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# square

From *The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48*:

Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F. ['e]querre a carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra), fr. (assumed) LL. exquadrare to make square; L. ex + quadrus a square, fr. quattuor four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant, Squad, Squire a square.] 1. (Geom.) (a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.] (b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as: (a) A square piece or fragment. [1913 Webster] He bolted his food down his capacious throat in squares of three inches. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] (b) A pane of glass. (c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers. (d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet. [1913 Webster] 3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets. [1913 Webster] The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large square of the town. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc. [1913 Webster] 5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 [times] 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a^2 + 2ab + b^2. [1913 Webster] 7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] They of Galatia [were] much more out of square. --Hooker. [1913 Webster] I have not kept my square. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. "The brave squares of war." --Shak. [1913 Webster] 9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level. [1913 Webster] We live not on the square with such as these. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.] [1913 Webster] 12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster] fair and square in a fair, straightforward, and honest manner; justly; as, he beat me fair and square. Geometrical square. See Quadrat, n., 2. Hollow square (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle. Least square, Magic square, etc. See under Least, Magic, etc. On the square, or Upon the square, (a) in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor; justly. [Obs or Colloq.] (b) at right angles. On the square with, or Upon the square with, upon equality with; even with. --Nares. To be all squares, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens. To be at square, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.] --Nares. To break no squares, to give no offense; to make no difference. [Obs.] To break squares, to depart from an accustomed order. [Obs.] To see how the squares go, to see how the game proceeds; -- a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster] .

From *The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48*:

Square \Square\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared (skw[^a]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Squaring.] [Cf. OF. escarrer, esquarrer. See Square, n.] 1. To form with four equal sides and four right angles. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, to square masons' work. [1913 Webster] 3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to square our actions by the opinions of others. [1913 Webster] Square my trial To my proportioned strength. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 5. To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference; to balance; as, to square accounts. [1913 Webster] 6. (Math.) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a quantity. [1913 Webster] 7. (Astrol.) To hold a quartile position respecting. [1913 Webster] The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales. --Creech. [1913 Webster] 8. (Naut.) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to square the yards. [1913 Webster] To square one's shoulders, to raise the shoulders so as to give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing contempt or dislike. --Sir W. Scott. To square the circle (Math.), to determine the exact contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of this famous problem is now generally admitted to be impossible. [1913 Webster] .

From *The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48*:

Square \Square\ (skw[^a]r), a. 1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure. [1913 Webster] 2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner. [1913 Webster] 3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a square frame. [1913 Webster] 4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just. [1913 Webster] She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to her. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square dealing. [1913 Webster] 6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts square. [1913 Webster] 7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous. [1913 Webster] By Heaven, square eaters. More meat, I say. --Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] 8. (Naut.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced. [1913 Webster] Note: Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered, square-cut, square-nosed, etc. [1913 Webster] Square foot, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelve inches; 144 square inches. Square knot, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust. under Knot. Square measure, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet, square meters, etc. Square number. See Square, n., 6. Square root of a number or Square root of a quantity (Math.), that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself, produces the given number or quantity. Square sail (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See Illust. of Sail. Square stern (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a round stern, which has no transom. Three-square, Five-square, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file. To get square with, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] .

From *The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48*:

Square \Square\, v. i. 1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit. [1913 Webster] No works shall find acceptance . . . That square not truly with the Scripture plan. --Cowper. [1913 Webster] 2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Are you such fools To square for this? --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes with off. [Colloq.] --Dickens. [1913 Webster] .

From *The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48*:

Rhomb \Rhomb\ (r[o^]mb or r[o^]m; 277), n. [L. rhombus, Gr. "ro`mbos rhomb, a spinning top, magic wheel, fr. "re`mbein to turn or whirl round, perhaps akin to E. wrench: cf. F. rhombe. Cf. Rhombus, Rhumb.] 1. (Geom.) An equilateral parallelogram, or quadrilateral figure whose sides are equal and the opposite sides parallel. The angles may be unequal, two being obtuse and two acute, as in the cut, or the angles may be equal, in which case it is usually called a square. [1913 Webster] 2. (Geom.) A rhombohedron. [1913 Webster] Fresnel's rhomb (Opt.), a rhomb or oblique parallelopiped of crown or St. Gobain glass so cut that a ray of light entering one of its faces at right angles shall emerge at right angles at the opposite face, after undergoing within the rhomb, at other faces, two reflections. It is used to produce a ray circularly polarized from a plane-polarized ray, or the reverse. --Nichol. [1913 Webster]