sound


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, n. [AS. sund a swimming, akin to E. swim. See
   Swim.]
   The air bladder of a fish; as, cod sounds are an esteemed
   article of food.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, n. (Zool.)
   A cuttlefish. [Obs.] --Ainsworth.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, a. [Compar. Sounder; superl. Soundest.] [OE.
   sound, AS. sund; akin to D. gezond, G. gesund, OHG. gisunt,
   Dan. & Sw. sund, and perhaps to L. sanus. Cf. Sane.]
   1. Whole; unbroken; unharmed; free from flaw, defect, or
      decay; perfect of the kind; as, sound timber; sound fruit;
      a sound tooth; a sound ship.
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   2. Healthy; not diseased; not being in a morbid state; --
      said of body or mind; as, a sound body; a sound
      constitution; a sound understanding.
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   3. Firm; strong; safe.
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            The brasswork here, how rich it is in beams,
            And how, besides, it makes the whole house sound.
                                                  --Chapman.
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   4. Free from error; correct; right; honest; true; faithful;
      orthodox; -- said of persons; as, a sound lawyer; a sound
      thinker.
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            Do not I know you a favorer
            Of this new seat? Ye are nor sound.   --Shak.
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   5. Founded in truth or right; supported by justice; not to be
      overthrown on refuted; not fallacious; as, sound argument
      or reasoning; a sound objection; sound doctrine; sound
      principles.
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            Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast
            heard of me.                          --2 Tim. i.
                                                  13.
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   6. heavy; laid on with force; as, a sound beating.
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   7. Undisturbed; deep; profound; as, sound sleep.
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   8. Founded in law; legal; valid; not defective; as, a sound
      title to land.
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   Note: Sound is sometimes used in the formation of
         self-explaining compounds; as, sound-headed,
         sound-hearted, sound-timbered, etc.
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   Sound currency (Com.), a currency whose actual value is the
      same as its nominal value; a currency which does not
      deteriorate or depreciate or fluctuate in comparision with
      the standard of values.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, n. [F. sonde. See Sound to fathom.] (Med.)
   Any elongated instrument or probe, usually metallic, by which
   cavities of the body are sounded or explored, especially the
   bladder for stone, or the urethra for a stricture.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, v. i.
   To ascertain the depth of water with a sounding line or other
   device.
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         I sound as a shipman soundeth in the sea with his
         plummet to know the depth of sea.        --Palsgrave.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, adv.
   Soundly.
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         So sound he slept that naught might him awake.
                                                  --Spenser.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, n. [AS. sund a narrow sea or strait; akin to
   Icel., Sw., Dan. & G. sund, probably so named because it
   could be swum across. See Swim.] (Geog.)
   A narrow passage of water, or a strait between the mainland
   and an island; also, a strait connecting two seas, or
   connecting a sea or lake with the ocean; as, the Sound
   between the Baltic and the german Ocean; Long Island Sound.
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         The Sound of Denmark, where ships pay toll. --Camden.
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   Sound dues, tolls formerly imposed by Denmark on vessels
      passing through the Baltic Sound.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sounded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Sounding.] [F. sonder; cf. AS. sundgyrd a sounding rod,
   sundline a sounding line (see Sound a narrow passage of
   water).]
   1. To measure the depth of; to fathom; especially, to
      ascertain the depth of by means of a line and plummet.
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   2. Fig.: To ascertain, or try to ascertain, the thoughts,
      motives, and purposes of (a person); to examine; to try;
      to test; to probe.
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            I was in jest,
            And by that offer meant to sound your breast.
                                                  --Dryden.
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            I've sounded my Numidians man by man. --Addison.
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   3. (Med.) To explore, as the bladder or urethra, with a
      sound; to examine with a sound; also, to examine by
      auscultation or percussion; as, to sound a patient.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, v. t.
   1. To cause to make a noise; to play on; as, to sound a
      trumpet or a horn; to sound an alarm.
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            A bagpipe well could he play and soun[d]. --Chaucer.
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   2. To cause to exit as a sound; as, to sound a note with the
      voice, or on an instrument.
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   3. To order, direct, indicate, or proclain by a sound, or
      sounds; to give a signal for by a certain sound; as, to
      sound a retreat; to sound a parley.
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            The clock sounded the hour of noon.   --G. H. Lewes.
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   4. To celebrate or honor by sounds; to cause to be reported;
      to publish or proclaim; as, to sound the praises of fame
      of a great man or a great exploit.
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   5. To examine the condition of (anything) by causing the same
      to emit sounds and noting their character; as, to sound a
      piece of timber; to sound a vase; to sound the lungs of a
      patient.
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   6. To signify; to import; to denote. [Obs.] --Milton.
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            Soun[d]ing alway the increase of his winning.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, n. [OE. soun, OF. son, sun, F. son, fr. L. sonus
   akin to Skr. svana sound, svan to sound, and perh. to E.
   swan. Cf. Assonant, Consonant, Person, Sonata,
   Sonnet, Sonorous, Swan.]
   1. The peceived object occasioned by the impulse or vibration
      of a material substance affecting the ear; a sensation or
      perception of the mind received through the ear, and
      produced by the impulse or vibration of the air or other
      medium with which the ear is in contact; the effect of an
      impression made on the organs of hearing by an impulse or
      vibration of the air caused by a collision of bodies, or
      by other means; noise; report; as, the sound of a drum;
      the sound of the human voice; a horrid sound; a charming
      sound; a sharp, high, or shrill sound.
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            The warlike sound
            Of trumpets loud and clarions.        --Milton.
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   2. The occasion of sound; the impulse or vibration which
      would occasion sound to a percipient if present with
      unimpaired; hence, the theory of vibrations in elastic
      media such cause sound; as, a treatise on sound.
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   Note: In this sense, sounds are spoken of as audible and
         inaudible.
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   3. Noise without signification; empty noise; noise and
      nothing else.
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            Sense and not sound . . . must be the principle.
                                                  --Locke.
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   Sound boarding, boards for holding pugging, placed in
      partitions of under floors in order to deaden sounds.

   Sound bow, in a series of transverse sections of a bell,
      that segment against which the clapper strikes, being the
      part which is most efficacious in producing the sound. See
      Illust. of Bell.

   Sound post. (Mus.) See Sounding post, under Sounding.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sound \Sound\, v. i. [OE. sounen, sownen, OF. soner, suner, F.
   sonner, from L. sonare. See Sound a noise.]
   1. To make a noise; to utter a voice; to make an impulse of
      the air that shall strike the organs of hearing with a
      perceptible effect. "And first taught speaking trumpets
      how to sound." --Dryden.
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            How silver-sweet sound lovers' tongues! --Shak.
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   2. To be conveyed in sound; to be spread or published; to
      convey intelligence by sound.
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            From you sounded out the word of the Lord. --1
                                                  Thess. i. 8.
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   3. To make or convey a certain impression, or to have a
      certain import, when heard; hence, to seem; to appear; as,
      this reproof sounds harsh; the story sounds like an
      invention.
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            Good sir, why do you start, and seem to fear
            Things that do sound so fair?         --Shak.
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   To sound in or To sound into, to tend to; to partake of
      the nature of; to be consonant with. [Obs., except in the
      phrase To sound in damages, below.]
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            Soun[d]ing in moral virtue was his speech.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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   To sound in damages (Law), to have the essential quality of
      damages. This is said of an action brought, not for the
      recovery of a specific thing, as replevin, etc., but for
      damages only, as trespass, and the like.
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