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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Near \Near\, a. [Compar. Nearer; superl. Nearest.] [See Near, adv.] 1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. "As one near death." --Shak. [1913 Webster] He served great Hector, and was ever near, Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. Closely connected or related. [1913 Webster] She is thy father's near kinswoman. --Lev. xviii. 12. [1913 Webster] 3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, a near friend. [1913 Webster] 4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, a version near to the original. [1913 Webster] 5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow; as, a near escape; a near miss. [1913 Webster] 6. Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, the near ox; the near leg. See Off side, under Off, a. [1913 Webster] 7. Immediate; direct; close; short. "The nearest way." --Milton. [1913 Webster] 8. Close-fisted; parsimonious. [Obs. or Low, Eng.] [1913 Webster] Note: Near may properly be followed by to before the thing approached; but more frequently to is omitted, and the adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition. The same is also true of the word nigh. [1913 Webster] Syn: Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present; ready; intimate; familiar; dear. [1913 Webster]