From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Private \Pri"vate\ (?; 48), a. [L. privatus apart from the
   state, peculiar to an individual, private, properly p. p. of
   privare to bereave, deprive, originally, to separate, fr.
   privus single, private, perhaps originally, put forward
   (hence, alone, single) and akin to prae before. See Prior,
   a., and cf. Deprive, Privy, a.]
   1. Belonging to, or concerning, an individual person,
      company, or interest; peculiar to one's self; unconnected
      with others; personal; one's own; not public; not general;
      separate; as, a man's private opinion; private property; a
      private purse; private expenses or interests; a private
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   2. Sequestered from company or observation; appropriated to
      an individual; secret; secluded; lonely; solitary; as, a
      private room or apartment; private prayer.
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            Reason . . . then retires
            Into her private cell when nature rests. --Milton.
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   3. Not invested with, or engaged in, public office or
      employment; as, a private citizen; private life. --Shak.
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            A private person may arrest a felon.  --Blackstone.
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   4. Not publicly known; not open; secret; as, a private
      negotiation; a private understanding.
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   5. Having secret or private knowledge; privy. [Obs.]
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   Private act or Private statute, a statute exclusively for
      the settlement of private and personal interests, of which
      courts do not take judicial notice; -- opposed to a
      general law, which operates on the whole community. In
      the United States Congress, similar private acts are
      referred to as private law and a general law as a
      public law.

   Private nuisance or wrong. See Nuisance.

   Private soldier. See Private, n., 5.

   Private way, a right of private passage over another man's
      ground; also, a road on private land, contrasted with
      public road, which is on a public right of way. --Kent.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Private \Pri"vate\ (pr[imac]"v[asl]t), n.
   1. A secret message; a personal unofficial communication.
      [Obs.] --Shak.
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   2. Personal interest; particular business.[Obs.]
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            Nor must I be unmindful of my private. --B. Jonson.
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   3. Privacy; retirement. [Archaic] "Go off; I discard you; let
      me enjoy my private." --Shak.
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   4. One not invested with a public office. [Archaic]
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            What have kings, that privates have not too? --Shak.
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   5. (Mil.) A common soldier; a soldier below the grade of a
      noncommissioned officer. --Macaulay.
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   6. pl. The private parts; the genitals.
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   In private, secretly; not openly or publicly.
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