root


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout,
   trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r["u]ssel snout, trunk,
   proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to
   gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.]
   1. To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.
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   2. Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or
      groveling servility; to fawn servilely.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\, v. t.
   To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots
   the earth.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort,
   and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See Wort.]
   1. (Bot.)
      (a) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true
          root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the
          potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.
      (b) The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a
          plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity
          only, not divided into joints, leafless and without
          buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in
          the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble
          matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of
          nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may
          never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall,
          etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air,
          as in some epiphytic orchids.
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   2. An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as
      produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the
      root crop.
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   3. That which resembles a root in position or function, esp.
      as a source of nourishment or support; that from which
      anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the
      root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.
      Specifically:
      (a) An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a
          stem.
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                They were the roots out of which sprang two
                distinct people.                  --Locke.
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      (b) A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms
          employed in language; a word from which other words
          are formed; a radix, or radical.
      (c) The cause or occasion by which anything is brought
          about; the source. "She herself . . . is root of
          bounty." --Chaucer.
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                The love of money is a root of all kinds of
                evil.                             --1 Tim. vi.
                                                  10 (rev. Ver.)
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      (d) (Math.) That factor of a quantity which when
          multiplied into itself will produce that quantity;
          thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into
          itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.
      (e) (Mus.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone
          from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is
          composed. --Busby.
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      (f) The lowest place, position, or part. "Deep to the
          roots of hell." --Milton. "The roots of the
          mountains." --Southey.
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   4. (Astrol.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.
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            When a root is of a birth yknowe [known]. --Chaucer.
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   Aerial roots. (Bot.)
      (a) Small roots emitted from the stem of a plant in the
          open air, which, attaching themselves to the bark of
          trees, etc., serve to support the plant.
      (b) Large roots growing from the stem, etc., which descend
          and establish themselves in the soil. See Illust. of
          Mangrove.

   Multiple primary root (Bot.), a name given to the numerous
      roots emitted from the radicle in many plants, as the
      squash.

   Primary root (Bot.), the central, first-formed, main root,
      from which the rootlets are given off.

   Root and branch, every part; wholly; completely; as, to
      destroy an error root and branch.

   Root-and-branch men, radical reformers; -- a designation
      applied to the English Independents (1641). See Citation
      under Radical, n., 2.

   Root barnacle (Zool.), one of the Rhizocephala.

   Root hair (Bot.), one of the slender, hairlike fibers found
      on the surface of fresh roots. They are prolongations of
      the superficial cells of the root into minute tubes.
      --Gray.

   Root leaf (Bot.), a radical leaf. See Radical, a., 3
      (b) .

   Root louse (Zool.), any plant louse, or aphid, which lives
      on the roots of plants, as the Phylloxera of the
      grapevine. See Phylloxera.

   Root of an equation (Alg.), that value which, substituted
      for the unknown quantity in an equation, satisfies the
      equation.

   Root of a nail
      (Anat.), the part of a nail which is covered by the skin.
              

   Root of a tooth (Anat.), the part of a tooth contained in
      the socket and consisting of one or more fangs.

   Secondary roots (Bot.), roots emitted from any part of the
      plant above the radicle.

   To strike root, To take root, to send forth roots; to
      become fixed in the earth, etc., by a root; hence, in
      general, to become planted, fixed, or established; to
      increase and spread; as, an opinion takes root. "The
      bended twigs take root." --Milton.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\ (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rooted; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Rooting.]
   1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take
      root and begin to grow.
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            In deep grounds the weeds root deeper. --Mortimer.
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   2. To be firmly fixed; to be established.
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            If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to
            cause misappehensions, he gave them not leave to
            root and fasten by concealment.       --Bp. Fell.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\, v. i. [Cf. Rout to roar.]
   To shout for, or otherwise noisly applaud or encourage, a
   contestant, as in sports; hence, to wish earnestly for the
   success of some one or the happening of some event, with the
   superstitious notion that this action may have efficacy; --
   usually with for; as, the crowd rooted for the home team.
   [Slang or Cant, U. S.]
   [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Root \Root\, v. t.
   1. To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth;
      to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to
      establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted
      trees or forests; rooted dislike.
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   2. To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; --
      with up, out, or away. "I will go root away the noisome
      weeds." --Shak.
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            The Lord rooted them out of their land . . . and
            cast them into another land.          --Deut. xxix.
                                                  28.
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