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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Radius vector \Ra"di*us vec"tor\ (v[e^]k"t[o^]r). 1. (Math.) A straight line (or the length of such line) connecting any point, as of a curve, with a fixed point, or pole, round which the straight line turns, and to which it serves to refer the successive points of a curve, in a system of polar coordinates. See Coordinate, n. [1913 Webster] 2. (Astron.) An ideal straight line joining the center of an attracting body with that of a body describing an orbit around it, as a line joining the sun and a planet or comet, or a planet and its satellite. [1913 Webster]