take


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Take \Take\ (t[=a]k), obs. p. p. of Take.
   Taken. --Chaucer.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Take \Take\, v. t. [imp. Took (t[oo^]k); p. p. Taken
   (t[=a]k'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.] [Icel. taka; akin to
   Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t[=e]kan to touch; of uncertain
   origin.]
   1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the
      hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or
      possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to
      convey. Hence, specifically: 
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      (a) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get
          the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection
          to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make
          prisoner; as, to take an army, a city, or a ship;
          also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack;
          to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the
          like.
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                This man was taken of the Jews.   --Acts xxiii.
                                                  27.
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                Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take;
                Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
                                                  --Pope.
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                They that come abroad after these showers are
                commonly taken with sickness.     --Bacon.
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                There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle
                And makes milch kine yield blood. --Shak.
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      (b) To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to
          captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
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                Neither let her take thee with her eyelids.
                                                  --Prov. vi.
                                                  25.
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                Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect,
                that he had no patience.          --Wake.
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                I know not why, but there was a something in
                those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very
                shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, --
                which took me more than all the outshining
                loveliness of her companions.     --Moore.
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      (c) To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to
          have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
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                Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my
                son. And Jonathan was taken.      --1 Sam. xiv.
                                                  42.
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                The violence of storming is the course which God
                is forced to take for the destroying . . . of
                sinners.                          --Hammond.
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      (d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to
          require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat; it
          takes five hours to get to Boston from New York by
          car.
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                This man always takes time . . . before he
                passes his judgments.             --I. Watts.
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      (e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to
          picture; as, to take a picture of a person.
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                Beauty alone could beauty take so right.
                                                  --Dryden.
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      (f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.]
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                The firm belief of a future judgment is the most
                forcible motive to a good life, because taken
                from this consideration of the most lasting
                happiness and misery.             --Tillotson.
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      (g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit
          to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to;
          to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest,
          revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a
          resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a
          following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as,
          to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
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      (h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church.
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      (i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand
          over; as, he took the book to the bindery; he took a
          dictionary with him.
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                He took me certain gold, I wot it well.
                                                  --Chaucer.
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      (k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as,
          to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
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   2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to
      endure; to acknowledge; to accept. Specifically: 
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      (a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to
          refuse or reject; to admit.
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                Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a
                murderer.                         --Num. xxxv.
                                                  31.
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                Let not a widow be taken into the number under
                threescore.                       --1 Tim. v.
                                                  10.
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      (b) To receive as something to be eaten or drunk; to
          partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine.
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      (c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to
          clear; as, to take a hedge or fence.
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      (d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to;
          to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will
          take an affront from no man.
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      (e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to
          dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought;
          to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret;
          to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as,
          to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's
          motive; to take men for spies.
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                You take me right.                --Bacon.
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                Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing
                else but the science love of God and our
                neighbor.                         --Wake.
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                [He] took that for virtue and affection which
                was nothing but vice in a disguise. --South.
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                You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl.
                                                  --Tate.
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      (f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept;
          to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with;
          -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or
          shape.
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                I take thee at thy word.          --Rowe.
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                Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . .
                Not take the mold.                --Dryden.
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   3. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to
      take a group or a scene. [Colloq.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   4. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he
      took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [Obs.
      exc. Slang or Dial.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   To be taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air,
      etc. See under Aback, Advantage, etc.

   To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim.

   To take along, to carry, lead, or convey.

   To take arms, to commence war or hostilities.

   To take away, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation
      of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes
      of bishops. "By your own law, I take your life away."
      --Dryden.

   To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe
      or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self.

   To take care, to exercise care or vigilance; to be
      solicitous. "Doth God take care for oxen?" --1 Cor. ix. 9.

   To take care of, to have the charge or care of; to care
      for; to superintend or oversee.

   To take down.
      (a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher,
          place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower;
          to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down
          pride, or the proud. "I never attempted to be impudent
          yet, that I was not taken down." --Goldsmith.
      (b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion.
      (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a
          house or a scaffold.
      (d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's
          words at the time he utters them.

   To take effect, To take fire. See under Effect, and
      Fire.

   To take ground to the right or To take ground to the left
      (Mil.), to extend the line to the right or left; to move,
      as troops, to the right or left.

   To take heart, to gain confidence or courage; to be
      encouraged.

   To take heed, to be careful or cautious. "Take heed what
      doom against yourself you give." --Dryden.

   To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy
      ways.

   To take hold of, to seize; to fix on.

   To take horse, to mount and ride a horse.

   To take in.
      (a) To inclose; to fence.
      (b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend.
      (c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail
          or furl; as, to take in sail.
      (d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive.
          [Colloq.]
      (e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in
          water.
      (f) To win by conquest. [Obs.]
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                For now Troy's broad-wayed town
                He shall take in.                 --Chapman.
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      (g) To receive into the mind or understanding. "Some
          bright genius can take in a long train of
          propositions." --I. Watts.
      (h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or
          newspaper; to take. [Eng.]

   To take in hand. See under Hand.

   To take in vain, to employ or utter as in an oath. "Thou
      shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain."
      --Ex. xx. 7.

   To take issue. See under Issue.

   To take leave. See Leave, n., 2.

   To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to receive it
      regularly, as on paying the price of subscription.

   To take notice, to observe, or to observe with particular
      attention.

   To take notice of. See under Notice.

   To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial
      manner.

   To take on, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take
      on a character or responsibility.

   To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue
      the measures of one's own choice.

   To take order for. See under Order.

   To take order with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.]
      --Bacon.

   To take orders.
      (a) To receive directions or commands.
      (b) (Eccl.) To enter some grade of the ministry. See
          Order, n., 10.

   To take out.
      (a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct.
      (b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as,
          to take out a stain or spot from cloth.
      (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent.

   To take up.
      (a) To lift; to raise. --Hood.
      (b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large
          amount; to take up money at the bank.
      (c) To begin; as, to take up a lamentation. --Ezek. xix.
          1.
      (d) To gather together; to bind up; to fasten or to
          replace; as, to take up raveled stitches; specifically
          (Surg.), to fasten with a ligature.
      (e) To engross; to employ; to occupy or fill; as, to take
          up the time; to take up a great deal of room.
      (f) To take permanently. "Arnobius asserts that men of the
          finest parts . . . took up their rest in the Christian
          religion." --Addison.
      (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief;
          to take up vagabonds.
      (h) To admit; to believe; to receive. [Obs.]
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                The ancients took up experiments upon credit.
                                                  --Bacon.
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      (i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate.
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                One of his relations took him up roundly.
                                                  --L'Estrange.
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      (k) To begin where another left off; to keep up in
          continuous succession; to take up (a topic, an
          activity).
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                Soon as the evening shades prevail,
                The moon takes up the wondrous tale. --Addison.
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      (l) To assume; to adopt as one's own; to carry on or
          manage; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors;
          to take up current opinions. "They take up our old
          trade of conquering." --Dryden.
      (m) To comprise; to include. "The noble poem of Palemon
          and Arcite . . . takes up seven years." --Dryden.
      (n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of
          assisting; to espouse the cause of; to favor. --Ps.
          xxvii. 10.
      (o) To collect; to exact, as a tax; to levy; as, to take
          up a contribution. "Take up commodities upon our
          bills." --Shak.
      (p) To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank.
      (q) (Mach.) To remove, as by an adjustment of parts; as,
          to take up lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make
          tight, as by winding, or drawing; as, to take up slack
          thread in sewing.
      (r) To make up; to compose; to settle; as, to take up a
          quarrel. [Obs.] --Shak. -- (s) To accept from someone,
          as a wager or a challenge; as, J. took M. up on his
          challenge.

   To take up arms. Same as To take arms, above.

   To take upon one's self.
      (a) To assume; to undertake; as, he takes upon himself to
          assert that the fact is capable of proof.
      (b) To appropriate to one's self; to allow to be imputed
          to, or inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon
          one's self a punishment.

   To take up the gauntlet. See under Gauntlet.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Take \Take\, v. i.
   1. To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or
      intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was
      inoculated, but the virus did not take. --Shak.
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            When flame taketh and openeth, it giveth a noise.
                                                  --Bacon.
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            In impressions from mind to mind, the impression
            taketh, but is overcome . . . before it work any
            manifest effect.                      --Bacon.
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   2. To please; to gain reception; to succeed.
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            Each wit may praise it for his own dear sake,
            And hint he writ it, if the thing should take.
                                                  --Addison.
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   3. To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's
      self; to proceed; to go; -- usually with to; as, the fox,
      being hard pressed, took to the hedge.
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   4. To admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his
      face does not take well.
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   To take after.
      (a) To learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he takes
          after a good pattern.
      (b) To resemble; as, the son takes after his father.

   To take in with, to resort to. [Obs.] --Bacon.

   To take on, to be violently affected; to express grief or
      pain in a violent manner.

   To take to.
      (a) To apply one's self to; to be fond of; to become
          attached to; as, to take to evil practices. "If he
          does but take to you, . . . you will contract a great
          friendship with him." --Walpole.
      (b) To resort to; to betake one's self to. "Men of
          learning, who take to business, discharge it generally
          with greater honesty than men of the world."
          --Addison.

   To take up.
      (a) To stop. [Obs.] "Sinners at last take up and settle in
          a contempt of religion." --Tillotson.
      (b) To reform. [Obs.] --Locke.

   To take up with.
      (a) To be contended to receive; to receive without
          opposition; to put up with; as, to take up with plain
          fare. "In affairs which may have an extensive
          influence on our future happiness, we should not take
          up with probabilities." --I. Watts.
      (b) To lodge with; to dwell with. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.

   To take with, to please. --Bacon.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Take \Take\, n.
   1. That which is taken, such as the quantity of fish captured
      at one haul or catch, or the amouont of money collected
      during one event; as, the box-office take.
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   2. (Print.) The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one
      time.
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