rose


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rise \Rise\ (r[imac]z), v. i. [imp. Rose (r[=o]z); p. p.
   Risen; p. pr. & vb. n. Rising.] [AS. r[imac]san; akin to
   OS. r[imac]san, D. rijzen, OHG. r[imac]san to rise, fall,
   Icel. r[imac]sa, Goth. urreisan, G. reise journey. CF.
   Arise, Raise, Rear, v.]
   1. To move from a lower position to a higher; to ascend; to
      mount up. Specifically:
      (a) To go upward by walking, climbing, flying, or any
          other voluntary motion; as, a bird rises in the air; a
          fish rises to the bait.
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      (b) To ascend or float in a fluid, as gases or vapors in
          air, cork in water, and the like.
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      (c) To move upward under the influence of a projecting
          force; as, a bullet rises in the air.
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      (d) To grow upward; to attain a certain height; as, this
          elm rises to the height of seventy feet.
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      (e) To reach a higher level by increase of quantity or
          bulk; to swell; as, a river rises in its bed; the
          mercury rises in the thermometer.
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      (f) To become erect; to assume an upright position; as, to
          rise from a chair or from a fall.
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      (g) To leave one's bed; to arise; as, to rise early.
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                He that would thrive, must rise by five. --Old
                                                  Proverb.
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      (h) To tower up; to be heaved up; as, the Alps rise far
          above the sea.
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      (i) To slope upward; as, a path, a line, or surface rises
          in this direction. "A rising ground." --Dryden.
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      (j) To retire; to give up a siege.
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                He, rising with small honor from Gunza, . . .
                was gone.                         --Knolles.
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      (k) To swell or puff up in the process of fermentation; to
          become light, as dough, and the like.
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   2. To have the aspect or the effect of rising. Specifically:
      
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      (a) To appear above the horizont, as the sun, moon, stars,
          and the like. "He maketh his sun to rise on the evil
          and the good." --Matt. v. 45.
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      (b) To become apparent; to emerge into sight; to come
          forth; to appear; as, an eruption rises on the skin;
          the land rises to view to one sailing toward the
          shore.
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      (c) To become perceptible to other senses than sight; as,
          a noise rose on the air; odor rises from the flower.
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      (d) To have a beginning; to proceed; to originate; as,
          rivers rise in lakes or springs.
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                A scepter shall rise out of Israel. --Num. xxiv.
                                                  17.
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                Honor and shame from no condition rise. --Pope.
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   3. To increase in size, force, or value; to proceed toward a
      climax. Specifically: 
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      (a) To increase in power or fury; -- said of wind or a
          storm, and hence, of passion. "High winde . . . began
          to rise, high passions -- anger, hate." --Milton.
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      (b) To become of higher value; to increase in price.
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                Bullion is risen to six shillings . . . the
                ounce.                            --Locke.
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      (c) To become larger; to swell; -- said of a boil, tumor,
          and the like.
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      (d) To increase in intensity; -- said of heat.
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      (e) To become louder, or higher in pitch, as the voice.
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      (f) To increase in amount; to enlarge; as, his expenses
          rose beyond his expectations.
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   4. In various figurative senses. Specifically: 
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      (a) To become excited, opposed, or hostile; to go to war;
          to take up arms; to rebel.
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                At our heels all hell should rise
                With blackest insurrection.       --Milton.
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                No more shall nation against nation rise.
                                                  --Pope.
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      (b) To attain to a better social position; to be promoted;
          to excel; to succeed.
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                Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall.
                                                  --Shak.
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      (c) To become more and more dignified or forcible; to
          increase in interest or power; -- said of style,
          thought, or discourse; as, to rise in force of
          expression; to rise in eloquence; a story rises in
          interest.
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      (d) To come to mind; to be suggested; to occur.
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                A thought rose in me, which often perplexes men
                of contemplative natures.         --Spectator.
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      (e) To come; to offer itself.
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                There chanced to the prince's hand to rise
                An ancient book.                  --Spenser.
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   5. To ascend from the grave; to come to life.
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            But now is Christ risen from the dead. --1. Cor. xv.
                                                  20.
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   6. To terminate an official sitting; to adjourn; as, the
      committee rose after agreeing to the report.
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            It was near nine . . . before the House rose.
                                                  --Macaulay.
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   7. To ascend on a musical scale; to take a higher pith; as,
      to rise a tone or semitone.
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   8. (Print.) To be lifted, or to admit of being lifted, from
      the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; --
      said of a form.
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   Syn: To arise; mount; ascend; climb; scale.

   Usage: Rise, Appreciate. Some in America use the word
          appreciate for "rise in value;" as, stocks appreciate,
          money appreciates, etc. This use is not unknown in
          England, but it is less common there. It is
          undesirable, because rise sufficiently expresses the
          idea, and appreciate has its own distinctive meaning,
          which ought not to be confused with one so entirely
          different.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rose \Rose\,
   imp. of Rise.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rose \Rose\, n. [AS. rose, L. rosa, probably akin to Gr. ?,
   Armor. vard, OPer. vareda; and perhaps to E. wort: cf. F.
   rose, from the Latin. Cf. Copperas, Rhododendron.]
   1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of
      which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern
      hemispere
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   Note: Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually
         prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild
         state have five petals of a color varying from deep
         pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and
         hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased
         and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many
         distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the
         Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid
         perpetual, etc., with multitudes of varieties in nearly
         every class.
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   2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a
      rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe. --Sha.
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   3. (Arch.) A rose window. See Rose window, below.
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   4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for
      delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a
      strainer at the foot of a pump.
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   5. (Med.) The erysipelas. --Dunglison.
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   6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card
      with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
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   7. The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
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   8. A diamond. See Rose diamond, below.
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   Cabbage rose, China rose, etc. See under Cabbage,
      China, etc.

   Corn rose (Bot.) See Corn poppy, under Corn.

   Infantile rose (Med.), a variety of roseola.

   Jamaica rose. (Bot.) See under Jamaica.

   Rose acacia (Bot.), a low American leguminous shrub
      (Robinia hispida) with handsome clusters of rose-colored
      blossoms.

   Rose aniline. (Chem.) Same as Rosaniline.

   Rose apple (Bot.), the fruit of the tropical myrtaceous
      tree Eugenia Jambos. It is an edible berry an inch or
      more in diameter, and is said to have a very strong
      roselike perfume.

   Rose beetle. (Zool.)
      (a) A small yellowish or buff longlegged beetle
          (Macrodactylus subspinosus), which eats the leaves
          of various plants, and is often very injurious to
          rosebushes, apple trees, grapevines, etc. Called also
          rose bug, and rose chafer.
      (b) The European chafer.

   Rose bug. (Zool.) same as Rose beetle, Rose chafer.

   Rose burner, a kind of gas-burner producing a rose-shaped
      flame.

   Rose camphor (Chem.), a solid odorless substance which
      separates from rose oil.

   Rose campion. (Bot.) See under Campion.

   Rose catarrh (Med.), rose cold.

   Rose chafer. (Zool.)
      (a) A common European beetle (Cetonia aurata) which is
          often very injurious to rosebushes; -- called also
          rose beetle, and rose fly.
      (b) The rose beetle
      (a) .

   Rose cold (Med.), a variety of hay fever, sometimes
      attributed to the inhalation of the effluvia of roses. See
      Hay fever, under Hay.

   Rose color, the color of a rose; pink; hence, a beautiful
      hue or appearance; fancied beauty, attractiveness, or
      promise.

   Rose de Pompadour, Rose du Barry, names succesively given
      to a delicate rose color used on S[`e]vres porcelain.

   Rose diamond, a diamond, one side of which is flat, and the
      other cut into twenty-four triangular facets in two ranges
      which form a convex face pointed at the top. Cf.
      Brilliant, n.

   Rose ear. See under Ear.

   Rose elder (Bot.), the Guelder-rose.

   Rose engine, a machine, or an appendage to a turning lathe,
      by which a surface or wood, metal, etc., is engraved with
      a variety of curved lines. --Craig.

   Rose family (Bot.) the Roseceae. See Rosaceous.

   Rose fever (Med.), rose cold.

   Rose fly (Zool.), a rose betle, or rose chafer.

   Rose gall (Zool.), any gall found on rosebushes. See
      Bedeguar.

   Rose knot, a ribbon, or other pliade band plaited so as to
      resemble a rose; a rosette.

   Rose lake, Rose madder, a rich tint prepared from lac and
      madder precipitated on an earthy basis. --Fairholt.

   Rose mallow. (Bot.)
      (a) A name of several malvaceous plants of the genus
          Hibiscus, with large rose-colored flowers.
      (b) the hollyhock.

   Rose nail, a nail with a convex, faceted head.

   Rose noble, an ancient English gold coin, stamped with the
      figure of a rose, first struck in the reign of Edward
      III., and current at 6s. 8d. --Sir W. Scott.

   Rose of China. (Bot.) See China rose
      (b), under China.

   Rose of Jericho (Bot.), a Syrian cruciferous plant
      (Anastatica Hierochuntica) which rolls up when dry, and
      expands again when moistened; -- called also {resurrection
      plant}.

   Rose of Sharon (Bot.), an ornamental malvaceous shrub
      (Hibiscus Syriacus). In the Bible the name is used for
      some flower not yet identified, perhaps a Narcissus, or
      possibly the great lotus flower.

   Rose oil (Chem.), the yellow essential oil extracted from
      various species of rose blossoms, and forming the chief
      part of attar of roses.

   Rose pink, a pigment of a rose color, made by dyeing chalk
      or whiting with a decoction of Brazil wood and alum; also,
      the color of the pigment.

   Rose quartz (Min.), a variety of quartz which is rose-red.
      

   Rose rash. (Med.) Same as Roseola.

   Rose slug (Zool.), the small green larva of a black sawfly
      (Selandria rosae). These larvae feed in groups on the
      parenchyma of the leaves of rosebushes, and are often
      abundant and very destructive.

   Rose window (Arch.), a circular window filled with
      ornamental tracery. Called also Catherine wheel, and
      marigold window. Cf. wheel window, under Wheel.

   Summer rose (Med.), a variety of roseola. See Roseola.

   Under the rose [a translation of L. sub rosa], in secret;
      privately; in a manner that forbids disclosure; -- the
      rose being among the ancients the symbol of secrecy, and
      hung up at entertainments as a token that nothing there
      said was to be divulged.

   Wars of the Roses (Eng. Hist.), feuds between the Houses of
      York and Lancaster, the white rose being the badge of the
      House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rose \Rose\, v. t.
   1. To render rose-colored; to redden; to flush. [Poetic] "A
      maid yet rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty."
      --Shak.
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   2. To perfume, as with roses. [Poetic] --Tennyson.
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