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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Surcoat \Sur"coat`\, n. [OE. surcote, OF. surcote. See Sur-, and Coat, and cf. Overcoat.] 1. A coat worn over the other garments; especially, the long and flowing garment of knights, worn over the armor, and frequently emblazoned with the arms of the wearer. [1913 Webster] A long surcoat of pers upon he had.. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] At night, or in the rain, He dons a surcoat which he doffs at morn. --Emerson. [1913 Webster] 2. A name given to the outer garment of either sex at different epochs of the Middle Ages. [1913 Webster]