spell


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, n. [OE. speld, AS. speld a spill to light a
   candle with; akin to D. speld a pin, OD. spelle, G. spalten
   to split, OHG. spaltan, MHG. spelte a splinter, Icel. spjald
   a square tablet, Goth. spilda a writing tablet. Cf.
   Spillsplinter, roll of paper, Spell to tell the letters
   of.]
   A spelk, or splinter. [Obs.] --Holland.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spelled; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Spelling.] [AS. spelian to supply another's place.]
   To supply the place of for a time; to take the turn of, at
   work; to relieve; as, to spell the helmsman.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, n.[AS. spell a saying, tale, speech; akin to OS.
   & OHG. spel, Icel. spjall,Goth. spill. Cf. Gospel, Spell
   to tell the letters of.]
   1. A story; a tale. [Obs.] "Hearken to my spell." --Chaucer.
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   2. A stanza, verse, or phrase supposed to be endowed with
      magical power; an incantation; hence, any charm.
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            Start not; her actions shall be holy as
            You hear my spell is lawful.          --Shak.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, n.
   1. The relief of one person by another in any piece of work
      or watching; also, a turn at work which is carried on by
      one person or gang relieving another; as, a spell at the
      pumps; a spell at the masthead.
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            A spell at the wheel is called a trick. --Ham. Nav.
                                                  Encyc.
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   2. The time during which one person or gang works until
      relieved; hence, any relatively short period of time,
      whether a few hours, days, or weeks.
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            Nothing new has happened in this quarter, except the
            setting in of a severe spell of cold weather.
                                                  --Washington.
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   3. One of two or more persons or gangs who work by spells.
      [R.]
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            Their toil is so extreme that they can not endure it
            above four hours in a day, but are succeeded by
            spells.                               --Garew.
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   4. A gratuitous helping forward of another's work; as, a
      logging spell. [Local, U.S.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spelledor Spelt; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Spelling.] [OE. spellen, spellien, tell, relate, AS.
   spellian, fr. spell a saying, tale; akin to MHG. spellen to
   relate, Goth. spill?n.e Spell a tale. In sense 4 and those
   following, OE. spellen, perhaps originally a different word,
   and from or influenced by spell a splinter, from the use of a
   piece of wood to point to the letters in schools: cf. D.
   spellen to spell. Cf. Spell splinter.]
   1. To tell; to relate; to teach. [Obs.]
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            Might I that legend find,
            By fairies spelt in mystic rhymes.    --T. Warton.
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   2. To put under the influence of a spell; to affect by a
      spell; to bewitch; to fascinate; to charm. "Spelled with
      words of power." --Dryden.
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            He was much spelled with Eleanor Talbot. --Sir G.
                                                  Buck.
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   3. To constitute; to measure. [Obs.]
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            The Saxon heptarchy, when seven kings put together
            did spell but one in effect.          --Fuller.
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   4. To tell or name in their proper order letters of, as a
      word; to write or print in order the letters of, esp. the
      proper letters; to form, as words, by correct orthography.
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            The word "satire" ought to be spelled with i, and
            not with y.                           --Dryden.
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   5. To discover by characters or marks; to read with
      difficulty; -- usually with out; as, to spell out the
      sense of an author; to spell out a verse in the Bible.
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            To spell out a God in the works of creation.
                                                  --South.
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            To sit spelling and observing divine justice upon
            every accident.                       --Milton.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spell \Spell\, v. i.
   1. To form words with letters, esp. with the proper letters,
      either orally or in writing.
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            When what small knowledge was, in them did dwell,
            And he a god, who could but read or spell. --Dryden.
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   2. To study by noting characters; to gain knowledge or learn
      the meaning of anything, by study. [Obs.]
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            Where I may sit and rightly spell
            Of every star that heaven doth shew,
            And every herb that sips the dew.     --Milton.
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