run


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Run \Run\ (r[u^]n), v. i. [imp. Ran (r[a^]n) or Run; p. p.
   Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp.
   ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p.
   p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn,
   p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan,
   G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r[aum]nna,
   Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to
   rise, Gr. 'orny`nai to stir up, rouse, Skr. [.r] (cf.
   Origin), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. Rival).
   [root]11. Cf. Ember, a., Rennet.]
   1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly,
      smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate
      or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a
      stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action
      than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
      Specifically: 
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   2. Of voluntary or personal action:
      (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
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                "Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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      (b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
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                As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
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      (c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
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      (d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest;
          to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
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                Know ye not that they which run in a race run
                all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that
                ye may obtain.                    --1 Cor. ix.
                                                  24.
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      (e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to
          come into a certain condition; -- often with in or
          into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
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                Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to
                rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
                                                  --Addison.
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      (f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run
          through life; to run in a circle.
      (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as,
          to run from one subject to another.
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                Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set
                of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
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      (h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about
          something; -- with on.
      (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as
          upon a bank; -- with on.
      (j) To creep, as serpents.
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   3. Of involuntary motion:
      (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course;
          as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring;
          her blood ran cold.
      (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
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                The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix.
                                                  23.
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      (c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
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                As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
                                                  --Addison.
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                Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
                                                  --Woodward.
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      (d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot;
          as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
      (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical
          means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to
          Albany; the train runs to Chicago.
      (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from
          Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth
          not to the contrary.
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                She saw with joy the line immortal run,
                Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
                                                  --Pope.
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      (g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as,
          the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
      (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
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                As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad
                in most part of our lives that it ran much
                faster.                           --Addison.
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      (i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or
          motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill
          runs six days in the week.
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                When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on
                the good circumstances of it; when it is
                obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
                                                  --Swift.
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      (j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east
          and west.
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                Where the generally allowed practice runs
                counter to it.                    --Locke.
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                Little is the wisdom, where the flight
                So runs against all reason.       --Shak.
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      (k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
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                The king's ordinary style runneth, "Our
                sovereign lord the king."         --Bp.
                                                  Sanderson.
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      (l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
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                Men gave them their own names, by which they run
                a great while in Rome.            --Sir W.
                                                  Temple.
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                Neither was he ignorant what report ran of
                himself.                          --Knolles.
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      (m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run
          up rapidly.
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                If the richness of the ground cause turnips to
                run to leaves.                    --Mortimer.
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      (n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
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                A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
                                                  --Bacon.
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                Temperate climates run into moderate
                governments.                      --Swift.
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      (o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run
          in washing.
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                In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . .
                distinguished, but near the borders they run
                into one another.                 --I. Watts.
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      (p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in
          force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in
          company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
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                Customs run only upon our goods imported or
                exported, and that but once for all; whereas
                interest runs as well upon our ships as goods,
                and must be yearly paid.          --Sir J.
                                                  Child.
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      (q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a
          note has thirty days to run.
      (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.
      (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days
          or nights; as, the piece ran for six months.
      (t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from
          reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
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   4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in
      which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a
      supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are
      gathered in the air under the body. --Stillman (The Horse
      in Motion).
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   5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that
      there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches
      the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic
      competition.
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   As things run, according to the usual order, conditions,
      quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or
      specification.

   To let run (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to
      slacken or loosen.

   To run after, to pursue or follow; to search for; to
      endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
      --Locke.

   To run away, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without
      control or guidance.

   To run away with.
      (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or
          elopement.
      (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs
          away with a carriage.

   To run down.
      (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the
          exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks,
          watches, etc.
      (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.

   To run down a coast, to sail along it.

   To run for an office, to stand as a candidate for an
      office.

   To run in or To run into.
      (a) To enter; to step in.
      (b) To come in collision with.

   To run into To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother
      at the grocery store.

   To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]

   To run in with.
      (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
      (b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
          to run in with the land.

   To run mad, To run mad after or To run mad on. See
      under Mad.

   To run on.
      (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
          year or two without a settlement.
      (b) To talk incessantly.
      (c) To continue a course.
      (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
          sarcasm; to bear hard on.
      (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
          making a break or beginning a new paragraph.

   To run out.
      (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
          at Michaelmas.
      (b) To extend; to spread. "Insectile animals . . . run all
          out into legs." --Hammond.
      (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
          digressions.
      (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
          extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
          soon run out.
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                And had her stock been less, no doubt
                She must have long ago run out.   --Dryden.
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   To run over.
      (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
          over.
      (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
      (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.

   To run riot, to go to excess.

   To run through.
      (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
      (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.

   To run to seed, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
      seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
      growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.

   To run up, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
      accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
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            But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
            run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
                                                  --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   To run with.
      (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
          streets ran with blood.
      (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
          "Its rivers ran with gold." --J. H. Newman.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Run \Run\, v. t.
   1. To cause to run (in the various senses of Run, v. i.);
      as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to
      run a rope through a block.
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   2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
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            To run the world back to its first original.
                                                  --South.
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            I would gladly understand the formation of a soul,
            and run it up to its "punctum saliens." --Collier.
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   3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or
      through the body; to run a nail into the foot.
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            You run your head into the lion's mouth. --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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            Having run his fingers through his hair. --Dickens.
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   4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
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            They ran the ship aground.            --Acts xxvii.
                                                  41.
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            A talkative person runs himself upon great
            inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's
            secrets.                              --Ray.
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            Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run
            natural philosophy into metaphysical notions.
                                                  --Locke.
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   5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets,
      and the like.
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            The purest gold must be run and washed. --Felton.
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   6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to
      determine; as, to run a line.
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   7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to
      smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods.
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            Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of
            running goods.                        --Swift.
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   8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race;
      to run a certain career.
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   9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support
      for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [Colloq.
      U.S.]
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   10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run
       the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances,
       below. "He runneth two dangers." --Bacon.
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             If we don't succeed, we run the risk of failure.
                                                  --Dan Quail
       .
       [PJC]

   11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
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             He would himself be in the Highlands to receive
             them, and run his fortune with them. --Clarendon.
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   12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be
       bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.
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             At the base of Pompey's statua,
             Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.
                                                  --Shak.
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   13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing;
       as, the rivers ran blood.
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   14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory
       or a hotel. [Colloq. U.S.]
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   15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [Colloq.]
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   16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material
       in a continuous line, generally taking a series of
       stitches on the needle at the same time.
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   17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to
       ascend a river in order to spawn.
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   18. (Golf) To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it
       to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
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   To run a blockade, to get to, or away from, a blockaded
      port in safety.

   To run down.
       (a) (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is
           captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag.
       (b) (Naut.) To run against and sink, as a vessel.
       (c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear. "Religion is run
           down by the license of these times." --Berkeley.
       (d) To disparage; to traduce. --F. W. Newman.

   To run hard.
       (a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a
           race.
       (b) To urge or press importunately.
       (c) To banter severely.

   To run into the ground, to carry to an absurd extreme; to
      overdo. [Slang, U.S.]
       (c) To erect hastily, as a building.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Run \Run\, n.
   1. The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick
      run; to go on the run.
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   2. A small stream; a brook; a creek.
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   3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain
      operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in
      wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.
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   4. A course; a series; that which continues in a certain
      course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.
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            They who made their arrangements in the first run of
            misadventure . . . put a seal on their calamities.
                                                  --Burke.
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   5. State of being current; currency; popularity.
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            It is impossible for detached papers to have a
            general run, or long continuance, if not diversified
            with humor.                           --Addison.
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   6. Continued repetition on the stage; -- said of a play; as,
      to have a run of a hundred successive nights.
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            A canting, mawkish play . . . had an immense run.
                                                  --Macaulay.
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   7. A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a
      bank or treasury for payment of its notes.
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   8. A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep
      run. --Howitt.
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   9. (Naut.)
      (a) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows
          toward the stern, under the quarter.
      (b) The distance sailed by a ship; as, a good run; a run
          of fifty miles.
      (c) A voyage; as, a run to China.
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   10. A pleasure excursion; a trip. [Colloq.]
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             I think of giving her a run in London. --Dickens.
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   11. (Mining) The horizontal distance to which a drift may be
       carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or
       by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which
       a vein of ore or other substance takes.
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   12. (Mus.) A roulade, or series of running tones.
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   13. (Mil.) The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It
       is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick,
       but with greater speed.
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   14. The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; --
       said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes
       which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of
       spawning.
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   15. (Sport) In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made
       by a player, which enables him to score one point; also,
       the point thus scored; in cricket, a passing from one
       wicket to the other, by which one point is scored; as, a
       player made three runs; the side went out with two
       hundred runs; the Yankees scored three runs in the
       seventh inning.
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             The "runs" are made from wicket to wicket, the
             batsmen interchanging ends at each run. --R. A.
                                                  Proctor.
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   16. A pair or set of millstones.
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   17. (Piquet, Cribbage, etc.) A number of cards of the same
       suit in sequence; as, a run of four in hearts.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   18. (Golf)
       (a) The movement communicated to a golf ball by running.
       (b) The distance a ball travels after touching the ground
           from a stroke.
           [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   At the long run, now, commonly, In the long run, in or
      during the whole process or course of things taken
      together; in the final result; in the end; finally.
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            [Man] starts the inferior of the brute animals, but
            he surpasses them in the long run.    --J. H.
                                                  Newman.
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   Home run.
       (a) A running or returning toward home, or to the point
           from which the start was made. Cf. Home stretch.
       (b) (Baseball) See under Home.

   The run, or The common run, or The run of the mill
      etc., ordinary persons; the generality or average of
      people or things; also, that which ordinarily occurs;
      ordinary current, course, or kind.
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            I saw nothing else that is superior to the common
            run of parks.                         --Walpole.
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            Burns never dreamed of looking down on others as
            beneath him, merely because he was conscious of his
            own vast superiority to the common run of men.
                                                  --Prof.
                                                  Wilson.
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            His whole appearance was something out of the common
            run.                                  --W. Irving.
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   To let go by the run (Naut.), to loosen and let run freely,
      as lines; to let fall without restraint, as a sail.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Run \Run\, a.
   1. Melted, or made from molten material; cast in a mold; as,
      run butter; run iron or lead.
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   2. Smuggled; as, run goods. [Colloq.] --Miss Edgeworth.
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   Run steel, malleable iron castings. See under Malleable.
      --Raymond.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

All fours \All` fours"\ [formerly, All` four".]
   All four legs of a quadruped; or the two legs and two arms of
   a person.
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   To be, go, or run, on all fours (Fig.), to be on the
      same footing; to correspond (with) exactly; to be alike in
      all the circumstances to be considered. "This example is
      on all fours with the other." "No simile can go on all
      fours." --Macaulay.
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