pinus sylvestris


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Pine \Pine\, n. [AS. p[imac]n, L. pinus.]
   1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus. See
      Pinus.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: There are about twenty-eight species in the United
         States, of which the white pine (Pinus Strobus),
         the Georgia pine (Pinus australis), the red pine
         (Pinus resinosa), and the great West Coast {sugar
         pine} (Pinus Lambertiana) are among the most
         valuable. The Scotch pine or fir, also called
         Norway or Riga pine (Pinus sylvestris), is the
         only British species. The nut pine is any pine tree,
         or species of pine, which bears large edible seeds. See
         Pinon.
         [1913 Webster] The spruces, firs, larches, and true
         cedars, though formerly considered pines, are now
         commonly assigned to other genera.
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   2. The wood of the pine tree.
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   3. A pineapple.
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   Ground pine. (Bot.) See under Ground.

   Norfolk Island pine (Bot.), a beautiful coniferous tree,
      the Araucaria excelsa.

   Pine barren, a tract of infertile land which is covered
      with pines. [Southern U.S.]

   Pine borer (Zool.), any beetle whose larv[ae] bore into
      pine trees.

   Pine finch. (Zool.) See Pinefinch, in the Vocabulary.

   Pine grosbeak (Zool.), a large grosbeak ({Pinicola
      enucleator}), which inhabits the northern parts of both
      hemispheres. The adult male is more or less tinged with
      red.

   Pine lizard (Zool.), a small, very active, mottled gray
      lizard (Sceloporus undulatus), native of the Middle
      States; -- called also swift, brown scorpion, and
      alligator.

   Pine marten. (Zool.)
      (a) A European weasel (Mustela martes), called also
          sweet marten, and yellow-breasted marten.
      (b) The American sable. See Sable.

   Pine moth (Zool.), any one of several species of small
      tortricid moths of the genus Retinia, whose larv[ae]
      burrow in the ends of the branchlets of pine trees, often
      doing great damage.

   Pine mouse (Zool.), an American wild mouse ({Arvicola
      pinetorum}), native of the Middle States. It lives in pine
      forests.

   Pine needle (Bot.), one of the slender needle-shaped leaves
      of a pine tree. See Pinus.

   Pine-needle wool. See Pine wool (below).

   Pine oil, an oil resembling turpentine, obtained from fir
      and pine trees, and used in making varnishes and colors.
      

   Pine snake (Zool.), a large harmless North American snake
      (Pituophis melanoleucus). It is whitish, covered with
      brown blotches having black margins. Called also {bull
      snake}. The Western pine snake (Pituophis Sayi) is
      chestnut-brown, mottled with black and orange.

   Pine tree (Bot.), a tree of the genus Pinus; pine.

   Pine-tree money, money coined in Massachusetts in the
      seventeenth century, and so called from its bearing a
      figure of a pine tree. The most noted variety is the {pine
      tree shilling}.

   Pine weevil (Zool.), any one of numerous species of weevils
      whose larv[ae] bore in the wood of pine trees. Several
      species are known in both Europe and America, belonging to
      the genera Pissodes, Hylobius, etc.

   Pine wool, a fiber obtained from pine needles by steaming
      them. It is prepared on a large scale in some of the
      Southern United States, and has many uses in the economic
      arts; -- called also pine-needle wool, and {pine-wood
      wool}.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Riga fir \Ri"ga fir`\, [So called from Riga, a city in Russia.]
   (Bot.)
   A species of pine (Pinus sylvestris), and its wood, which
   affords a valuable timber; -- called also Scotch pine, and
   red deal or yellow deal. It grows in all parts of Europe,
   in the Caucasus, and in Siberia.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sylvic \Syl"vic\, a. (Chem.)
   Of, pertaining to, or resembling, pine or its products;
   specifically, designating an acid called also abeitic acid,
   which is the chief ingredient of common resin (obtained from
   Pinus sylvestris, and other species).
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vegetable \Veg`e*ta*ble\, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing,
   capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable,
   from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven,
   invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active,
   vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be
   lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E.
   wake, v. See Vigil, Wake, v.]
   [1913 Webster]
   1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or
      produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable
      growths, juices, etc.
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            Blooming ambrosial fruit
            Of vegetable gold.                    --Milton.
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   2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable
      kingdom.
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   Vegetable alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid.

   Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.) See Vegetable sulphur, below.
      

   Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of several kinds of
      concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian
      butter tree, the African shea tree, and the {Pentadesma
      butyracea}, a tree of the order Guttiferae, also
      African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of
      cocoa (Theobroma).

   Vegetable flannel, a textile material, manufactured in
      Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained
      from the leaves of the Pinus sylvestris.

   Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory.

   Vegetable jelly. See Pectin.

   Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.
      

   Vegetable leather.
      (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia
          punicea}), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts.
      (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather.

   Vegetable marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly
      eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender
      quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable
      in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but
      is now thought to have been derived from a form of the
      American pumpkin.

   Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under
      Oyster.

   Vegetable parchment, papyrine.

   Vegetable sheep (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia
      eximia}) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large
      fleecy cushions on the mountains.

   Vegetable silk, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained
      from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree
      (Chorisia speciosa). It is used for various purposes, as
      for stuffing cushions, and the like, but is incapable of
      being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the
      fibers.

   Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof.

   Vegetable sulphur, the fine and highly inflammable spores
      of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum); witch meal.

   Vegetable tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
      from various plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow,
      obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. {Indian
      vegetable tallow} is a name sometimes given to piney
      tallow.

   Vegetable wax, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of
      certain plants, as the bayberry.
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   Vegetable kingdom (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of
      living things which includes all plants. The classes of
      the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by
      various botanists. The following is one of the best of the
      many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.
      [1913 Webster] I. Phaenogamia (called also
      Phanerogamia). Plants having distinct flowers and true
      seeds. [ 1. Dicotyledons (called also Exogens). --
      Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith,
      woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided
      into two subclasses: Angiosperms, having the woody fiber
      interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seeds
      contained in a true ovary; Gymnosperms, having few or no
      ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2.
      Monocotyledons (called also Endogens). -- Seeds with
      single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody
      fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.]
      [1913 Webster] II. Cryptogamia. Plants without true
      flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds,
      or by simple cell division. [ 1. Acrogens. -- Plants
      usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two
      alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and
      sporophoric, the other sexual and oophoric. Divided into
      Vascular Acrogens, or Pteridophyta, having the
      sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of
      vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and
      Cellular Acrogens, or Bryophyta, having the sexual
      plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue,
      as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. Thallogens. -- Plants
      without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple
      or branched mass of cellular tissue, or reduced to a
      single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into
      Algae, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and
      which live upon air and water, and Fungi, which contain
      no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are
      now believed to be fungi parasitic on included algae.]
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   Note: Many botanists divide the Phaenogamia primarily into
         Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into
         Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider
         Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes.
         Thallogens are variously divided by different writers,
         and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts
         are altogether uncertain.
         [1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the
         Vocabulary.
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