position


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Position \Po*si"tion\, n. [F. position, L. positio, fr. ponere,
   positum, to put, place; prob. for posino, fr. an old
   preposition used only in comp. (akin to Gr. ?) + sinere to
   leave, let, permit, place. See Site, and cf. Composite,
   Compound, v., Depone, Deposit, Expound, Impostor,
   Opposite, Propound, Pose, v., Posit, Post, n.]
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   1. The state of being posited, or placed; the manner in which
      anything is placed; attitude; condition; as, a firm, an
      inclined, or an upright position.
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            We have different prospects of the same thing,
            according to our different positions to it. --Locke.
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   2. The spot where a person or thing is placed or takes a
      place; site; place; station; situation; as, the position
      of man in creation; the fleet changed its position.
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   3. Hence: The ground which any one takes in an argument or
      controversy; the point of view from which any one proceeds
      to a discussion; also, a principle laid down as the basis
      of reasoning; a proposition; a thesis; as, to define one's
      position; to appear in a false position.
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            Let not the proof of any position depend on the
            positions that follow, but always on those which go
            before.                               --I. Watts.
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   4. Relative place or standing; social or official rank; as, a
      person of position; hence, office; post; as, to lose one's
      position.
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   5. (Arith.) A method of solving a problem by one or two
      suppositions; -- called also the {rule of trial and
      error}.
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   Angle of position (Astron.), the angle which any line (as
      that joining two stars) makes with another fixed line,
      specifically with a circle of declination.

   Double position (Arith.), the method of solving problems by
      proceeding with each of two assumed numbers, according to
      the conditions of the problem, and by comparing the
      difference of the results with those of the numbers,
      deducing the correction to be applied to one of them to
      obtain the true result.

   Guns of position (Mil.), heavy fieldpieces, not designed
      for quick movements.

   Position finder (Mil.), a range finder. See under Range.
      

   Position micrometer, a micrometer applied to the tube of an
      astronomical telescope for measuring angles of position in
      the field of view.

   Single position (Arith.), the method of solving problems,
      in which the result obtained by operating with an assumed
      number is to the true result as the number assumed is to
      the number required.

   Strategic position (Mil.), a position taken up by an army
      or a large detachment of troops for the purpose of
      checking or observing an opposing force.
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   Syn: Situation; station; place; condition; attitude; posture;
        proposition; assertion; thesis.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Position \Po*si"tion\, v. t.
   To indicate the position of; to place. [R.] --Encyc. Brit.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Angle \An"gle\ ([a^][ng]"g'l), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle,
   corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. 'agky`los bent, crooked,
   angular, 'a`gkos a bend or hollow, AS. angel hook, fish-hook,
   G. angel, and F. anchor.]
   1. The inclosed space near the point where two lines meet; a
      corner; a nook.
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            Into the utmost angle of the world.   --Spenser.
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            To search the tenderest angles of the heart.
                                                  --Milton.
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   2. (Geom.)
      (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet.
      (b) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines
          meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
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   3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
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            Though but an angle reached him of the stone.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological
      "houses." [Obs.] --Chaucer.
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   5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish,
      consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a
      rod.
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            Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there.
                                                  --Shak.
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            A fisher next his trembling angle bears. --Pope.
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   Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than
      90[deg].

   Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg
      common to both angles.

   Alternate angles. See Alternate.

   Angle bar.
      (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces of
          a polygonal or bay window meet. --Knight.
      (b) (Mach.) Same as Angle iron.

   Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or fixed to the angle
      of any architectural work, esp. for protecting an angle of
      a wall.

   Angle brace, Angle tie (Carp.), a brace across an
      interior angle of a wooden frame, forming the hypothenuse
      and securing the two side pieces together. --Knight.

   Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or plate of iron having
      one or more angles, used for forming the corners, or
      connecting or sustaining the sides of an iron structure to
      which it is riveted.

   Angle leaf (Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or
      less conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to
      strengthen an angle.

   Angle meter, an instrument for measuring angles, esp. for
      ascertaining the dip of strata.

   Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a
      capital or base, or both.

   Curvilineal angle, one formed by two curved lines.

   External angles, angles formed by the sides of any
      right-lined figure, when the sides are produced or
      lengthened.

   Facial angle. See under Facial.

   Internal angles, those which are within any right-lined
      figure.

   Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved
      line.

   Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to a
      right angle.

   Obtuse angle, one greater than a right angle, or more than
      90[deg].

   Optic angle. See under Optic.

   Rectilineal or Right-lined angle, one formed by two right
      lines.

   Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on another
      perpendicularly, or an angle of 90[deg] (measured by a
      quarter circle).

   Solid angle, the figure formed by the meeting of three or
      more plane angles at one point.

   Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of
      great circles, which mutually cut one another on the
      surface of a globe or sphere.

   Visual angle, the angle formed by two rays of light, or two
      straight lines drawn from the extreme points of an object
      to the center of the eye.

   For Angles of commutation, draught, incidence,
   reflection, refraction, position, repose, fraction,
      see Commutation, Draught, Incidence, Reflection,
      Refraction, etc.
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