From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salt \Salt\, n. [AS. sealt; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout,
   G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. ?, Russ. sole,
   Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. Sal,
   Salad, Salary, Saline, Sauce, Sausage.]
   1. The chloride of sodium, a substance used for seasoning
      food, for the preservation of meat, etc. It is found
      native in the earth, and is also produced, by evaporation
      and crystallization, from sea water and other water
      impregnated with saline particles.
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   2. Hence, flavor; taste; savor; smack; seasoning.
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            Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen . .
            . we have some salt of our youth in us. --Shak.
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   3. Hence, also, piquancy; wit; sense; as, Attic salt.
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   4. A dish for salt at table; a saltcellar.
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            I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen
            of silver salts.                      --Pepys.
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   5. A sailor; -- usually qualified by old. [Colloq.]
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            Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing
            and gossiping, clusters of old salts. --Hawthorne.
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   6. (Chem.) The neutral compound formed by the union of an
      acid and a base; thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the
      salt sulphate of iron or green vitriol.
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   Note: Except in case of ammonium salts, accurately speaking,
         it is the acid radical which unites with the base or
         basic radical, with the elimination of hydrogen, of
         water, or of analogous compounds as side products. In
         the case of diacid and triacid bases, and of dibasic
         and tribasic acids, the mutual neutralization may vary
         in degree, producing respectively basic, neutral, or
         acid salts. See Phrases below.
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   7. Fig.: That which preserves from corruption or error; that
      which purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an
      allowance or deduction; as, his statements must be taken
      with a grain of salt.
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            Ye are the salt of the earth.         --Matt. v. 13.
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   8. pl. Any mineral salt used as an aperient or cathartic,
      especially Epsom salts, Rochelle salt, or Glauber's salt.
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   9. pl. Marshes flooded by the tide. [Prov. Eng.]
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   Above the salt, Below the salt, phrases which have
      survived the old custom, in the houses of people of rank,
      of placing a large saltcellar near the middle of a long
      table, the places above which were assigned to the guests
      of distinction, and those below to dependents, inferiors,
      and poor relations. See Saltfoot.
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            His fashion is not to take knowledge of him that is
            beneath him in clothes. He never drinks below the
            salt.                                 --B. Jonson.
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   Acid salt (Chem.)
      (a) A salt derived from an acid which has several
          replaceable hydrogen atoms which are only partially
          exchanged for metallic atoms or basic radicals; as,
          acid potassium sulphate is an acid salt.
      (b) A salt, whatever its constitution, which merely gives
          an acid reaction; thus, copper sulphate, which is
          composed of a strong acid united with a weak base, is
          an acid salt in this sense, though theoretically it is
          a neutral salt.

   Alkaline salt (Chem.), a salt which gives an alkaline
      reaction, as sodium carbonate.

   Amphid salt (Old Chem.), a salt of the oxy type, formerly
      regarded as composed of two oxides, an acid and a basic
      oxide. [Obsolescent]

   Basic salt (Chem.)
      (a) A salt which contains more of the basic constituent
          than is required to neutralize the acid.
      (b) An alkaline salt.

   Binary salt (Chem.), a salt of the oxy type conveniently
      regarded as composed of two ingredients (analogously to a
      haloid salt), viz., a metal and an acid radical.

   Double salt (Chem.), a salt regarded as formed by the union
      of two distinct salts, as common alum, potassium aluminium
      sulphate. See under Double.

   Epsom salts. See in the Vocabulary.

   Essential salt (Old Chem.), a salt obtained by
      crystallizing plant juices.

   Ethereal salt. (Chem.) See under Ethereal.

   Glauber's salt or Glauber's salts. See in Vocabulary.

   Haloid salt (Chem.), a simple salt of a halogen acid, as
      sodium chloride.

   Microcosmic salt. (Chem.). See under Microcosmic.

   Neutral salt. (Chem.)
      (a) A salt in which the acid and base (in theory)
          neutralize each other.
      (b) A salt which gives a neutral reaction.

   Oxy salt (Chem.), a salt derived from an oxygen acid.

   Per salt (Old Chem.), a salt supposed to be derived from a
      peroxide base or analogous compound. [Obs.]

   Permanent salt, a salt which undergoes no change on
      exposure to the air.

   Proto salt (Chem.), a salt derived from a protoxide base or
      analogous compound.

   Rochelle salt. See under Rochelle.

   Salt of amber (Old Chem.), succinic acid.

   Salt of colcothar (Old Chem.), green vitriol, or sulphate
      of iron.

   Salt of hartshorn. (Old Chem.)
      (a) Sal ammoniac, or ammonium chloride.
      (b) Ammonium carbonate. Cf. Spirit of hartshorn, under

   Salt of lemons. (Chem.) See Salt of sorrel, below.

   Salt of Saturn (Old Chem.), sugar of lead; lead acetate; --
      the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.

   Salt of Seignette. Same as Rochelle salt.

   Salt of soda (Old Chem.), sodium carbonate.

   Salt of sorrel (Old Chem.), acid potassium oxalate, or
      potassium quadroxalate, used as a solvent for ink stains;
      -- so called because found in the sorrel, or Oxalis. Also
      sometimes inaccurately called salt of lemon.

   Salt of tartar (Old Chem.), potassium carbonate; -- so
      called because formerly made by heating cream of tartar,
      or potassium tartrate. [Obs.]

   Salt of Venus (Old Chem.), blue vitriol; copper sulphate;
      -- the alchemical name of copper being Venus.

   Salt of wisdom. See Alembroth.

   Sedative salt (Old Med. Chem.), boric acid.

   Sesqui salt (Chem.), a salt derived from a sesquioxide base
      or analogous compound.

   Spirit of salt. (Chem.) See under Spirit.

   Sulpho salt (Chem.), a salt analogous to an oxy salt, but
      containing sulphur in place of oxygen.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salt \Salt\, a. [Compar. Salter; superl. Saltest.] [AS.
   sealt, salt. See Salt, n.]
   1. Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt;
      prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted;
      as, salt beef; salt water. "Salt tears." --Chaucer.
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   2. Overflowed with, or growing in, salt water; as, a salt
      marsh; salt grass.
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   3. Fig.: Bitter; sharp; pungent.
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            I have a salt and sorry rheum offends me. --Shak.
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   4. Fig.: Salacious; lecherous; lustful. --Shak.
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   Salt acid (Chem.), hydrochloric acid.

   Salt block, an apparatus for evaporating brine; a salt
      factory. --Knight.

   Salt bottom, a flat piece of ground covered with saline
      efflorescences. [Western U.S.] --Bartlett.

   Salt cake (Chem.), the white caked mass, consisting of
      sodium sulphate, which is obtained as the product of the
      first stage in the manufacture of soda, according to
      Leblanc's process.

   Salt fish.
      (a) Salted fish, especially cod, haddock, and similar
          fishes that have been salted and dried for food.
      (b) A marine fish.

   Salt garden, an arrangement for the natural evaporation of
      sea water for the production of salt, employing large
      shallow basins excavated near the seashore.

   Salt gauge, an instrument used to test the strength of
      brine; a salimeter.

   Salt horse, salted beef. [Slang]

   Salt junk, hard salt beef for use at sea. [Slang]

   Salt lick. See Lick, n.

   Salt marsh, grass land subject to the overflow of salt

   Salt-marsh caterpillar (Zool.), an American bombycid moth
      (Spilosoma acraea which is very destructive to the
      salt-marsh grasses and to other crops. Called also {woolly
      bear}. See Illust. under Moth, Pupa, and {Woolly
      bear}, under Woolly.

   Salt-marsh fleabane (Bot.), a strong-scented composite herb
      (Pluchea camphorata) with rayless purplish heads,
      growing in salt marshes.

   Salt-marsh hen (Zool.), the clapper rail. See under Rail.

   Salt-marsh terrapin (Zool.), the diamond-back.

   Salt mine, a mine where rock salt is obtained.

   Salt pan.
      (a) A large pan used for making salt by evaporation; also,
          a shallow basin in the ground where salt water is
          evaporated by the heat of the sun.
      (b) pl. Salt works.

   Salt pit, a pit where salt is obtained or made.

   Salt rising, a kind of yeast in which common salt is a
      principal ingredient. [U.S.]

   Salt raker, one who collects salt in natural salt ponds, or
      inclosures from the sea.

   Salt sedative (Chem.), boracic acid. [Obs.]

   Salt spring, a spring of salt water.

   Salt tree (Bot.), a small leguminous tree ({Halimodendron
      argenteum}) growing in the salt plains of the Caspian
      region and in Siberia.

   Salt water, water impregnated with salt, as that of the
      ocean and of certain seas and lakes; sometimes, also,
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            Mine eyes are full of tears, I can not see;
            And yet salt water blinds them not so much
            But they can see a sort of traitors here. --Shak.
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   Salt-water sailor, an ocean mariner.

   Salt-water tailor. (Zool.) See Bluefish.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salt \Salt\, v. i.
   To deposit salt as a saline solution; as, the brine begins to
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salt \Salt\, n. [L. saltus, fr. salire to leap.]
   The act of leaping or jumping; a leap. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Salt \Salt\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Salted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   1. To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt; to preserve
      with salt or in brine; to supply with salt; as, to salt
      fish, beef, or pork; to salt cattle.
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   2. To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a
      ship, for the preservation of the timber.
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   To salt a mine, to artfully deposit minerals in a mine in
      order to deceive purchasers regarding its value. [Cant]

   To salt away, To salt down, to prepare with, or pack in,
      salt for preserving, as meat, eggs, etc.; hence,
      colloquially, to save, lay up, or invest sagely, as money.
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