moxostoma macrolepidotum


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Red \Red\, a. [Compar. Redder (-d?r); superl. Reddest.] [OE.
   red, reed, AS. re['a]d, re['o]d; akin to OS. r[=o]d, OFries.
   r[=a]d, D. rood, G. roht, rot, OHG. r[=o]t, Dan. & Sw.
   r["o]d, Icel. rau[eth]r, rj[=o][eth]r, Goth. r['a]uds, W.
   rhudd, Armor. ruz, Ir. & Gael. ruadh, L. ruber, rufus, Gr.
   'eryqro`s, Skr. rudhira, rohita; cf. L. rutilus. [root]113.
   Cf. Erysipelas, Rouge, Rubric, Ruby, Ruddy,
   Russet, Rust.]
   Of the color of blood, or of a tint resembling that color; of
   the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar
   spectrum, which is furthest from the violet part. "Fresh
   flowers, white and reede." --Chaucer.
   [1913 Webster]

         Your color, I warrant you, is as red as any rose.
                                                  --Shak.
   [1913 Webster]

   Note: Red is a general term, including many different shades
         or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red,
         and the like.
         [1913 Webster]

   Note: Red is often used in the formation of self-explaining
         compounds; as, red-breasted, red-cheeked, red-faced,
         red-haired, red-headed, red-skinned, red-tailed,
         red-topped, red-whiskered, red-coasted.
         [1913 Webster]

   Red admiral (Zool.), a beautiful butterfly ({Vanessa
      Atalanta}) common in both Europe and America. The front
      wings are crossed by a broad orange red band. The larva
      feeds on nettles. Called also Atalanta butterfly, and
      nettle butterfly.

   Red ant. (Zool.)
   (a) A very small ant (Myrmica molesta) which often infests
       houses.
   (b) A larger reddish ant (Formica sanguinea), native of
       Europe and America. It is one of the slave-making
       species.

   Red antimony (Min.), kermesite. See Kermes mineral
   (b), under Kermes.

   Red ash (Bot.), an American tree (Fraxinus pubescens),
      smaller than the white ash, and less valuable for timber.
      --Cray.

   Red bass. (Zool.) See Redfish
   (d) .

   Red bay (Bot.), a tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the
      heartwood red, found in swamps in the Southern United
      States.

   Red beard (Zool.), a bright red sponge ({Microciona
      prolifera}), common on oyster shells and stones. [Local,
      U.S.]

   Red birch (Bot.), a species of birch (Betula nigra)
      having reddish brown bark, and compact, light-colored
      wood. --Gray.

   Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism.

   Red book, a book containing the names of all the persons in
      the service of the state. [Eng.]

   Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient record in which are
      registered the names of all that held lands per baroniam
      in the time of Henry II. --Brande & C.

   Red brass, an alloy containing eight parts of copper and
      three of zinc.

   Red bug. (Zool.)
   (a) A very small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
       produces great irritation by its bites.
   (b) A red hemipterous insect of the genus Pyrrhocoris,
       especially the European species (Pyrrhocoris apterus),
       which is bright scarlet and lives in clusters on tree
       trunks.
   (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton.

   Red cedar. (Bot.) An evergreen North American tree
      (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant red-colored
      heartwood.
   (b) A tree of India and Australia (Cedrela Toona) having
       fragrant reddish wood; -- called also toon tree in
       India.

   Red horse. (Zool.)
   (a) Any large American red fresh-water sucker, especially
       Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied species.
   (b) See the Note under Drumfish.

   Red lead.
   (Chem) See under Lead, and Minium.

   Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite.

   Red liquor (Dyeing), a solution consisting essentially of
      aluminium acetate, used as a mordant in the fixation of
      dyestuffs on vegetable fiber; -- so called because used
      originally for red dyestuffs. Called also red mordant.
      

   Red maggot (Zool.), the larva of the wheat midge.

   Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite.

   Red man, one of the American Indians; -- so called from his
      color.

   Red maple (Bot.), a species of maple (Acer rubrum). See
      Maple.

   Red mite. (Zool.) See Red spider, below.

   Red mulberry (Bot.), an American mulberry of a dark purple
      color (Morus rubra).

   Red mullet (Zool.), the surmullet. See Mullet.

   Red ocher (Min.), a soft earthy variety of hematite, of a
      reddish color.

   Red perch (Zool.), the rosefish.

   Red phosphorus. (Chem.) See under Phosphorus.

   Red pine (Bot.), an American species of pine ({Pinus
      resinosa}); -- so named from its reddish bark.

   Red precipitate. See under Precipitate.

   Red Republican (European Politics), originally, one who
      maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, --
      because a red liberty cap was the badge of the party; an
      extreme radical in social reform. [Cant]

   Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the Bath in England.
      

   Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders.

   Red sandstone. (Geol.) See under Sandstone.

   Red scale (Zool.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus aurantii)
      very injurious to the orange tree in California and
      Australia.

   Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red or
      reddish black color. It includes proustite, or light red
      silver, and pyrargyrite, or dark red silver.

   Red snapper (Zool.), a large fish (Lutjanus aya syn.
      Lutjanus Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico and
      about the Florida reefs.

   Red snow, snow colored by a mocroscopic unicellular alga
      (Protococcus nivalis) which produces large patches of
      scarlet on the snows of arctic or mountainous regions.

   Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
      the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to
      infarction or inflammation.

   Red spider (Zool.), a very small web-spinning mite
      (Tetranychus telarius) which infests, and often
      destroys, plants of various kinds, especially those
      cultivated in houses and conservatories. It feeds mostly
      on the under side of the leaves, and causes them to turn
      yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale red.
      Called also red mite.

   Red squirrel (Zool.), the chickaree.

   Red tape,
   (a) the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
       etc. Hence,
   (b) official formality and delay; excessive bureaucratic
       paperwork.

   Red underwing (Zool.), any species of noctuid moths
      belonging to Catacola and allied genera. The numerous
      species are mostly large and handsomely colored. The under
      wings are commonly banded with bright red or orange.

   Red water, a disease in cattle, so called from an
      appearance like blood in the urine.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

White \White\ (hw[imac]t), a. [Compar. Whiter
   (hw[imac]t"[~e]r); superl. Whitest.] [OE. whit, AS.
   hw[imac]t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[imac]t, D. wit, G.
   weiss, OHG. w[imac]z, hw[imac]z, Icel. hv[imac]tr, Sw. hvit,
   Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith. szveisti, to make bright,
   Russ. sviet' light, Skr. [,c]v[=e]ta white, [,c]vit to be
   bright. [root]42. Cf. Wheat, Whitsunday.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum
      combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or
      their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; --
      the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a
      white skin. "Pearls white." --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            White as the whitest lily on a stream. --Longfellow.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of
      blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.
      [1913 Webster]

            Or whispering with white lips, "The foe!
            They come! they come!"                --Byron.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or
      from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.
      [1913 Webster]

            White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

            No whiter page than Addison's remains. --Pope.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.
      [1913 Webster]

            Your high engendered battles 'gainst a head
            So old and white as this.             --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the
      like; fortunate; happy; favorable.
      [1913 Webster]

            On the whole, however, the dominie reckoned this as
            one of the white days of his life.    --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.
      [1913 Webster]

            Come forth, my white spouse.          --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. --Ford.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: White is used in many self-explaining compounds, as
         white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.
         [1913 Webster]

   White alder. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush, under
      Pepper.

   White ant (Zool.), any one of numerous species of social
      pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Termes. These
      insects are very abundant in tropical countries, and form
      large and complex communities consisting of numerous
      asexual workers of one or more kinds, of large-headed
      asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens
      (or fertile females) often having the body enormously
      distended by the eggs, and, at certain seasons of numerous
      winged males, together with the larvae and pupae of each
      kind in various stages of development. Many of the species
      construct large and complicated nests, sometimes in the
      form of domelike structures rising several feet above the
      ground and connected with extensive subterranean galleries
      and chambers. In their social habits they closely resemble
      the true ants. They feed upon animal and vegetable
      substances of various kinds, including timber, and are
      often very destructive to buildings and furniture.

   White arsenic (Chem.), arsenious oxide, As2O3, a
      substance of a white color, and vitreous adamantine
      luster, having an astringent, sweetish taste. It is a
      deadly poison.

   White bass (Zool.), a fresh-water North American bass
      (Roccus chrysops) found in the Great Likes.

   White bear (Zool.), the polar bear. See under Polar.

   White blood cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White brand (Zool.), the snow goose.

   White brass, a white alloy of copper; white copper.

   White campion. (Bot.)
      (a) A kind of catchfly (Silene stellata) with white
          flowers.
      (b) A white-flowered Lychnis (Lychnis vespertina).

   White canon (R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian.

   White caps, the members of a secret organization in various
      of the United States, who attempt to drive away or reform
      obnoxious persons by lynch-law methods. They appear masked
      in white. Their actions resembled those of the Ku Klux
      Klan in some ways but they were not formally affiliated
      with the Klan, and their victims were often not black.

   White cedar (Bot.), an evergreen tree of North America
      (Thuja occidentalis), also the related {Cupressus
      thyoides}, or Chamaecyparis sphaeroidea, a slender
      evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar
      swamps of the Northern and Atlantic States. Both are much
      valued for their durable timber. In California the name is
      given to the Libocedrus decurrens, the timber of which
      is also useful, though often subject to dry rot.
      --Goodale. The white cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a
      lofty tree (Icica altissima syn. Bursera altissima)
      whose fragrant wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as
      it is not attacked by insect.

   White cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White cell-blood (Med.), leucocythaemia.

   White clover (Bot.), a species of small perennial clover
      bearing white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for
      cattle and horses, as well as for the honeybee. See also
      under Clover.

   White copper, a whitish alloy of copper. See {German
      silver}, under German.

   White copperas (Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron;
      coquimbite.

   White coral (Zool.), an ornamental branched coral
      (Amphihelia oculata) native of the Mediterranean.

   White corpuscle. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

   White cricket (Zool.), the tree cricket.

   White crop, a crop of grain which loses its green color, or
      becomes white, in ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and
      oats, as distinguished from a green crop, or a root crop.
      

   White currant (Bot.), a variety of the common red currant,
      having white berries.

   White daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy.

   White damp, a kind of poisonous gas encountered in coal
      mines. --Raymond.

   White elephant (Zool.),
      (a) a whitish, or albino, variety of the Asiatic elephant.
      (b) see white elephant in the vocabulary.

   White elm (Bot.), a majestic tree of North America ({Ulmus
      Americana}), the timber of which is much used for hubs of
      wheels, and for other purposes.

   White ensign. See Saint George's ensign, under Saint.
      

   White feather, a mark or symbol of cowardice. See {To show
      the white feather}, under Feather, n.

   White fir (Bot.), a name given to several coniferous trees
      of the Pacific States, as Abies grandis, and {Abies
      concolor}.

   White flesher (Zool.), the ruffed grouse. See under
      Ruffed. [Canada]

   White frost. See Hoarfrost.

   White game (Zool.), the white ptarmigan.

   White garnet (Min.), leucite.

   White grass (Bot.), an American grass (Leersia Virginica)
      with greenish-white paleae.

   White grouse. (Zool.)
      (a) The white ptarmigan.
      (b) The prairie chicken. [Local, U. S.]

   White grub (Zool.), the larva of the June bug and other
      allied species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and
      other plants, and often do much damage.

   White hake (Zool.), the squirrel hake. See under
      Squirrel.

   White hawk, or White kite (Zool.), the hen harrier.

   White heat, the temperature at which bodies become
      incandescent, and appear white from the bright light which
      they emit.

   White hellebore (Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum
      (Veratrum album) See Hellebore, 2.

   White herring, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as
      distinguished from a red, or cured, herring. [R.] --Shak.

   White hoolet (Zool.), the barn owl. [Prov. Eng.]

   White horses (Naut.), white-topped waves; whitecaps.

   The White House. See under House.

   White ibis (Zool.), an American ibis (Guara alba) having
      the plumage pure white, except the tips of the wings,
      which are black. It inhabits tropical America and the
      Southern United States. Called also Spanish curlew.

   White iron.
      (a) Thin sheets of iron coated with tin; tinned iron.
      (b) A hard, silvery-white cast iron containing a large
          proportion of combined carbon.

   White iron pyrites (Min.), marcasite.

   White land, a tough clayey soil, of a whitish hue when dry,
      but blackish after rain. [Eng.]

   White lark (Zool.), the snow bunting.

   White lead.
      (a) A carbonate of lead much used in painting, and for
          other purposes; ceruse.
      (b) (Min.) Native lead carbonate; cerusite.

   White leather, buff leather; leather tanned with alum and
      salt.

   White leg (Med.), milk leg. See under Milk.

   White lettuce (Bot.), rattlesnake root. See under
      Rattlesnake.

   White lie. See under Lie.

   White light.
      (a) (Physics) Light having the different colors in the
          same proportion as in the light coming directly from
          the sun, without having been decomposed, as by passing
          through a prism. See the Note under Color, n., 1.
      (b) A kind of firework which gives a brilliant white
          illumination for signals, etc.

   White lime, a solution or preparation of lime for
      whitewashing; whitewash.

   White line (Print.), a void space of the breadth of a line,
      on a printed page; a blank line.

   White meat.
      (a) Any light-colored flesh, especially of poultry.
      (b) Food made from milk or eggs, as butter, cheese, etc.
          [1913 Webster]

                Driving their cattle continually with them, and
                feeding only upon their milk and white meats.
                                                  --Spenser.
          [1913 Webster]

   White merganser (Zool.), the smew.

   White metal.
      (a) Any one of several white alloys, as pewter, britannia,
          etc.
      (b) (Metal.) A fine grade of copper sulphide obtained at a
          certain stage in copper smelting.

   White miller. (Zool.)
      (a) The common clothes moth.
      (b) A common American bombycid moth ({Spilosoma
          Virginica}) which is pure white with a few small black
          spots; -- called also ermine moth, and {virgin
          moth}. See Woolly bear, under Woolly.

   White money, silver money.

   White mouse (Zool.), the albino variety of the common
      mouse.

   White mullet (Zool.), a silvery mullet (Mugil curema)
      ranging from the coast of the United States to Brazil; --
      called also blue-back mullet, and liza.

   White nun (Zool.), the smew; -- so called from the white
      crest and the band of black feathers on the back of its
      head, which give the appearance of a hood.

   White oak. (Bot.) See under Oak.

   White owl. (Zool.)
      (a) The snowy owl.
      (b) The barn owl.

   White partridge (Zool.), the white ptarmigan.

   White perch. (Zool.)
      (a) A North American fresh-water bass (Morone Americana)
          valued as a food fish.
      (b) The croaker, or fresh-water drum.
      (c) Any California surf fish.

   White pine. (Bot.) See the Note under Pine.

   White poplar (Bot.), a European tree (Populus alba) often
      cultivated as a shade tree in America; abele.

   White poppy (Bot.), the opium-yielding poppy. See Poppy.
      

   White powder, a kind of gunpowder formerly believed to
      exist, and to have the power of exploding without noise.
      [Obs.]
      [1913 Webster]

            A pistol charged with white powder.   --Beau. & Fl.
      [1913 Webster]

   White precipitate. (Old Chem.) See under Precipitate.

   White rabbit. (Zool.)
      (a) The American northern hare in its winter pelage.
      (b) An albino rabbit.

   White rent,
      (a) (Eng. Law) Formerly, rent payable in silver; --
          opposed to black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.
      (b) A rent, or duty, of eight pence, payable yearly by
          every tinner in Devon and Cornwall to the Duke of
          Cornwall, as lord of the soil. [Prov. Eng.]

   White rhinoceros. (Zool.)
      (a) The one-horned, or Indian, rhinoceros ({Rhinoceros
          Indicus}). See Rhinoceros.
      (b) The umhofo.

   White ribbon, the distinctive badge of certain
      organizations for the promotion of temperance or of moral
      purity; as, the White-ribbon Army.

   White rope (Naut.), untarred hemp rope.

   White rot. (Bot.)
      (a) Either of several plants, as marsh pennywort and
          butterwort, which were thought to produce the disease
          called rot in sheep.
      (b) A disease of grapes. See White rot, under Rot.

   White sage (Bot.), a white, woolly undershrub ({Eurotia
      lanata}) of Western North America; -- called also {winter
      fat}.

   White salmon (Zool.), the silver salmon.

   White salt, salt dried and calcined; decrepitated salt.

   White scale (Zool.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus Nerii)
      injurious to the orange tree. See Orange scale, under
      Orange.

   White shark (Zool.), a species of man-eating shark. See
      under Shark.

   White softening. (Med.) See Softening of the brain, under
      Softening.

   White spruce. (Bot.) See Spruce, n., 1.

   White squall (Naut.), a sudden gust of wind, or furious
      blow, which comes up without being marked in its approach
      otherwise than by whitecaps, or white, broken water, on
      the surface of the sea.

   White staff, the badge of the lord high treasurer of
      England. --Macaulay.

   White stork (Zool.), the common European stork.

   White sturgeon. (Zool.) See Shovelnose
      (d) .

   White sucker. (Zool.)
      (a) The common sucker.
      (b) The common red horse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum).

   White swelling (Med.), a chronic swelling of the knee,
      produced by a strumous inflammation of the synovial
      membranes of the kneejoint and of the cancellar texture of
      the end of the bone forming the kneejoint; -- applied also
      to a lingering chronic swelling of almost any kind.

   White tombac. See Tombac.

   White trout (Zool.), the white weakfish, or silver
      squeteague (Cynoscion nothus), of the Southern United
      States.

   White vitriol (Chem.), hydrous sulphate of zinc. See {White
      vitriol}, under Vitriol.

   White wagtail (Zool.), the common, or pied, wagtail.

   White wax, beeswax rendered white by bleaching.

   White whale (Zool.), the beluga.

   White widgeon (Zool.), the smew.

   White wine. any wine of a clear, transparent color,
      bordering on white, as Madeira, sherry, Lisbon, etc.; --
      distinguished from wines of a deep red color, as port and
      Burgundy. "White wine of Lepe." --Chaucer.

   White witch, a witch or wizard whose supernatural powers
      are supposed to be exercised for good and beneficent
      purposes. --Addison. --Cotton Mather.

   White wolf. (Zool.)
      (a) A light-colored wolf (Canis laniger) native of
          Thibet; -- called also chanco, golden wolf, and
          Thibetan wolf.
      (b) The albino variety of the gray wolf.

   White wren (Zool.), the willow warbler; -- so called from
      the color of the under parts.
      [1913 Webster]
      [1913 Webster]
Feedback Form