survey


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Survey \Sur*vey"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surveyed; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Surveying.] [OF. surveoir, surveer; sur, sor, over, E.
   sur + veoir, veeir, to see, F. voir, L. videre. See Sur-,
   and Vision, and cf. Supervise.]
   1. To inspect, or take a view of; to view with attention, as
      from a high place; to overlook; as, to stand on a hill,
      and survey the surrounding country.
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            Round he surveys and well might, where he stood,
            So high above.                        --Milton.
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   2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine.
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            With such altered looks, . . .
            All pale and speechless, he surveyed me round.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   3. To examine with reference to condition, situation, value,
      etc.; to examine and ascertain the state of; as, to survey
      a building in order to determine its value and exposure to
      loss by fire.
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   4. To determine the form, extent, position, etc., of, as a
      tract of land, a coast, harbor, or the like, by means of
      linear and angular measurments, and the application of the
      principles of geometry and trigonometry; as, to survey
      land or a coast.
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   5. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties
      of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and
      value of the same. [Eng.] --Jacob (Law Dict.).
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.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Survey \Sur"vey\, n. [Formerly accentuated universally on the
   last syllable, and still so accented by many speakers.]
   1. The act of surveying; a general view, as from above.
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            Under his proud survey the city lies. --Sir J.
                                                  Denham.
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   2. A particular view; an examination, especially an official
      examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing,
      with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or
      quality; as, a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of
      roads and bridges; a survey of buildings.
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   3. The operation of finding the contour, dimensions,
      position, or other particulars of, as any part of the
      earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured
      plan and description of any portion of country, or of a
      road or line through it.
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   Survey of dogs. See Court of regard, under Regard.

   Trigonometrical survey, a survey of a portion of country by
      measuring a single base, and connecting it with various
      points in the tract surveyed by a series of triangles, the
      angles of which are carefully measured, the relative
      positions and distances of all parts being computed from
      these data.
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   Syn: Review; retrospect; examination; prospect.
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