rot


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rot \Rot\, v. t.
   1. To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially
      decomposed by natural processes; as, to rot vegetable
      fiber.
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   2. To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for
      the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rot \Rot\, n.
   1. Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.
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   2. (Bot.) A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood,
      supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See Bitter rot,
      Black rot, etc., below.
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   3. [Cf. G. rotz glanders.] A fatal distemper which attacks
      sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the
      presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder.
      See 1st Fluke, 2.
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            His cattle must of rot and murrain die. --Milton.
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   Bitter rot (Bot.), a disease of apples, caused by the
      fungus Glaeosporium fructigenum. --F. L. Scribner.

   Black rot (Bot.), a disease of grapevines, attacking the
      leaves and fruit, caused by the fungus {Laestadia
      Bidwellii}. --F. L. Scribner.

   Dry rot (Bot.) See under Dry.

   Grinder's rot (Med.) See under Grinder.

   Potato rot. (Bot.) See under Potato.

   White rot (Bot.), a disease of grapes, first appearing in
      whitish pustules on the fruit, caused by the fungus
      Coniothyrium diplodiella. --F. L. Scribner.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rot \Rot\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rotting.] [OE. rotien, AS. rotian; akin to D. rotten, Prov.
   G. rotten, OHG. rozz?n, G. r["o]sten to steep flax, Icel.
   rotna to rot, Sw. ruttna, Dan. raadne, Icel. rottin rotten.
   [root]117. Cf. Ret, Rotten.]
   1. To undergo a process common to organic substances by which
      they lose the cohesion of their parts and pass through
      certain chemical changes, giving off usually in some
      stages of the process more or less offensive odors; to
      become decomposed by a natural process; to putrefy; to
      decay.
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            Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot,
            To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot. --Pope.
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   2. Figuratively: To perish slowly; to decay; to die; to
      become corrupt.
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            Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
                                                  --Macaulay.
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            Rot, poor bachelor, in your club.     --Thackeray.
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   Syn: To putrefy; corrupt; decay; spoil.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Bane \Bane\ (b[=a]n), n. [OE. bane destruction, AS. bana
   murderer; akin to Icel. bani death, murderer, OHG. bana
   murder, bano murderer, Goth. banja stroke, wound, Gr. foney`s
   murderer, fo`nos murder, OIr. bath death, benim I strike.
   [root]31.]
   1. That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.
      [Obs. except in combination, as in ratsbane, henbane,
      etc.]
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   2. Destruction; death. [Obs.]
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            The cup of deception spiced and tempered to their
            bane.                                 --Milton.
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   3. Any cause of ruin, or lasting injury; harm; woe.
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            Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
                                                  --Herbert.
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   4. A disease in sheep, commonly termed the rot.
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   Syn: Poison; ruin; destruction; injury; pest.
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