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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Target \Tar"get\, n. [OF. targette, dim. of OF. & F. targe, of Teutonic origin; cf. AS. targe, OD. targie, G. zarge a frame, case, border, OHG. zarga, Icel. targa shield.] 1. A kind of small shield or buckler, used as a defensive weapon in war. [1913 Webster] 2. (a) A butt or mark to shoot at, as for practice, or to test the accuracy of a firearm, or the force of a projectile. (b) The pattern or arrangement of a series of hits made by a marksman on a butt or mark; as, he made a good target. [1913 Webster] 3. (Surveying) The sliding crosspiece, or vane, on a leveling staff. [1913 Webster] 4. (Railroad) A conspicuous disk attached to a switch lever to show its position, or for use as a signal. [1913 Webster] 5. A thin cut; a slice; specif., of lamb, a piece consisting of the neck and breast joints. [Eng.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 6. A tassel or pendent; also, a shred; tatter. [Obs. Scot.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 7. A goal for an activity; as, the target of this year's fundraising drive is 2 million dollars. [PJC] 8. A metallic object toward which a beam of electrons is aimed in a tube designed to generate X-rays; when the electrons strike the target, the impact causes emission of X-rays. [PJC] 9. Any object toward which a beam of photons, a laser beam, an electron beam, or a beam of atomic or subatomic particles is aimed. [PJC] 10. A person who is the subject of criticism or ridicule. [PJC]