stand


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Stand \Stand\ (st[a^]nd), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Stood
   (st[oo^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. Standing.] [OE. standen; AS.
   standan; akin to OFries. stonda, st[=a]n, D. staan, OS.
   standan, st[=a]n, OHG. stantan, st[=a]n, G. stehen, Icel.
   standa, Dan. staae, Sw. st[*a], Goth. standan, Russ. stoiate,
   L. stare, Gr. 'ista`nai to cause to stand, sth^nai to stand,
   Skr. sth[=a]. [root]163. Cf. Assist, Constant,
   Contrast, Desist, Destine, Ecstasy, Exist,
   Interstice, Obstacle, Obstinate, Prest, n., Rest
   remainder, Solstice, Stable, a. & n., Staff, Stage,
   Stall, n., Stamen, Stanchion, Stanza, State, n.,
   Statute, Stead, Steed, Stool, Stud of horses,
   Substance, System.]
   1. To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an
      upright or firm position; as:
      (a) To be supported on the feet, in an erect or nearly
          erect position; -- opposed to lie, sit, kneel,
          etc. "I pray you all, stand up!" --Shak.
      (b) To continue upright in a certain locality, as a tree
          fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its
          foundation.
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                It stands as it were to the ground yglued.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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                The ruined wall
                Stands when its wind-worn battlements are gone.
                                                  --Byron.
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   2. To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be
      situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.
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            Wite ye not where there stands a little town?
                                                  --Chaucer.
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   3. To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause;
      to halt; to remain stationary.
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            I charge thee, stand,
            And tell thy name.                    --Dryden.
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            The star, which they saw in the east, went before
            them, till it came and stood over where the young
            child was.                            --Matt. ii. 9.
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   4. To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against
      tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to
      endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or
      resources.
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            My mind on its own center stands unmoved. --Dryden.
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   5. To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or
      yield; to be safe.
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            Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall.
                                                  --Spectator.
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   6. To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be
      fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance
      or opposition. "The standing pattern of their imitation."
      --South.
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            The king granted the Jews . . . to gather themselves
            together, and to stand for their life. --Esther
                                                  viii. 11.
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   7. To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral
      rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.
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            We must labor so as to stand with godliness,
            according to his appointment.         --Latimer.
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   8. To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a
      particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love,
      stands first in the rank of gifts.
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   9. To be in some particular state; to have essence or being;
      to be; to consist. "Sacrifices . . . which stood only in
      meats and drinks." --Heb. ix. 10.
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            Accomplish what your signs foreshow;
            I stand resigned, and am prepared to go. --Dryden.
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            Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not
            tarry.                                --Sir W.
                                                  Scott.
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   10. To be consistent; to agree; to accord.
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             Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing
             But what may stand with honor.       --Massinger.
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   11. (Naut.) To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the
       shore; to stand for the harbor.
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             From the same parts of heaven his navy stands.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   12. To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.
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             He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the
             university.                          --Walton.
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   13. To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.
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             Or the black water of Pomptina stands. --Dryden.
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   14. To measure when erect on the feet.
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             Six feet two, as I think, he stands. --Tennyson.
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   15. (Law)
       (a) To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to
           have efficacy or validity; to abide. --Bouvier.
       (b) To appear in court. --Burrill.
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   16. (Card Playing) To be, or signify that one is, willing to
       play with one's hand as dealt.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Stand by (Naut.), a preparatory order, equivalent to {Be
      ready}.

   To stand against, to oppose; to resist.

   To stand by.
       (a) To be near; to be a spectator; to be present.
       (b) To be aside; to be set aside with disregard. "In the
           interim [we] let the commands stand by neglected."
           --Dr. H. More.
       (c) To maintain; to defend; to support; not to desert;
           as, to stand by one's principles or party.
       (d) To rest on for support; to be supported by.
           --Whitgift.
       (e) To remain as a spectator, and take no part in an
           action; as, we can't just stand idly by while people
           are being killed.

   To stand corrected, to be set right, as after an error in a
      statement of fact; to admit having been in error.
      --Wycherley.

   To stand fast, to be fixed; to be unshaken or immovable.

   To stand firmly on, to be satisfied or convinced of.
      "Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his
      wife's frailty." --Shak.

   To stand for.
       (a) To side with; to espouse the cause of; to support; to
           maintain, or to profess or attempt to maintain; to
           defend. "I stand wholly for you." --Shak.
       (b) To be in the place of; to be the substitute or
           representative of; to represent; as, a cipher at the
           left hand of a figure stands for nothing. "I will not
           trouble myself, whether these names stand for the
           same thing, or really include one another." --Locke.
       (c) To tolerate; as, I won't stand for any delay.

   To stand in, to cost. "The same standeth them in much less
      cost." --Robynson (More's Utopia).

            The Punic wars could not have stood the human race
            in less than three millions of the species. --Burke.

   To stand in hand, to conduce to one's interest; to be
      serviceable or advantageous.

   To stand off.
       (a) To keep at a distance.
       (b) Not to comply.
       (c) To keep at a distance in friendship, social
           intercourse, or acquaintance.
       (d) To appear prominent; to have relief. "Picture is best
           when it standeth off, as if it were carved." --Sir H.
           Wotton.

   To stand off and on (Naut.), to remain near a coast by
      sailing toward land and then from it.

   To stand on (Naut.), to continue on the same tack or
      course.

   To stand out.
       (a) To project; to be prominent. "Their eyes stand out
           with fatness." --Psalm lxxiii. 7.
       (b) To persist in opposition or resistance; not to yield
           or comply; not to give way or recede.

                 His spirit is come in,
                 That so stood out against the holy church.
                                                  --Shak.

   To stand to.
       (a) To ply; to urge; to persevere in using. "Stand to
           your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars."
           --Dryden.
       (b) To remain fixed in a purpose or opinion. "I will
           stand to it, that this is his sense." --Bp.
           Stillingfleet.
       (c) To abide by; to adhere to; as to a contract,
           assertion, promise, etc.; as, to stand to an award;
           to stand to one's word.
       (d) Not to yield; not to fly; to maintain, as one's
           ground. "Their lives and fortunes were put in safety,
           whether they stood to it or ran away." --Bacon.
       (e) To be consistent with; to agree with; as, it stands
           to reason that he could not have done so; same as
           stand with, below .
       (f) To support; to uphold. "Stand to me in this cause."
           --Shak.

   To stand together, to be consistent; to agree.

   To stand to reason to be reasonable; to be expected.

   To stand to sea (Naut.), to direct the course from land.

   To stand under, to undergo; to withstand. --Shak.

   To stand up.
       (a) To rise from sitting; to be on the feet.
       (b) To arise in order to speak or act. "Against whom,
           when the accusers stood up, they brought none
           accusation of such things as I supposed." --Acts xxv.
           18.
       (c) To rise and stand on end, as the hair.
       (d) To put one's self in opposition; to contend. "Once we
           stood up about the corn." --Shak.

   To stand up for, to defend; to justify; to support, or
      attempt to support; as, to stand up for the
      administration.

   To stand upon.
       (a) To concern; to interest.
       (b) To value; to esteem. "We highly esteem and stand much
           upon our birth." --Ray.
       (c) To insist on; to attach much importance to; as, to
           stand upon security; to stand upon ceremony.
       (d) To attack; to assault. [A Hebraism] "So I stood upon
           him, and slew him." --2 Sam. i. 10.

   To stand with, to be consistent with. "It stands with
      reason that they should be rewarded liberally." --Sir J.
      Davies.
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Stand \Stand\ (st[a^]nd), n. [AS. stand. See Stand, v. i.]
   1. The act of standing.
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            I took my stand upon an eminence . . . to look into
            their several ladings.                --Spectator.
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   2. A halt or stop for the purpose of defense, resistance, or
      opposition; as, to come to, or to make, a stand.
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            Vice is at stand, and at the highest flow. --Dryden.
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   3. A place or post where one stands; a place where one may
      stand while observing or waiting for something.
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            I have found you out a stand most fit,
            Where you may have such vantage on the duke,
            He shall not pass you.                --Shak.
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   4. A station in a city or town where carriages or wagons
      stand for hire; as, a cab stand. --Dickens.
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   5. A raised platform or station where a race or other outdoor
      spectacle may be viewed; as, the judge's or the grand
      stand at a race course.
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   6. A small table; also, something on or in which anything may
      be laid, hung, or placed upright; as, a hatstand; an
      umbrella stand; a music stand.
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   7. The place where a witness stands to testify in court.
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   8. The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.; as, a good,
      bad, or convenient stand for business. [U. S.]
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   9. Rank; post; station; standing.
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            Father, since your fortune did attain
            So high a stand, I mean not to descend. --Daniel.
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   10. A state of perplexity or embarrassment; as, to be at a
       stand what to do. --L'Estrange.
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   11. A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut;
       also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in
       distinction from one produced from a scion set in a
       stock, either of the same or another kind of tree.
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   12. (Com.) A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three
       hundred pounds, -- used in weighing pitch.
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   Microscope stand, the instrument, excepting the eyepiece,
      objective, and other removable optical parts.

   Stand of ammunition, the projectile, cartridge, and sabot
      connected together.

   Stand of arms. (Mil.) See under Arms.

   Stand of colors (Mil.), a single color, or flag. --Wilhelm
      (Mil. Dict.)

   To be at a stand, to be stationary or motionless; to be at
      a standstill; hence, to be perplexed; to be embarrassed.
      

   To make a stand, to halt for the purpose of offering
      resistance to a pursuing enemy.
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   Syn: Stop; halt; rest; interruption; obstruction; perplexity;
        difficulty; embarrassment; hesitation.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Stand \Stand\ (st[a^]nd), v. t.
   1. To endure; to sustain; to bear; as, I can not stand the
      cold or the heat.
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   2. To resist, without yielding or receding; to withstand.
      "Love stood the siege." --Dryden.
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            He stood the furious foe.             --Pope.
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   3. To abide by; to submit to; to suffer.
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            Bid him disband his legions, . . .
            And stand the judgment of a Roman senate. --Addison.
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   4. To set upright; to cause to stand; as, to stand a book on
      the shelf; to stand a man on his feet.
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   5. To be at the expense of; to pay for; as, to stand a treat.
      [Colloq.] --Thackeray.
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   To stand fire, to receive the fire of arms from an enemy
      without giving way.

   To stand one's ground, to keep the ground or station one
      has taken; to maintain one's position. "Peasants and
      burghers, however brave, are unable to stand their ground
      against veteran soldiers." --Macaulay.

   To stand trial, to sustain the trial or examination of a
      cause; not to give up without trial.
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