From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Nettle \Net"tle\, n. [AS. netele; akin to D. netel, G. nessel,
   OHG. nezz["i]la, nazza, Dan. nelde, n[aum]lde, Sw.
   n[aum]ssla; cf, Lith. notere.] (Bot.)
   A plant of the genus Urtica, covered with minute sharp
   hairs containing a poison that produces a stinging sensation.
   Urtica gracilis is common in the Northern, and {Urtica
   chamaedryoides} in the Southern, United States. The common
   European species, Urtica urens and Urtica dioica, are
   also found in the Eastern united States. Urtica pilulifera
   is the Roman nettle of England.
   [1913 Webster]

   Note: The term nettle has been given to many plants related
         to, or to some way resembling, the true nettle; as:

   Australian nettle, a stinging tree or shrub of the genus
      Laportea (as Laportea gigas and Laportea moroides);
      -- also called nettle tree.

   Bee nettle, Hemp nettle, a species of Galeopsis. See
      under Hemp.

   Blind nettle, Dead nettle, a harmless species of

   False nettle (Baehmeria cylindrica), a plant common in
      the United States, and related to the true nettles.

   Hedge nettle, a species of Stachys. See under Hedge.

   Horse nettle (Solanum Carolinense). See under Horse.

   nettle tree.
   (a) Same as Hackberry.
   (b) See Australian nettle (above).

   Spurge nettle, a stinging American herb of the Spurge
      family (Jatropha urens).

   Wood nettle, a plant (Laportea Canadensis) which stings
      severely, and is related to the true nettles.
      [1913 Webster]

   Nettle cloth, a kind of thick cotton stuff, japanned, and
      used as a substitute for leather for various purposes.

   Nettle rash (Med.), an eruptive disease resembling the
      effects of whipping with nettles.

   Sea nettle (Zool.), a medusa.
      [1913 Webster]
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