. min['e]ral, LL. minerale, fr. minera
   mine. See Mine, v. i.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature,
      having a definite chemical composition and usually a
      distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy
      igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of
      minerals.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. A mine. [Obs.] --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the
      most general classification of things into three kingdoms
      (animal, vegetable, and mineral).
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mineral \Min"er*al\, a.
   1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or
      of minerals; as, a mineral substance.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mineral acids (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric,
      nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as
      distinguished from the organic acids.

   Mineral blue, the name usually given to azurite, when
      reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.

   Mineral candle, a candle made of paraffin.

   Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of
      bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness.
      See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.

   Mineral chameleon (Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under
      Chameleon.

   Mineral charcoal. See under Charcoal.

   Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool (below).

   Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite.

   Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand
      divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects,
      as distinguished from plants or animals.

   Mineral oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum.

   Mineral paint, a pigment made chiefly of some natural
      mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.

   Mineral patch. See Bitumen, and Asphalt.

   Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.

   Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid.

   Mineral tallow, a familiar name for hatchettite, from its
      fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.

   Mineral water. See under Water.

   Mineral wax. See Ozocerite.

   Mineral wool, a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing
      a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is
      a poor conductor of heat.
      [1913 Webster]
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