ray


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\ (r[=a]), v. t. [An aphetic form of array; cf.
   Beray.]
   1. To array. [Obs.] --Sir T. More.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. To mark, stain, or soil; to streak; to defile. [Obs.] "The
      filth that did it ray." --Spenser.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\, n.
   Array; order; arrangement; dress. [Obs.]
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         And spoiling all her gears and goodly ray. --Spenser.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\, n. [OF. rai, F. rais, fr. L. radius a beam or ray,
   staff, rod, spoke of a wheel. Cf. Radius.]
   1. One of a number of lines or parts diverging from a common
      point or center, like the radii of a circle; as, a star of
      six rays.
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   2. (Bot.) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal
      florets of a compound flower, as an aster or a sunflower;
      one of the pedicels of an umbel or other circular flower
      cluster; radius. See Radius.
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   3. (Zool.)
      (a) One of the radiating spines, or cartilages, supporting
          the fins of fishes.
      (b) One of the spheromeres of a radiate, especially one of
          the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.
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   4. (Physics)
      (a) A line of light or heat proceeding from a radiant or
          reflecting point; a single element of light or heat
          propagated continuously; as, a solar ray; a polarized
          ray.
      (b) One of the component elements of the total radiation
          from a body; any definite or limited portion of the
          spectrum; as, the red ray; the violet ray. See Illust.
          under Light.
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   5. Sight; perception; vision; -- from an old theory of
      vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the
      eye to the object seen.
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            All eyes direct their rays
            On him, and crowds turn coxcombs as they gaze.
                                                  --Pope.
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   6. (Geom.) One of a system of diverging lines passing through
      a point, and regarded as extending indefinitely in both
      directions. See Half-ray.
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   Bundle of rays. (Geom.) See Pencil of rays, below.

   Extraordinary ray (Opt.), that one of two parts of a ray
      divided by double refraction which does not follow the
      ordinary law of refraction.

   Ordinary ray (Opt.) that one of the two parts of a ray
      divided by double refraction which follows the usual or
      ordinary law of refraction.

   Pencil of rays (Geom.), a definite system of rays.

   Ray flower, or Ray floret (Bot.), one of the marginal
      flowers of the capitulum in such composite plants as the
      aster, goldenrod, daisy, and sunflower. They have an
      elongated, strap-shaped corolla, while the corollas of the
      disk flowers are tubular and five-lobed.

   Ray point (Geom.), the common point of a pencil of rays.

   Roentgen ray, R["o]ntgen ray (r[~e]nt"g[e^]n r[=a]`)
      (Phys.), a form of electromagnetic radiation generated in
      a very highly exhausted vacuum tube by an electrical
      discharge; now more commonly called X-ray. It is
      composed of electromagnetic radiation of wavelength
      shorter than that of ultraviolet light but longer than
      that of gamma rays. It is capable of passing through many
      bodies opaque to light, and producing photographic and
      fluorescent effects by which means pictures showing the
      internal structure of opaque objects are made, called
      X-rays, radiographs, sciagraphs, X-ray photographs,
      radiograms. So called from the discoverer, W. C.
      R["o]ntgen.

   X ray, the R["o]ntgen ray; -- so called by its discoverer
      because of its enigmatical character, x being an algebraic
      symbol for an unknown quantity.
      [1913 Webster +PJC]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\, v. i.
   To shine, as with rays. --Mrs. Browning.
   [1913 Webster]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\, n. [F. raie, L. raia. Cf. Roach.] (Zool.)
   (a) Any one of numerous elasmobranch fishes of the order
       Raiae, including the skates, torpedoes, sawfishes, etc.
   (b) In a restricted sense, any of the broad, flat,
       narrow-tailed species, as the skates and sting rays. See
       Skate.
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   Bishop ray, a yellow-spotted, long-tailed eagle ray
      (Aetobatus narinari syn. Stoasodon narinari) of the
      Southern United States and the West Indies; also called
      the spotted eagle ray and white-spotted eagle ray.

   Butterfly ray, a short-tailed American sting ray
      (Pteroplatea Maclura), having very broad pectoral fins.
      

   Devil ray. See Sea Devil.

   Eagle ray, any large ray of the family Myliobatidae, or
      Aetobatidae. The common European species ({Myliobatis
      aquila}) is called also whip ray, and miller.

   Electric ray, or Cramp ray, a torpedo.

   Starry ray, a common European skate (Raia radiata).

   Sting ray, any one of numerous species of rays of the
      family Trygonidae having one or more large, sharp,
      barbed dorsal spines on the whiplike tail. Called also
      stingaree.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Ray \Ray\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rayed (r[=a]d); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Raying.] [Cf. OF. raier, raiier, rayer, L. radiare to
   irradiate. See Ray, n., and cf. Radiate.]
   1. To mark with long lines; to streak. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. [From Ray, n.] To send forth or shoot out; to cause to
      shine out; as, to ray smiles. [R.] --Thomson.
      [1913 Webster]
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