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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Tartaric \Tar*tar"ic\, a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from, or resembling, tartar. [1913 Webster] Tartaric acid. (a) An acid widely diffused throughout the vegetable kingdom, as in grapes, mountain-ash berries, etc., and obtained from tartar as a white crystalline substance, C2H2(OH)2.(CO2H)2, having a strong pure acid taste. It is used in medicine, in dyeing, calico printing, photography, etc., and also as a substitute for lemon juice. Called also dextro-tartaric acid. (b) By extension, any one of the series of isomeric acids (racemic acid, levotartaric acid, inactive tartaric acid) of which tartaric acid proper is the type. [1913 Webster]