spruce


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spruce \Spruce\ (spr[udd]s), n. [OE. Spruce or Pruse, Prussia,
   Prussian. So named because it was first known as a native of
   Prussia, or because its sprouts were used for making, spruce
   beer. Cf. Spruce beer, below, Spruce, a.]
   1. (Bot.) Any coniferous tree of the genus Picea, as the
      Norway spruce (Picea excelsa), and the white and black
      spruces of America (Picea alba and Picea nigra),
      besides several others in the far Northwest. See Picea.
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   2. The wood or timber of the spruce tree.
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   3. Prussia leather; pruce. [Obs.]
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            Spruce, a sort of leather corruptly so called for
            Prussia leather.                      --E. Phillips.
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   Douglas spruce (Bot.), a valuable timber tree ({Pseudotsuga
      Douglasii}) of Northwestern America.

   Essence of spruce, a thick, dark-colored, bitterish, and
      acidulous liquid made by evaporating a decoction of the
      young branches of spruce.

   Hemlock spruce (Bot.), a graceful coniferous tree ({Tsuga
      Canadensis}) of North America. Its timber is valuable, and
      the bark is largely used in tanning leather.

   Spruce beer. [G. sprossenbier; sprosse sprout, shoot (akin
      to E. sprout, n.) + bier beer. The word was changed into
      spruce beer because the beer came from Prussia (OE.
      Spruce), or because it was made from the sprouts of the
      spruce. See Sprout, n., Beer, and cf. Spruce, n.] A
      kind of beer which is tinctured or flavored with spruce,
      either by means of the extract or by decoction.

   Spruce grouse. (Zool.) Same as Spruce partridge, below.
      

   Spruce leather. See Spruce, n., 3.

   Spruce partridge (Zool.), a handsome American grouse
      (Dendragapus Canadensis) found in Canada and the
      Northern United States; -- called also Canada grouse.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spruce \Spruce\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spruced (spr[udd]st); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Sprucing (spr[udd]"s[i^]ng).]
   To dress with affected neatness; to trim; to make spruce; --
   often used with up; as, to spruce up the house for Company.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spruce \Spruce\, v. i.
   To dress one's self with affected neatness; as, to spruce up.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Spruce \Spruce\ (spr[udd]s), a. [Compar. Sprucer
   (spr[udd]"s[~e]r); superl. Sprucest (spr[udd]"s[e^]st).]
   [Perhaps fr. spruce a sort of leather from Prussia, which was
   an article of finery. See Spruce, n.]
   1. Neat, without elegance or dignity; smart; trim; --
      formerly applied to things with a serious meaning; now
      chiefly applied to persons. "Neat and spruce array."
      --Remedy of Love.
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   2. Sprightly; dashing. [Obs.] "Now, my spruce companions."
      --Shak.
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            He is so spruce that he can never be genteel.
                                                  --Tatler.
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   Syn: Finical; neat; trim. See Finical.
        [1913 Webster] -- Spruce"ly, adv. -- Spruce"ness, n.
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