out of hand


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Hand \Hand\ (h[a^]nd), n. [AS. hand, hond; akin to D., G., & Sw.
   hand, OHG. hant, Dan. haand, Icel. h["o]nd, Goth. handus, and
   perh. to Goth. hin[thorn]an to seize (in comp.). Cf. Hunt.]
   1. That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in
      man and monkeys, and the corresponding part in many other
      animals; manus; paw. See Manus.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. That which resembles, or to some extent performs the
      office of, a human hand; as:
      (a) A limb of certain animals, as the foot of a hawk, or
          any one of the four extremities of a monkey.
      (b) An index or pointer on a dial; as, the hour or minute
          hand of a clock.
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   3. A measure equal to a hand's breadth, -- four inches; a
      palm. Chiefly used in measuring the height of horses.
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   4. Side; part; direction, either right or left.
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            On this hand and that hand, were hangings. --Ex.
                                                  xxxviii. 15.
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            The Protestants were then on the winning hand.
                                                  --Milton.
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   5. Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill;
      dexterity.
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            He had a great mind to try his hand at a Spectator.
                                                  --Addison.
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   6. Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence,
      manner of performance.
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            To change the hand in carrying on the war.
                                                  --Clarendon.
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            Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by my
            hand.                                 --Judges vi.
                                                  36.
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   7. An agent; a servant, or laborer; a workman, trained or
      competent for special service or duty; a performer more or
      less skillful; as, a deck hand; a farm hand; an old hand
      at speaking.
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            A dictionary containing a natural history requires
            too many hands, as well as too much time, ever to be
            hoped for.                            --Locke.
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            I was always reckoned a lively hand at a simile.
                                                  --Hazlitt.
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   8. Handwriting; style of penmanship; as, a good, bad, or
      running hand. Hence, a signature.
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            I say she never did invent this letter;
            This is a man's invention and his hand. --Shak.
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            Some writs require a judge's hand.    --Burril.
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   9. Personal possession; ownership; hence, control; direction;
      management; -- usually in the plural. "Receiving in hand
      one year's tribute." --Knolles.
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            Albinus . . . found means to keep in his hands the
            government of Britain.                --Milton.
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   10. Agency in transmission from one person to another; as, to
       buy at first hand, that is, from the producer, or when
       new; at second hand, that is, when no longer in the
       producer's hand, or when not new.
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   11. Rate; price. [Obs.] "Business is bought at a dear hand,
       where there is small dispatch." --Bacon.
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   12. That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once; as:
       (a) (Card Playing) The quota of cards received from the
           dealer.
       (b) (Tobacco Manuf.) A bundle of tobacco leaves tied
           together.
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   13. (Firearms) The small part of a gunstock near the lock,
       which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.
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   Note: Hand is used figuratively for a large variety of acts
         or things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the
         hand is in some way employed or concerned; also, as a
         symbol to denote various qualities or conditions, as:
       (a) Activity; operation; work; -- in distinction from the
           head, which implies thought, and the heart, which
           implies affection. "His hand will be against every
           man." --Gen. xvi. 12.
       (b) Power; might; supremacy; -- often in the Scriptures.
           "With a mighty hand . . . will I rule over you."
           --Ezek. xx. 33.
       (c) Fraternal feeling; as, to give, or take, the hand; to
           give the right hand.
       (d) Contract; -- commonly of marriage; as, to ask the
           hand; to pledge the hand.
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   Note: Hand is often used adjectively or in compounds (with or
         without the hyphen), signifying performed by the hand;
         as, hand blow or hand-blow, hand gripe or hand-gripe:
         used by, or designed for, the hand; as, hand ball or
         handball, hand bow, hand fetter, hand grenade or
         hand-grenade, handgun or hand gun, handloom or hand
         loom, handmill or hand organ or handorgan, handsaw or
         hand saw, hand-weapon: measured or regulated by the
         hand; as, handbreadth or hand's breadth, hand gallop or
         hand-gallop. Most of the words in the following
         paragraph are written either as two words or in
         combination.
         [1913 Webster]

   Hand bag, a satchel; a small bag for carrying books,
      papers, parcels, etc.

   Hand basket, a small or portable basket.

   Hand bell, a small bell rung by the hand; a table bell.
      --Bacon.

   Hand bill, a small pruning hook. See 4th Bill.

   Hand car. See under Car.

   Hand director (Mus.), an instrument to aid in forming a
      good position of the hands and arms when playing on the
      piano; a hand guide.

   Hand drop. See Wrist drop.

   Hand gallop. See under Gallop.

   Hand gear (Mach.), apparatus by means of which a machine,
      or parts of a machine, usually operated by other power,
      may be operated by hand.

   Hand glass.
       (a) A glass or small glazed frame, for the protection of
           plants.
       (b) A small mirror with a handle.

   Hand guide. Same as Hand director (above).

   Hand language, the art of conversing by the hands, esp. as
      practiced by the deaf and dumb; dactylology.

   Hand lathe. See under Lathe.

   Hand money, money paid in hand to bind a contract; earnest
      money.

   Hand organ (Mus.), a barrel organ, operated by a crank
      turned by hand.

   Hand plant. (Bot.) Same as Hand tree (below). -- {Hand
      rail}, a rail, as in staircases, to hold by. --Gwilt.

   Hand sail, a sail managed by the hand. --Sir W. Temple.

   Hand screen, a small screen to be held in the hand.

   Hand screw, a small jack for raising heavy timbers or
      weights; (Carp.) a screw clamp.

   Hand staff (pl. Hand staves), a javelin. --Ezek. xxxix.
      9.

   Hand stamp, a small stamp for dating, addressing, or
      canceling papers, envelopes, etc.

   Hand tree (Bot.), a lofty tree found in Mexico
      (Cheirostemon platanoides), having red flowers whose
      stamens unite in the form of a hand.

   Hand vise, a small vise held in the hand in doing small
      work. --Moxon.

   Hand work, or Handwork, work done with the hands, as
      distinguished from work done by a machine; handiwork.

   All hands, everybody; all parties.

   At all hands, On all hands, on all sides; from every
      direction; generally.

   At any hand, At no hand, in any (or no) way or direction;
      on any account; on no account. "And therefore at no hand
      consisting with the safety and interests of humility."
      --Jer. Taylor.

   At first hand, At second hand. See def. 10 (above).

   At hand.
       (a) Near in time or place; either present and within
           reach, or not far distant. "Your husband is at hand;
           I hear his trumpet." --Shak.
       (b) Under the hand or bridle. [Obs.] "Horses hot at
           hand." --Shak.

   At the hand of, by the act of; as a gift from. "Shall we
      receive good at the hand of God and shall we not receive
      evil?" --Job ii. 10.

   Bridle hand. See under Bridle.

   By hand, with the hands, in distinction from
      instrumentality of tools, engines, or animals; as, to weed
      a garden by hand; to lift, draw, or carry by hand.

   Clean hands, freedom from guilt, esp. from the guilt of
      dishonesty in money matters, or of bribe taking. "He that
      hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger." --Job
      xvii. 9.

   From hand to hand, from one person to another.

   Hand in hand.
       (a) In union; conjointly; unitedly. --Swift.
       (b) Just; fair; equitable.

                 As fair and as good, a kind of hand in hand
                 comparison.                      --Shak.
           

   Hand over hand, Hand over fist, by passing the hands
      alternately one before or above another; as, to climb hand
      over hand; also, rapidly; as, to come up with a chase hand
      over hand.

   Hand over head, negligently; rashly; without seeing what
      one does. [Obs.] --Bacon.

   Hand running, consecutively; as, he won ten times hand
      running.

   Hands off! keep off! forbear! no interference or meddling!
      

   Hand to hand, in close union; in close fight; as, a hand to
      hand contest. --Dryden.

   Heavy hand, severity or oppression.

   In hand.
       (a) Paid down. "A considerable reward in hand, and . . .
           a far greater reward hereafter." --Tillotson.
       (b) In preparation; taking place. --Chaucer. "Revels . .
           . in hand." --Shak.
       (c) Under consideration, or in the course of transaction;
           as, he has the business in hand.

   In one's hand or In one's hands.
       (a) In one's possession or keeping.
       (b) At one's risk, or peril; as, I took my life in my
           hand.

   Laying on of hands, a form used in consecrating to office,
      in the rite of confirmation, and in blessing persons.

   Light hand, gentleness; moderation.

   Note of hand, a promissory note.

   Off hand, Out of hand, forthwith; without delay,
      hesitation, or difficulty; promptly. "She causeth them to
      be hanged up out of hand." --Spenser.

   Off one's hands, out of one's possession or care.

   On hand, in present possession; as, he has a supply of
      goods on hand.

   On one's hands, in one's possession care, or management.

   Putting the hand under the thigh, an ancient Jewish
      ceremony used in swearing.

   Right hand, the place of honor, power, and strength.

   Slack hand, idleness; carelessness; inefficiency; sloth.

   Strict hand, severe discipline; rigorous government.

   To bear a hand (Naut.), to give help quickly; to hasten.

   To bear in hand, to keep in expectation with false
      pretenses. [Obs.] --Shak.

   To be hand and glove with or To be hand in glove with.
      See under Glove.

   To be on the mending hand, to be convalescent or improving.
      

   To bring up by hand, to feed (an infant) without suckling
      it.

   To change hand. See Change.

   To change hands, to change sides, or change owners.
      --Hudibras.

   To clap the hands, to express joy or applause, as by
      striking the palms of the hands together.

   To come to hand, to be received; to be taken into
      possession; as, the letter came to hand yesterday.

   To get hand, to gain influence. [Obs.]

            Appetites have . . . got such a hand over them.
                                                  --Baxter.

   To get one's hand in, to make a beginning in a certain
      work; to become accustomed to a particular business.

   To have a hand in, to be concerned in; to have a part or
      concern in doing; to have an agency or be employed in.

   To have in hand.
       (a) To have in one's power or control. --Chaucer.
       (b) To be engaged upon or occupied with.

   To have one's hands full, to have in hand all that one can
      do, or more than can be done conveniently; to be pressed
      with labor or engagements; to be surrounded with
      difficulties.

   To have the (higher) upper hand, or {To get the (higher)
   upper hand}, to have, or get, the better of another person or
      thing.

   To his hand, To my hand, etc., in readiness; already
      prepared. "The work is made to his hands." --Locke.

   To hold hand, to compete successfully or on even
      conditions. [Obs.] --Shak.

   To lay hands on, to seize; to assault.

   To lend a hand, to give assistance.

   To lift the hand against, or {To put forth the hand
   against}, to attack; to oppose; to kill.

   To live from hand to mouth, to obtain food and other
      necessaries as want compels, without previous provision.
      

   To make one's hand, to gain advantage or profit.

   To put the hand unto, to steal. --Ex. xxii. 8.

   To put the last hand to or To put the finishing hand to,
      to make the last corrections in; to complete; to perfect.
      

   To set the hand to, to engage in; to undertake.

            That the Lord thy God may bless thee in all that
            thou settest thine hand to.           --Deut. xxiii.
                                                  20.

   To stand one in hand, to concern or affect one.

   To strike hands, to make a contract, or to become surety
      for another's debt or good behavior.

   To take in hand.
       (a) To attempt or undertake.
       (b) To seize and deal with; as, he took him in hand.

   To wash the hands of, to disclaim or renounce interest in,
      or responsibility for, a person or action; as, to wash
      one's hands of a business. --Matt. xxvii. 24.

   Under the hand of, authenticated by the handwriting or
      signature of; as, the deed is executed under the hand and
      seal of the owner.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Out \Out\ (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and
   [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G.
   aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr.
   ud. [root]198. Cf. About, But, prep., Carouse, Utter,
   a.]
   In its original and strict sense, out means from the interior
   of something; beyond the limits or boundary of somethings; in
   a position or relation which is exterior to something; --
   opposed to in or into. The something may be expressed
   after of, from, etc. (see Out of, below); or, if not
   expressed, it is implied; as, he is out; or, he is out of the
   house, office, business, etc.; he came out; or, he came out
   from the ship, meeting, sect, party, etc. Out is used in a
   variety of applications, as: 
   [1913 Webster]

   1. Away; abroad; off; from home, or from a certain, or a
      usual, place; not in; not in a particular, or a usual,
      place; as, the proprietor is out, his team was taken out.
      Opposite of in. "My shoulder blade is out." --Shak.
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            He hath been out (of the country) nine years.
                                                  --Shak.
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   2. Beyond the limits of concealment, confinement, privacy,
      constraint, etc., actual or figurative; hence, not in
      concealment, constraint, etc., in, or into, a state of
      freedom, openness, disclosure, publicity, etc.; a matter
      of public knowledge; as, the sun shines out; he laughed
      out, to be out at the elbows; the secret has leaked out,
      or is out; the disease broke out on his face; the book is
      out.
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            Leaves are out and perfect in a month. --Bacon.
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            She has not been out [in general society] very long.
                                                  --H. James.
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   3. Beyond the limit of existence, continuance, or supply; to
      the end; completely; hence, in, or into, a condition of
      extinction, exhaustion, completion; as, the fuel, or the
      fire, has burned out; that style is on the way out. "Hear
      me out." --Dryden.
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            Deceitful men shall not live out half their days.
                                                  --Ps. iv. 23.
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            When the butt is out, we will drink water. --Shak.
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   4. Beyond possession, control, or occupation; hence, in, or
      into, a state of want, loss, or deprivation; -- used of
      office, business, property, knowledge, etc.; as, the
      Democrats went out and the Whigs came in; he put his money
      out at interest. "Land that is out at rack rent." --Locke.
      "He was out fifty pounds." --Bp. Fell.
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            I have forgot my part, and I am out.  --Shak.
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   5. Beyond the bounds of what is true, reasonable, correct,
      proper, common, etc.; in error or mistake; in a wrong or
      incorrect position or opinion; in a state of disagreement,
      opposition, etc.; in an inharmonious relation. "Lancelot
      and I are out." --Shak.
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            Wicked men are strangely out in the calculating of
            their own interest.                   --South.
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            Very seldom out, in these his guesses. --Addison.
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   6. Not in the position to score in playing a game; not in the
      state or turn of the play for counting or gaining scores.
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   7. Out of fashion; unfashionable; no longer in current vogue;
      unpopular.
      [PJC]

   Note: Out is largely used in composition as a prefix, with
         the same significations that it has as a separate word;
         as outbound, outbreak, outbuilding, outcome, outdo,
         outdoor, outfield. See also the first Note under
         Over, adv.
         [1913 Webster]

   Day in, day out, from the beginning to the limit of each of
      several days; day by day; every day.

   Out at, Out in, Out on, etc., elliptical phrases, that
      to which out refers as a source, origin, etc., being
      omitted; as, out (of the house and) at the barn; out (of
      the house, road, fields, etc., and) in the woods.

            Three fishers went sailing out into the west,
            Out into the west, as the sun went down. --C.
                                                  Kingsley.

   Note: In these lines after out may be understood, "of the
         harbor," "from the shore," "of sight," or some similar
         phrase. The complete construction is seen in the
         saying: "Out of the frying pan into the fire."

   Out from, a construction similar to out of (below). See
      Of and From.

   Out of, a phrase which may be considered either as composed
      of an adverb and a preposition, each having its
      appropriate office in the sentence, or as a compound
      preposition. Considered as a preposition, it denotes, with
      verbs of movement or action, from the interior of; beyond
      the limit: from; hence, origin, source, motive, departure,
      separation, loss, etc.; -- opposed to in or into; also
      with verbs of being, the state of being derived, removed,
      or separated from. Examples may be found in the phrases
      below, and also under Vocabulary words; as, out of breath;
      out of countenance.

   Out of cess, beyond measure, excessively. --Shak.

   Out of character, unbecoming; improper.

   Out of conceit with, not pleased with. See under Conceit.
      

   Out of date, not timely; unfashionable; antiquated.

   Out of door, Out of doors, beyond the doors; from the
      house; not inside a building; in, or into, the open air;
      hence, figuratively, shut out; dismissed. See under
      Door, also, Out-of-door, Outdoor, Outdoors, in the
      Vocabulary. "He 's quality, and the question's out of
      door," --Dryden.

   Out of favor, disliked; under displeasure.

   Out of frame, not in correct order or condition; irregular;
      disarranged. --Latimer.

   Out of hand, immediately; without delay or preparation;
      without hesitation or debate; as, to dismiss a suggestion
      out of hand. "Ananias . . . fell down and died out of
      hand." --Latimer.

   Out of harm's way, beyond the danger limit; in a safe
      place.

   Out of joint, not in proper connection or adjustment;
      unhinged; disordered. "The time is out of joint." --Shak.

   Out of mind, not in mind; forgotten; also, beyond the limit
      of memory; as, time out of mind.

   Out of one's head, beyond commanding one's mental powers;
      in a wandering state mentally; delirious. [Colloq.]

   Out of one's time, beyond one's period of minority or
      apprenticeship.

   Out of order, not in proper order; disarranged; in
      confusion.

   Out of place, not in the usual or proper place; hence, not
      proper or becoming.

   Out of pocket, in a condition of having expended or lost
      more money than one has received.

   Out of print, not in market, the edition printed being
      exhausted; -- said of books, pamphlets, etc.

   Out of the question, beyond the limits or range of
      consideration; impossible to be favorably considered.

   Out of reach, beyond one's reach; inaccessible.

   Out of season, not in a proper season or time; untimely;
      inopportune.

   Out of sorts, wanting certain things; unsatisfied; unwell;
      unhappy; cross. See under Sort, n.

   Out of temper, not in good temper; irritated; angry.

   Out of time, not in proper time; too soon, or too late.

   Out of time, not in harmony; discordant; hence, not in an
      agreeing temper; fretful.

   Out of twist, Out of winding, or Out of wind, not in
      warped condition; perfectly plain and smooth; -- said of
      surfaces.

   Out of use, not in use; unfashionable; obsolete.

   Out of the way.
      (a) On one side; hard to reach or find; secluded.
      (b) Improper; unusual; wrong.

   Out of the woods, not in a place, or state, of obscurity or
      doubt; free from difficulty or perils; safe. [Colloq.]

   Out to out, from one extreme limit to another, including
      the whole length, breadth, or thickness; -- applied to
      measurements.

   Out West, in or towards, the West; specifically, in some
      Western State or Territory. [U. S.]

   To come out, To cut out, To fall out, etc. See under
      Come, Cut, Fall, etc.

   To make out See to make out under make, v. t. and v.
      i..

   To put out of the way, to kill; to destroy.

   Week in, week out. See Day in, day out (above).
      [1913 Webster]
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