square


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F.
   ['e]querre a carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra), fr.
   (assumed) LL. exquadrare to make square; L. ex + quadrus a
   square, fr. quattuor four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant,
   Squad, Squire a square.]
   1. (Geom.)
      (a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.]
      (b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right
          angles.
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   2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as:
      (a) A square piece or fragment.
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                He bolted his food down his capacious throat in
                squares of three inches.          --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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      (b) A pane of glass.
      (c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion
          of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in
          reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers.
      (d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet.
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   3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side;
      sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or
      area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of
      two or more streets.
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            The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large
            square of the town.                   --Addison.
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   4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right
      angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or
      test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square,
      the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
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   5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]
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   6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity
      multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8
      [times] 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a^2 + 2ab +
      b^2.
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   7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct;
      regularity; rule. [Obs.]
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            They of Galatia [were] much more out of square.
                                                  --Hooker.
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            I have not kept my square.            --Shak.
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   8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one
      formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. "The
      brave squares of war." --Shak.
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   9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement;
      equality; level.
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            We live not on the square with such as these.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees
       from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]
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   11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]
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   12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually
       worked or embroidered. [Obs.] --Shak.
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   fair and square in a fair, straightforward, and honest
      manner; justly; as, he beat me fair and square.

   Geometrical square. See Quadrat, n., 2.

   Hollow square (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of
      a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and
      the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.
      

   Least square, Magic square, etc. See under Least,
      Magic, etc.

   On the square, or Upon the square,
       (a) in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor;
           justly. [Obs or Colloq.]
       (b) at right angles.

   On the square with, or Upon the square with, upon
      equality with; even with. --Nares.

   To be all squares, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens.

   To be at square, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.]
      --Nares.

   To break no squares, to give no offense; to make no
      difference. [Obs.]

   To break squares, to depart from an accustomed order.
      [Obs.]

   To see how the squares go, to see how the game proceeds; --
      a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard
      being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Square \Square\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared (skw[^a]rd); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Squaring.] [Cf. OF. escarrer, esquarrer. See
   Square, n.]
   1. To form with four equal sides and four right angles.
      --Spenser.
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   2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat
      surfaces; as, to square masons' work.
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   3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or
      standard. --Shak.
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   4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to
      square our actions by the opinions of others.
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            Square my trial
            To my proportioned strength.          --Milton.
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   5. To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference;
      to balance; as, to square accounts.
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   6. (Math.) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a
      quantity.
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   7. (Astrol.) To hold a quartile position respecting.
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            The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales.
                                                  --Creech.
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   8. (Naut.) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to
      square the yards.
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   To square one's shoulders, to raise the shoulders so as to
      give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing
      contempt or dislike. --Sir W. Scott.

   To square the circle (Math.), to determine the exact
      contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of
      this famous problem is now generally admitted to be
      impossible.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), a.
   1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as,
      a square figure.
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   2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner.
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   3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and
      angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a
      square frame.
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   4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.
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            She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to
            her.                                  --Shak.
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   5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square
      dealing.
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   6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the
      accounts square.
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   7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.
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            By Heaven, square eaters.
            More meat, I say.                     --Beau. & Fl.
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   8. (Naut.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and
      parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a
      square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
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   Note: Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or
         combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered,
         square-cut, square-nosed, etc.
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   Square foot, an area equal to that of a square the sides of
      which are twelve inches; 144 square inches.

   Square knot, a knot in which the terminal and standing
      parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust.
      under Knot.

   Square measure, the measure of a superficies or surface
      which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly.
      The units of square measure are squares whose sides are
      the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet,
      square meters, etc.

   Square number. See Square, n., 6.

   Square root of a number or Square root of a quantity
      (Math.), that number or quantity which, multiplied by
      itself, produces the given number or quantity.

   Square sail (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard
      suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a
      schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail
      boomed out. See Illust. of Sail.

   Square stern (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining
      the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a
      round stern, which has no transom.

   Three-square, Five-square, etc., having three, five,
      etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.

   To get square with, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Square \Square\, v. i.
   1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to
      conform or agree; to suit; to fit.
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            No works shall find acceptance . . .
            That square not truly with the Scripture plan.
                                                  --Cowper.
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   2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or
      defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.]
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            Are you such fools
            To square for this?                   --Shak.
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   3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes
      with off. [Colloq.] --Dickens.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rhomb \Rhomb\ (r[o^]mb or r[o^]m; 277), n. [L. rhombus, Gr.
   "ro`mbos rhomb, a spinning top, magic wheel, fr. "re`mbein to
   turn or whirl round, perhaps akin to E. wrench: cf. F.
   rhombe. Cf. Rhombus, Rhumb.]
   1. (Geom.) An equilateral parallelogram, or quadrilateral
      figure whose sides are equal and the opposite sides
      parallel. The angles may be unequal, two being obtuse and
      two acute, as in the cut, or the angles may be equal, in
      which case it is usually called a square.
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   2. (Geom.) A rhombohedron.
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   Fresnel's rhomb (Opt.), a rhomb or oblique parallelopiped
      of crown or St. Gobain glass so cut that a ray of light
      entering one of its faces at right angles shall emerge at
      right angles at the opposite face, after undergoing within
      the rhomb, at other faces, two reflections. It is used to
      produce a ray circularly polarized from a plane-polarized
      ray, or the reverse. --Nichol.
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