out of joint


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Out \Out\ (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and
   [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G.
   aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr.
   ud. [root]198. Cf. About, But, prep., Carouse, Utter,
   a.]
   In its original and strict sense, out means from the interior
   of something; beyond the limits or boundary of somethings; in
   a position or relation which is exterior to something; --
   opposed to in or into. The something may be expressed
   after of, from, etc. (see Out of, below); or, if not
   expressed, it is implied; as, he is out; or, he is out of the
   house, office, business, etc.; he came out; or, he came out
   from the ship, meeting, sect, party, etc. Out is used in a
   variety of applications, as: 
   [1913 Webster]

   1. Away; abroad; off; from home, or from a certain, or a
      usual, place; not in; not in a particular, or a usual,
      place; as, the proprietor is out, his team was taken out.
      Opposite of in. "My shoulder blade is out." --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            He hath been out (of the country) nine years.
                                                  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Beyond the limits of concealment, confinement, privacy,
      constraint, etc., actual or figurative; hence, not in
      concealment, constraint, etc., in, or into, a state of
      freedom, openness, disclosure, publicity, etc.; a matter
      of public knowledge; as, the sun shines out; he laughed
      out, to be out at the elbows; the secret has leaked out,
      or is out; the disease broke out on his face; the book is
      out.
      [1913 Webster]

            Leaves are out and perfect in a month. --Bacon.
      [1913 Webster]

            She has not been out [in general society] very long.
                                                  --H. James.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Beyond the limit of existence, continuance, or supply; to
      the end; completely; hence, in, or into, a condition of
      extinction, exhaustion, completion; as, the fuel, or the
      fire, has burned out; that style is on the way out. "Hear
      me out." --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

            Deceitful men shall not live out half their days.
                                                  --Ps. iv. 23.
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            When the butt is out, we will drink water. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Beyond possession, control, or occupation; hence, in, or
      into, a state of want, loss, or deprivation; -- used of
      office, business, property, knowledge, etc.; as, the
      Democrats went out and the Whigs came in; he put his money
      out at interest. "Land that is out at rack rent." --Locke.
      "He was out fifty pounds." --Bp. Fell.
      [1913 Webster]

            I have forgot my part, and I am out.  --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Beyond the bounds of what is true, reasonable, correct,
      proper, common, etc.; in error or mistake; in a wrong or
      incorrect position or opinion; in a state of disagreement,
      opposition, etc.; in an inharmonious relation. "Lancelot
      and I are out." --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            Wicked men are strangely out in the calculating of
            their own interest.                   --South.
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            Very seldom out, in these his guesses. --Addison.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Not in the position to score in playing a game; not in the
      state or turn of the play for counting or gaining scores.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. Out of fashion; unfashionable; no longer in current vogue;
      unpopular.
      [PJC]

   Note: Out is largely used in composition as a prefix, with
         the same significations that it has as a separate word;
         as outbound, outbreak, outbuilding, outcome, outdo,
         outdoor, outfield. See also the first Note under
         Over, adv.
         [1913 Webster]

   Day in, day out, from the beginning to the limit of each of
      several days; day by day; every day.

   Out at, Out in, Out on, etc., elliptical phrases, that
      to which out refers as a source, origin, etc., being
      omitted; as, out (of the house and) at the barn; out (of
      the house, road, fields, etc., and) in the woods.

            Three fishers went sailing out into the west,
            Out into the west, as the sun went down. --C.
                                                  Kingsley.

   Note: In these lines after out may be understood, "of the
         harbor," "from the shore," "of sight," or some similar
         phrase. The complete construction is seen in the
         saying: "Out of the frying pan into the fire."

   Out from, a construction similar to out of (below). See
      Of and From.

   Out of, a phrase which may be considered either as composed
      of an adverb and a preposition, each having its
      appropriate office in the sentence, or as a compound
      preposition. Considered as a preposition, it denotes, with
      verbs of movement or action, from the interior of; beyond
      the limit: from; hence, origin, source, motive, departure,
      separation, loss, etc.; -- opposed to in or into; also
      with verbs of being, the state of being derived, removed,
      or separated from. Examples may be found in the phrases
      below, and also under Vocabulary words; as, out of breath;
      out of countenance.

   Out of cess, beyond measure, excessively. --Shak.

   Out of character, unbecoming; improper.

   Out of conceit with, not pleased with. See under Conceit.
      

   Out of date, not timely; unfashionable; antiquated.

   Out of door, Out of doors, beyond the doors; from the
      house; not inside a building; in, or into, the open air;
      hence, figuratively, shut out; dismissed. See under
      Door, also, Out-of-door, Outdoor, Outdoors, in the
      Vocabulary. "He 's quality, and the question's out of
      door," --Dryden.

   Out of favor, disliked; under displeasure.

   Out of frame, not in correct order or condition; irregular;
      disarranged. --Latimer.

   Out of hand, immediately; without delay or preparation;
      without hesitation or debate; as, to dismiss a suggestion
      out of hand. "Ananias . . . fell down and died out of
      hand." --Latimer.

   Out of harm's way, beyond the danger limit; in a safe
      place.

   Out of joint, not in proper connection or adjustment;
      unhinged; disordered. "The time is out of joint." --Shak.

   Out of mind, not in mind; forgotten; also, beyond the limit
      of memory; as, time out of mind.

   Out of one's head, beyond commanding one's mental powers;
      in a wandering state mentally; delirious. [Colloq.]

   Out of one's time, beyond one's period of minority or
      apprenticeship.

   Out of order, not in proper order; disarranged; in
      confusion.

   Out of place, not in the usual or proper place; hence, not
      proper or becoming.

   Out of pocket, in a condition of having expended or lost
      more money than one has received.

   Out of print, not in market, the edition printed being
      exhausted; -- said of books, pamphlets, etc.

   Out of the question, beyond the limits or range of
      consideration; impossible to be favorably considered.

   Out of reach, beyond one's reach; inaccessible.

   Out of season, not in a proper season or time; untimely;
      inopportune.

   Out of sorts, wanting certain things; unsatisfied; unwell;
      unhappy; cross. See under Sort, n.

   Out of temper, not in good temper; irritated; angry.

   Out of time, not in proper time; too soon, or too late.

   Out of time, not in harmony; discordant; hence, not in an
      agreeing temper; fretful.

   Out of twist, Out of winding, or Out of wind, not in
      warped condition; perfectly plain and smooth; -- said of
      surfaces.

   Out of use, not in use; unfashionable; obsolete.

   Out of the way.
      (a) On one side; hard to reach or find; secluded.
      (b) Improper; unusual; wrong.

   Out of the woods, not in a place, or state, of obscurity or
      doubt; free from difficulty or perils; safe. [Colloq.]

   Out to out, from one extreme limit to another, including
      the whole length, breadth, or thickness; -- applied to
      measurements.

   Out West, in or towards, the West; specifically, in some
      Western State or Territory. [U. S.]

   To come out, To cut out, To fall out, etc. See under
      Come, Cut, Fall, etc.

   To make out See to make out under make, v. t. and v.
      i..

   To put out of the way, to kill; to destroy.

   Week in, week out. See Day in, day out (above).
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Joint \Joint\ (joint), n. [F. joint, fr. joindre, p. p. joint.
   See Join.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. The place or part where two things or parts are joined or
      united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces
      admitting of a close-fitting or junction; junction; as, a
      joint between two pieces of timber; a joint in a pipe.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. A joining of two things or parts so as to admit of motion;
      an articulation, whether movable or not; a hinge; as, the
      knee joint; a node or joint of a stem; a ball and socket
      joint. See Articulation.
      [1913 Webster]

            A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel,
            Must glove this hand.                 --Shak.
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            To tear thee joint by joint.          --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. The part or space included between two joints, knots,
      nodes, or articulations; as, a joint of cane or of a grass
      stem; a joint of the leg.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Any one of the large pieces of meat, as cut into portions
      by the butcher for roasting.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. (Geol.) A plane of fracture, or divisional plane, of a
      rock transverse to the stratification.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. (Arch.) The space between the adjacent surfaces of two
      bodies joined and held together, as by means of cement,
      mortar, etc.; as, a thin joint.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. The means whereby the meeting surfaces of pieces in a
      structure are secured together.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. [Jag a notch.] A projecting or retreating part in
      something; any irregularity of line or surface, as in a
      wall. [Now Chiefly U. S.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   9. (Theaters) A narrow piece of scenery used to join together
      two flats or wings of an interior setting.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   10. a disreputable establishment, or a place of low resort,
       as for smoking opium; -- also used for a commercial
       establishment, implying a less than impeccable
       reputation, but often in jest; as, talking about a
       high-class joint is an oxymoron. [Slang]
       [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

   11. a marijuana cigarette. [Slang]
       [PJC]

   12. prison; -- used with "the". [Slang] " he spent five years
       in the joint."
       [PJC]

   Coursing joint (Masonry), the mortar joint between two
      courses of bricks or stones.

   Fish joint, Miter joint, Universal joint, etc. See
      under Fish, Miter, etc.

   Joint bolt, a bolt for fastening two pieces, as of wood,
      one endwise to the other, having a nut embedded in one of
      the pieces.

   Joint chair (Railroad), the chair that supports the ends of
      abutting rails.

   Joint coupling, a universal joint for coupling shafting.
      See under Universal.

   Joint hinge, a hinge having long leaves; a strap hinge.

   Joint splice, a re["e]nforce at a joint, to sustain the
      parts in their true relation.

   Joint stool.
       (a) A stool consisting of jointed parts; a folding stool.
           --Shak.
       (b) A block for supporting the end of a piece at a joint;
           a joint chair.

   Out of joint, out of place; dislocated, as when the head of
      a bone slips from its socket; hence, not working well
      together; disordered. "The time is out of joint." --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]
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