surcharge


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Surcharge \Sur*charge"\, n. [F.]
   1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater
      than can well be borne.
      [1913 Webster]

            A numerous nobility causeth poverty and
            inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of
            expense.                              --Bacon.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Law)
      (a) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the
          common than he has a right to.
      (b) (Equity) The showing an omission, as in an account,
          for which credit ought to have been given. --Burrill.
          [1913 Webster]

   3. (Railroads) A charge over the usual or legal rates.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   4. Something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it
      a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date,
      etc.; also (Colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Surcharge \Sur*charge"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surcharged; p.
   pr. & vb. n. Surcharging.] [F. surcharger. See Sur-, and
   Charge, and cf. Overcharge, Supercharge, Supercargo.]
   1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge;
      as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
      [1913 Webster]

            Four charged two, and two surcharged one. --Spenser.
      [1913 Webster]

            Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view,
            Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
                                                  --Dryden.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Law)
      (a) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as
          a common, than the person has a right to do, or more
          than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone.
      (b) (Equity) To show an omission in (an account) for which
          credit ought to have been given. --Story. Daniel.
          [1913 Webster]

   3. To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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