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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Shoulder \Shoul"der\, n. [OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. sculdor; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra, Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra.] 1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint. [1913 Webster] 2. The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural. [1913 Webster] Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders bore The gates of Azza. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support. [1913 Webster] In thy shoulder do I build my seat. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing. [1913 Webster] The north western shoulder of the mountain. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] 5. The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton. [1913 Webster] 6. (Fort.) The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. See Illust. of Bastion. [1913 Webster] 7. An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc. [1913 Webster] Shoulder belt, a belt that passes across the shoulder. Shoulder blade (Anat.), the flat bone of the shoulder, to which the humerus is articulated; the scapula. Shoulder block (Naut.), a block with a projection, or shoulder, near the upper end, so that it can rest against a spar without jamming the rope. Shoulder clapper, one who claps another on the shoulder, or who uses great familiarity. [Obs.] --Shak. Shoulder girdle. (Anat.) See Pectoral girdle, under Pectoral. Shoulder knot, an ornamental knot of ribbon or lace worn on the shoulder; a kind of epaulet or braided ornament worn as part of a military uniform. Shoulder-of-mutton sail (Naut.), a triangular sail carried on a boat's mast; -- so called from its shape. Shoulder slip, dislocation of the shoulder, or of the humerous. --Swift. Shoulder strap, a strap worn on or over the shoulder. Specifically (Mil. & Naval), a narrow strap worn on the shoulder of a commissioned officer, indicating, by a suitable device, the rank he holds in the service. See Illust. in App. [1913 Webster]