rhamnus catharticus


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

French \French\ (fr[e^]nch), prop. a. [AS. frencisc, LL.
   franciscus, from L. Francus a Frank: cf. OF. franceis,
   franchois, fran[,c]ois, F. fran[,c]ais. See Frank, a., and
   cf. Frankish.]
   Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants.
   [1913 Webster]

   French bean (Bot.), the common kidney bean ({Phaseolus
      vulgaris}).

   French berry (Bot.), the berry of a species of buckthorn
      (Rhamnus catharticus), which affords a saffron, green or
      purple pigment.

   French casement (Arch.) See French window, under
      Window.

   French chalk (Min.), a variety of granular talc; -- used
      for drawing lines on cloth, etc. See under Chalk.

   French cowslip (Bot.) The Primula Auricula. See
      Bear's-ear.

   French fake (Naut.), a mode of coiling a rope by running it
      backward and forward in parallel bends, so that it may run
      freely.

   French honeysuckle (Bot.) a plant of the genus Hedysarum
      (H. coronarium); -- called also garland honeysuckle.
      

   French horn, a metallic wind instrument, consisting of a
      long tube twisted into circular folds and gradually
      expanding from the mouthpiece to the end at which the
      sound issues; -- called in France cor de chasse.

   French leave, an informal, hasty, or secret departure;
      esp., the leaving a place without paying one's debts.

   French pie [French (here used in sense of "foreign") + pie
      a magpie (in allusion to its black and white color)]
      (Zool.), the European great spotted woodpecker ({Dryobstes
      major}); -- called also wood pie.

   French polish.
   (a) A preparation for the surface of woodwork, consisting of
       gums dissolved in alcohol, either shellac alone, or
       shellac with other gums added.
   (b) The glossy surface produced by the application of the
       above.

   French purple, a dyestuff obtained from lichens and used
      for coloring woolen and silken fabrics, without the aid of
      mordants. --Ure.

   French red rouge.

   French rice, amelcorn.

   French roof (Arch.), a modified form of mansard roof having
      a nearly flat deck for the upper slope.

   French tub, a dyer's mixture of protochloride of tin and
      logwood; -- called also plum tub. --Ure.

   French window. See under Window.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sap \Sap\, n. [AS. saep; akin to OHG. saf, G. saft, Icel. safi;
   of uncertain origin; possibly akin to L. sapere to taste, to
   be wise, sapa must or new wine boiled thick. Cf. Sapid,
   Sapient.]
   1. The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending
      and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to
      nutrition.
      [1913 Webster]

   Note: The ascending is the crude sap, the assimilation of
         which takes place in the leaves, when it becomes the
         elaborated sap suited to the growth of the plant.
         [1913 Webster]

   2. The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop. [Slang]
      [1913 Webster]

   Sap ball (Bot.), any large fungus of the genus Polyporus.
      See Polyporus.

   Sap green, a dull light green pigment prepared from the
      juice of the ripe berries of the Rhamnus catharticus, or
      buckthorn. It is used especially by water-color artists.
      

   Sap rot, the dry rot. See under Dry.

   Sap sucker (Zool.), any one of several species of small
      American woodpeckers of the genus Sphyrapicus,
      especially the yellow-bellied woodpecker ({Sphyrapicus
      varius}) of the Eastern United States. They are so named
      because they puncture the bark of trees and feed upon the
      sap. The name is loosely applied to other woodpeckers.

   Sap tube (Bot.), a vessel that conveys sap.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rhamnus \Rham"nus\, n. [NL., from Gr. "ra`mnos a kind of prickly
   shrub; cf. L. rhamnos.] (Bot.)
   A genus of shrubs and small trees; buckthorn. The California
   Rhamnus Purshianus and the European Rhamnus catharticus
   are used in medicine. The latter is used for hedges.
   [1913 Webster]
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