running


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Run \Run\ (r[u^]n), v. i. [imp. Ran (r[a^]n) or Run; p. p.
   Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp.
   ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p.
   p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn,
   p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan,
   G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r[aum]nna,
   Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to
   rise, Gr. 'orny`nai to stir up, rouse, Skr. [.r] (cf.
   Origin), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. Rival).
   [root]11. Cf. Ember, a., Rennet.]
   1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly,
      smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate
      or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a
      stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action
      than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog.
      Specifically: 
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   2. Of voluntary or personal action:
      (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
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                "Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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      (b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
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                As from a bear a man would run for life. --Shak.
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      (c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
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      (d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest;
          to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
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                Know ye not that they which run in a race run
                all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that
                ye may obtain.                    --1 Cor. ix.
                                                  24.
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      (e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to
          come into a certain condition; -- often with in or
          into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
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                Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to
                rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
                                                  --Addison.
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      (f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run
          through life; to run in a circle.
      (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as,
          to run from one subject to another.
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                Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set
                of precepts foreign to his subject. --Addison.
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      (h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about
          something; -- with on.
      (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as
          upon a bank; -- with on.
      (j) To creep, as serpents.
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   3. Of involuntary motion:
      (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course;
          as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring;
          her blood ran cold.
      (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
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                The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix.
                                                  23.
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      (c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
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                As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run.
                                                  --Addison.
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                Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
                                                  --Woodward.
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      (d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot;
          as, a wheel runs swiftly round.
      (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical
          means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to
          Albany; the train runs to Chicago.
      (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from
          Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth
          not to the contrary.
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                She saw with joy the line immortal run,
                Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
                                                  --Pope.
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      (g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as,
          the stage runs between the hotel and the station.
      (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
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                As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad
                in most part of our lives that it ran much
                faster.                           --Addison.
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      (i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or
          motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill
          runs six days in the week.
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                When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on
                the good circumstances of it; when it is
                obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
                                                  --Swift.
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      (j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east
          and west.
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                Where the generally allowed practice runs
                counter to it.                    --Locke.
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                Little is the wisdom, where the flight
                So runs against all reason.       --Shak.
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      (k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
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                The king's ordinary style runneth, "Our
                sovereign lord the king."         --Bp.
                                                  Sanderson.
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      (l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
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                Men gave them their own names, by which they run
                a great while in Rome.            --Sir W.
                                                  Temple.
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                Neither was he ignorant what report ran of
                himself.                          --Knolles.
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      (m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run
          up rapidly.
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                If the richness of the ground cause turnips to
                run to leaves.                    --Mortimer.
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      (n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
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                A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
                                                  --Bacon.
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                Temperate climates run into moderate
                governments.                      --Swift.
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      (o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run
          in washing.
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                In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . .
                distinguished, but near the borders they run
                into one another.                 --I. Watts.
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      (p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in
          force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in
          company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
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                Customs run only upon our goods imported or
                exported, and that but once for all; whereas
                interest runs as well upon our ships as goods,
                and must be yearly paid.          --Sir J.
                                                  Child.
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      (q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a
          note has thirty days to run.
      (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.
      (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days
          or nights; as, the piece ran for six months.
      (t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from
          reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
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   4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in
      which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a
      supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are
      gathered in the air under the body. --Stillman (The Horse
      in Motion).
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   5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that
      there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches
      the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic
      competition.
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   As things run, according to the usual order, conditions,
      quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or
      specification.

   To let run (Naut.), to allow to pass or move freely; to
      slacken or loosen.

   To run after, to pursue or follow; to search for; to
      endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.
      --Locke.

   To run away, to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without
      control or guidance.

   To run away with.
      (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or
          elopement.
      (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs
          away with a carriage.

   To run down.
      (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the
          exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks,
          watches, etc.
      (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.

   To run down a coast, to sail along it.

   To run for an office, to stand as a candidate for an
      office.

   To run in or To run into.
      (a) To enter; to step in.
      (b) To come in collision with.

   To run into To meet, by chance; as, I ran into my brother
      at the grocery store.

   To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]

   To run in with.
      (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
      (b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
          to run in with the land.

   To run mad, To run mad after or To run mad on. See
      under Mad.

   To run on.
      (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
          year or two without a settlement.
      (b) To talk incessantly.
      (c) To continue a course.
      (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
          sarcasm; to bear hard on.
      (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
          making a break or beginning a new paragraph.

   To run out.
      (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
          at Michaelmas.
      (b) To extend; to spread. "Insectile animals . . . run all
          out into legs." --Hammond.
      (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
          digressions.
      (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
          extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
          soon run out.
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                And had her stock been less, no doubt
                She must have long ago run out.   --Dryden.
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   To run over.
      (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
          over.
      (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
      (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.

   To run riot, to go to excess.

   To run through.
      (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
      (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.

   To run to seed, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
      seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
      growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.

   To run up, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
      accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
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            But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
            run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
                                                  --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   To run with.
      (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
          streets ran with blood.
      (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
          "Its rivers ran with gold." --J. H. Newman.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Running \Run"ning\, a.
   1. Moving or advancing by running. Specifically, of a horse:
      (a) Having a running gait; not a trotter or pacer.
      (b) trained and kept for running races; as, a running
          horse. --Law.
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   2. Successive; one following the other without break or
      intervention; -- said of periods of time; as, to be away
      two days running; to sow land two years running.
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   3. Flowing; easy; cursive; as, a running hand.
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   4. Continuous; keeping along step by step; as, he stated the
      facts with a running explanation. "A running conquest."
      --Milton.
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            What are art and science if not a running commentary
            on Nature?                            --Hare.
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   5. (Bot.) Extending by a slender climbing or trailing stem;
      as, a running vine.
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   6. (Med.) Discharging pus; as, a running sore.
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   Running block (Mech.), a block in an arrangement of pulleys
      which rises or sinks with the weight which is raised or
      lowered.

   Running board, a narrow platform extending along the side
      of a locomotive.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Running \Run"ning\, n.
   The act of one who, or of that which runs; as, the running
   was slow.
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   2. That which runs or flows; the quantity of a liquid which
      flows in a certain time or during a certain operation; as,
      the first running of a still.
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   3. The discharge from an ulcer or other sore.
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   At long running, in the long run. [Obs.] --Jer. Taylor.
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