From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Target \Tar"get\, n. [OF. targette, dim. of OF. & F. targe, of
   Teutonic origin; cf. AS. targe, OD. targie, G. zarge a frame,
   case, border, OHG. zarga, Icel. targa shield.]
   1. A kind of small shield or buckler, used as a defensive
      weapon in war.
      [1913 Webster]

      (a) A butt or mark to shoot at, as for practice, or to
          test the accuracy of a firearm, or the force of a
      (b) The pattern or arrangement of a series of hits made by
          a marksman on a butt or mark; as, he made a good
          [1913 Webster]

   3. (Surveying) The sliding crosspiece, or vane, on a leveling
      [1913 Webster]

   4. (Railroad) A conspicuous disk attached to a switch lever
      to show its position, or for use as a signal.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. A thin cut; a slice; specif., of lamb, a piece consisting
      of the neck and breast joints. [Eng.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   6. A tassel or pendent; also, a shred; tatter. [Obs. Scot.]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   7. A goal for an activity; as, the target of this year's
      fundraising drive is 2 million dollars.

   8. A metallic object toward which a beam of electrons is
      aimed in a tube designed to generate X-rays; when the
      electrons strike the target, the impact causes emission of

   9. Any object toward which a beam of photons, a laser beam,
      an electron beam, or a beam of atomic or subatomic
      particles is aimed.

   10. A person who is the subject of criticism or ridicule.
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