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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Persian \Per"sian\, a. [From Persia: cf. It. Persiano. Cf. Parsee, Peach, Persic.] Of or pertaining to Persia, to the Persians, or to their language. [1913 Webster] Persian berry, the fruit of Rhamnus infectorius, a kind of buckthorn, used for dyeing yellow, and imported chiefly from Trebizond. Persian cat. (Zool.) Same as Angora cat, under Angora. Persian columns (Arch.), columns of which the shaft represents a Persian slave; -- called also Persians. See Atlantes. Persian drill (Mech.), a drill which is turned by pushing a nut back and forth along a spirally grooved drill holder. Persian fire (Med.), malignant pustule. Persian powder. See Insect powder, under Insect. Persian red. See Indian red (a), under Indian. Persian wheel, a noria; a tympanum. See Noria. [1913 Webster]