mineral water


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Soda \So"da\, n. [It., soda, in OIt., ashes used in making
   glass, fr. L. solida, fem. of solidus solid; solida having
   probably been a name of glasswort. See Solid.]
   1. (Chem.)
      (a) Sodium oxide or hydroxide.
      (b) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Sodium
          bicarbonate is also called baking soda
          [1913 Webster]

   2. same as sodium, used in terms such as {bicarbonate of
      soda}.
      [PJC]

   3. same as soda water.
      [PJC]

   4. a non-alcoholic beverage, sweetened by various means,
      containing flavoring and supersaturated with carbon
      dioxide, so as to be effervescent when the container is
      opened; -- in different localities it is variously called
      also soda pop, pop, mineral water, and minerals.
      It has many variants. The sweetening agent may be natural,
      such as cane sugar or corn syrup, or artificial, such as
      saccharin or aspartame. The flavoring varies widely,
      popular variants being fruit or cola flavoring.
      [PJC]

   Caustic soda, sodium hydroxide.

   Cooking soda, sodium bicarbonate. [Colloq.]

   Sal soda. See Sodium carbonate, under Sodium.

   Soda alum (Min.), a mineral consisting of the hydrous
      sulphate of alumina and soda.

   Soda ash, crude sodium carbonate; -- so called because
      formerly obtained from the ashes of sea plants and certain
      other plants, as saltwort (Salsola). See under Sodium.
      

   Soda fountain, an apparatus for drawing soda water, fitted
      with delivery tube, faucets, etc.

   Soda lye, a lye consisting essentially of a solution of
      sodium hydroxide, used in soap making.

   Soda niter. See Nitratine.

   Soda salts, salts having sodium for the base; specifically,
      sodium sulphate or Glauber's salts.

   Soda waste, the waste material, consisting chiefly of
      calcium hydroxide and sulphide, which accumulates as a
      useless residue or side product in the ordinary Leblanc
      process of soda manufacture; -- called also {alkali
      waste}.

   Washing soda, sodium carbonate. [Colloq.]
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Soda pop \So"da pop\, n.
   a popular non-alcoholic beverage, sweetened by various means,
   containing flavoring and supersaturated with carbon dioxide,
   so as to be effervescent when the container is opened; -- in
   different localities it is variously called also soda,
   pop, mineral water, and minerals. It has many variants.
   The sweetening agent may be natural, such as cane sugar or
   corn syrup, or artificial, such as saccharin or aspartame.
   The flavoring varies widely, popular variants being fruit
   juices, fruit sirups, cream, or cola flavoring; the soda pop
   is usually served chilled.

   Note: Several large corporations started primarily as
         bottlers of soda pop, such as Coca-Cola,
         Pepsi-Cola, and Dr. Pepper.
         [PJC]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Mineral \Min"er*al\, a.
   1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or
      of minerals; as, a mineral substance.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
      [1913 Webster]

   Mineral acids (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric,
      nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as
      distinguished from the organic acids.

   Mineral blue, the name usually given to azurite, when
      reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.

   Mineral candle, a candle made of paraffin.

   Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of
      bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness.
      See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.

   Mineral chameleon (Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under
      Chameleon.

   Mineral charcoal. See under Charcoal.

   Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool (below).

   Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite.

   Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand
      divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects,
      as distinguished from plants or animals.

   Mineral oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum.

   Mineral paint, a pigment made chiefly of some natural
      mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.

   Mineral patch. See Bitumen, and Asphalt.

   Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.

   Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid.

   Mineral tallow, a familiar name for hatchettite, from its
      fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.

   Mineral water. See under Water.

   Mineral wax. See Ozocerite.

   Mineral wool, a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing
      a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is
      a poor conductor of heat.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Water \Wa"ter\ (w[add]"t[~e]r), n. [AS. w[ae]ter; akin to OS.
   watar, OFries. wetir, weter, LG. & D. water, G. wasser, OHG.
   wazzar, Icel. vatn, Sw. vatten, Dan. vand, Goth. wat[=o], O.
   Slav. & Russ. voda, Gr. 'y`dwr, Skr. udan water, ud to wet,
   and perhaps to L. unda wave. [root]137. Cf. Dropsy,
   Hydra, Otter, Wet, Whisky.]
   1. The fluid which descends from the clouds in rain, and
      which forms rivers, lakes, seas, etc. "We will drink
      water." --Shak. "Powers of fire, air, water, and earth."
      --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Pure water consists of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O, and
         is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, transparent
         liquid, which is very slightly compressible. At its
         maximum density, 39[deg] Fahr. or 4[deg] C., it is the
         standard for specific gravities, one cubic centimeter
         weighing one gram. It freezes at 32[deg] Fahr. or
         0[deg] C. and boils at 212[deg] Fahr. or 100[deg] C.
         (see Ice, Steam). It is the most important natural
         solvent, and is frequently impregnated with foreign
         matter which is mostly removed by distillation; hence,
         rain water is nearly pure. It is an important
         ingredient in the tissue of animals and plants, the
         human body containing about two thirds its weight of
         water.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. A body of water, standing or flowing; a lake, river, or
      other collection of water.
      [1913 Webster]

            Remembering he had passed over a small water a poor
            scholar when first coming to the university, he
            kneeled.                              --Fuller.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Any liquid secretion, humor, or the like, resembling
      water; esp., the urine.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. (Pharm.) A solution in water of a gaseous or readily
      volatile substance; as, ammonia water. --U. S. Pharm.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a
      diamond; as, a diamond of the first water, that is,
      perfectly pure and transparent. Hence, of the first water,
      that is, of the first excellence.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted
      to linen, silk, metals, etc. See Water, v. t., 3,
      Damask, v. t., and Damaskeen.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. An addition to the shares representing the capital of a
      stock company so that the aggregate par value of the
      shares is increased while their value for investment is
      diminished, or "diluted." [Brokers' Cant]
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Water is often used adjectively and in the formation of
         many self-explaining compounds; as, water drainage;
         water gauge, or water-gauge; waterfowl, water-fowl, or
         water fowl; water-beaten; water-borne, water-circled,
         water-girdled, water-rocked, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   Hard water. See under Hard.

   Inch of water, a unit of measure of quantity of water,
      being the quantity which will flow through an orifice one
      inch square, or a circular orifice one inch in diameter,
      in a vertical surface, under a stated constant head; also
      called miner's inch, and water inch. The shape of the
      orifice and the head vary in different localities. In the
      Western United States, for hydraulic mining, the standard
      aperture is square and the head from 4 to 9 inches above
      its center. In Europe, for experimental hydraulics, the
      orifice is usually round and the head from 1/2 of an inch
      to 1 inch above its top.

   Mineral water, waters which are so impregnated with foreign
      ingredients, such as gaseous, sulphureous, and saline
      substances, as to give them medicinal properties, or a
      particular flavor or temperature.

   Soft water, water not impregnated with lime or mineral
      salts.

   To hold water. See under Hold, v. t.

   To keep one's head above water, to keep afloat; fig., to
      avoid failure or sinking in the struggles of life.
      [Colloq.]

   To make water.
      (a) To pass urine. --Swift.
      (b) (Naut.) To admit water; to leak.

   Water of crystallization (Chem.), the water combined with
      many salts in their crystalline form. This water is
      loosely, but, nevertheless, chemically, combined, for it
      is held in fixed and definite amount for each substance
      containing it. Thus, while pure copper sulphate, CuSO4,
      is a white amorphous substance, blue vitriol, the
      crystallized form, CuSO4.5H2O, contains five molecules
      of water of crystallization.

   Water on the brain (Med.), hydrocephalus.

   Water on the chest (Med.), hydrothorax.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Other phrases, in which water occurs as the first
         element, will be found in alphabetical order in the
         Vocabulary.
         [1913 Webster]
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