pelias berus


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Adder \Ad"der\, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. n[ae]dre,
   adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger.
   natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. na[eth]r, masc., na[eth]ra, fem.:
   cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water
   snake. An adder is for a nadder.]
   1. A serpent. [Obs.] "The eddre seide to the woman."
      --Wyclif. Gen. iii. 4. )
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Zool.)
      (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The
          common European adder is the Vipera berus or {Pelias
          berus}. The puff adders of Africa are species of
          Clotho.
      (b) In America, the term is commonly applied to several
          harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder,
          etc.
      (c) Same as Sea Adder.
          [1913 Webster]

   Note: In the sculptures the appellation is given to several
         venomous serpents, -- sometimes to the horned viper
         (Cerastles).
         [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

viper \vi"per\ (v[imac]"p[~e]r), n. [F. vip[`e]re, L. vipera,
   probably contr. fr. vivipera; vivus alive + parere to bring
   forth, because it was believed to be the only serpent that
   brings forth living young. Cf. Quick, a., Parent,
   Viviparous, Wivern, Weever.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Old World venomous
      snakes belonging to Vipera, Clotho, Daboia, and
      other genera of the family Viperidae.
      [1913 Webster]

            There came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on
            his hand.                             --Acts xxviii.
                                                  3.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: Among the best-known species are the European adder
         (Pelias berus), the European asp (Vipera aspis),
         the African horned viper (Vipera cerastes), and the
         Indian viper (Daboia Russellii).
         [1913 Webster]

   2. A dangerous, treacherous, or malignant person.
      [1913 Webster]

            Who committed
            To such a viper his most sacred trust
            Of secrecy.                           --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Loosely, any venomous or presumed venomous snake.
      [PJC]

   Horned viper. (Zool.) See Cerastes.

   Red viper (Zool.), the copperhead.

   Viper fish (Zool.), a small, slender, phosphorescent
      deep-sea fish (Chauliodus Sloanii). It has long ventral
      and dorsal fins, a large mouth, and very long, sharp
      teeth.

   Viper's bugloss (Bot.), a rough-leaved biennial herb
      (Echium vulgare) having showy purplish blue flowers. It
      is sometimes cultivated, but has become a pestilent weed
      in fields from New York to Virginia. Also called {blue
      weed}.

   Viper's grass (Bot.), a perennial composite herb
      (Scorzonera Hispanica) with narrow, entire leaves, and
      solitary heads of yellow flowers. The long, white,
      carrot-shaped roots are used for food in Spain and some
      other countries. Called also viper grass.
      [1913 Webster]
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