From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Quota \Quo"ta\ (kw[=o]"t[.a]), n. [LL., fr. L. quota (sc. pars),
   fr. quotus which or what in number, of what number, how many,
   fr. quot how many, akin to quis, qui, who: cf. It. quota a
   share. See Who.]
   1. A proportional part or share; the share or proportion
      assigned to each in a division. "Quota of troops and
      money." --Motley.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. a share of effort required to be performed, or a share of
      resources required to be contributed to some common
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