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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Southern \South"ern\ (?; 277), a. [AS. s[=u][eth]ern. See South.] Of or pertaining to the south; situated in, or proceeding from, the south; situated or proceeding toward the south. [1913 Webster] Southern Cross (Astron.), a constellation of the southern hemisphere containing several bright stars so related in position as to resemble a cross. Southern Fish (Astron.), a constelation of the southern hemisphere (Piscis Australis) containing the bright star Fomalhaut. Southern States (U.S. Hist. & Geog.), the States of the American Union lying south of Pennsylvania and the Ohio River, with Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. Before the Civil War, Missouri also, being a slave State, was classed as one of the Southern States. [1913 Webster]