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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Other \Oth"er\, pron. & a. [AS. [=o][eth]er; akin to OS. [=a][eth]ar, [=o][eth]ar, D. & G. ander, OHG. andar, Icel. annarr, Sw. annan, Dan. anden, Goth. an[thorn]ar, Skr. antara: cf. L. alter; all orig. comparatives: cf. Skr. anya other. [root]180. Cf. Alter.] Usage: [Formerly other was used both as singular and plural.] [1913 Webster] 1. Different from that which, or the one who, has been specified; not the same; not identical; additional; second of two. [1913 Webster] Each of them made other for to win. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. --Matt. v. 39. [1913 Webster] 2. Not this, but the contrary; opposite; as, the other side of a river. [1913 Webster] 3. Alternate; second; -- used esp. in connection with every; as, every other day, that is, each alternate day, every second day. [1913 Webster] 4. Left, as opposed to right. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] A distaff in her other hand she had. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] Note: Other is a correlative adjective, or adjective pronoun, often in contrast with one, some, that, this, etc. The one shall be taken, and the other left. --Matt. xxiv. 41. And some fell among thorns . . . but other fell into good ground. --Matt. xiii. 7, 8. It is also used, by ellipsis, with a noun, expressed or understood. To write this, or to design the other. --Dryden. It is written with the indefinite article as one word, another; is used with each, indicating a reciprocal action or relation; and is employed absolutely, or eliptically for other thing, or other person, in which case it may have a plural. The fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. --Ps. xlix. 10. If he is trimming, others are true. --Thackeray. Other is sometimes followed by but, beside, or besides; but oftener by than. No other but such a one as he. --Coleridge. Other lords beside thee have had dominion over us. --Is. xxvi. 13. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid. --1 Cor. iii. 11. The whole seven years of . . . ignominy had been little other than a preparation for this very hour. --Hawthorne. [1913 Webster] Other some, some others. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] The other day, at a certain time past, not distant, but indefinite; not long ago; recently; rarely, the third day past. [1913 Webster] Bind my hair up: as 't was yesterday? No, nor t' other day. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]