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square

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

```Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F.
['e]querre a carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra), fr.
square, fr. quattuor four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant,
1. (Geom.)
(a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.]
(b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right
angles.
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2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as:
(a) A square piece or fragment.
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He bolted his food down his capacious throat in
squares of three inches.          --Sir W.
Scott.
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(b) A pane of glass.
(c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion
of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in
(d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet.
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3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side;
sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or
area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of
two or more streets.
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The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large
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4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right
angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or
test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square,
the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
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5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]
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6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity
multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8
[times] 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a^2 + 2ab +
b^2.
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7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct;
regularity; rule. [Obs.]
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They of Galatia [were] much more out of square.
--Hooker.
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I have not kept my square.            --Shak.
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8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one
formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. "The
brave squares of war." --Shak.
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9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement;
equality; level.
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We live not on the square with such as these.
--Dryden.
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10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees
from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]
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11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]
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12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually
worked or embroidered. [Obs.] --Shak.
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fair and square in a fair, straightforward, and honest
manner; justly; as, he beat me fair and square.

Geometrical square. See Quadrat, n., 2.

Hollow square (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of
a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and
the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.

Least square, Magic square, etc. See under Least,
Magic, etc.

On the square, or Upon the square,
(a) in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor;
justly. [Obs or Colloq.]
(b) at right angles.

On the square with, or Upon the square with, upon
equality with; even with. --Nares.

To be all squares, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens.

To be at square, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.]
--Nares.

To break no squares, to give no offense; to make no
difference. [Obs.]

To break squares, to depart from an accustomed order.
[Obs.]

To see how the squares go, to see how the game proceeds; --
a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard
being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.
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```

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

```Square \Square\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared (skw[^a]rd); p.
pr. & vb. n. Squaring.] [Cf. OF. escarrer, esquarrer. See
Square, n.]
1. To form with four equal sides and four right angles.
--Spenser.
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2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat
surfaces; as, to square masons' work.
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3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or
standard. --Shak.
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4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to
square our actions by the opinions of others.
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Square my trial
To my proportioned strength.          --Milton.
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5. To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference;
to balance; as, to square accounts.
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6. (Math.) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a
quantity.
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7. (Astrol.) To hold a quartile position respecting.
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The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales.
--Creech.
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8. (Naut.) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to
square the yards.
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To square one's shoulders, to raise the shoulders so as to
give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing
contempt or dislike. --Sir W. Scott.

To square the circle (Math.), to determine the exact
contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of
this famous problem is now generally admitted to be
impossible.
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```

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

```Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), a.
1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as,
a square figure.
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2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner.
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3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and
angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a
square frame.
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4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.
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She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to
her.                                  --Shak.
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5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square
dealing.
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6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the
accounts square.
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7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.
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By Heaven, square eaters.
More meat, I say.                     --Beau. & Fl.
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8. (Naut.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and
parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a
square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
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Note: Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or
combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered,
square-cut, square-nosed, etc.
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Square foot, an area equal to that of a square the sides of
which are twelve inches; 144 square inches.

Square knot, a knot in which the terminal and standing
parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust.
under Knot.

Square measure, the measure of a superficies or surface
which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly.
The units of square measure are squares whose sides are
the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet,
square meters, etc.

Square number. See Square, n., 6.

Square root of a number or Square root of a quantity
(Math.), that number or quantity which, multiplied by
itself, produces the given number or quantity.

Square sail (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard
suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a
schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail
boomed out. See Illust. of Sail.

Square stern (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining
the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a
round stern, which has no transom.

Three-square, Five-square, etc., having three, five,
etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.

To get square with, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

```Square \Square\, v. i.
1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to
conform or agree; to suit; to fit.
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No works shall find acceptance . . .
That square not truly with the Scripture plan.
--Cowper.
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2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or
defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.]
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Are you such fools
To square for this?                   --Shak.
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3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes
with off. [Colloq.] --Dickens.
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```

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

```Rhomb \Rhomb\ (r[o^]mb or r[o^]m; 277), n. [L. rhombus, Gr.
"ro`mbos rhomb, a spinning top, magic wheel, fr. "re`mbein to
turn or whirl round, perhaps akin to E. wrench: cf. F.
rhombe. Cf. Rhombus, Rhumb.]
1. (Geom.) An equilateral parallelogram, or quadrilateral
figure whose sides are equal and the opposite sides
parallel. The angles may be unequal, two being obtuse and
two acute, as in the cut, or the angles may be equal, in
which case it is usually called a square.
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2. (Geom.) A rhombohedron.
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Fresnel's rhomb (Opt.), a rhomb or oblique parallelopiped
of crown or St. Gobain glass so cut that a ray of light
entering one of its faces at right angles shall emerge at
right angles at the opposite face, after undergoing within
the rhomb, at other faces, two reflections. It is used to
produce a ray circularly polarized from a plane-polarized
ray, or the reverse. --Nichol.
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