thou


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Personal \Per"son*al\ (p[~e]r"s[u^]n*al), a. [L. personalis: cf.
   F. personnel.]
   1. Pertaining to human beings as distinct from things.
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            Every man so termed by way of personal difference.
                                                  --Hooker.
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   2. Of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or
      affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals;
      peculiar or proper to private concerns; not public or
      general; as, personal comfort; personal desire.
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            The words are conditional, -- If thou doest well, --
            and so personal to Cain.              --Locke.
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   3. Pertaining to the external or bodily appearance;
      corporeal; as, personal charms. --Addison.
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   4. Done in person; without the intervention of another.
      "Personal communication." --Fabyan.
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            The immediate and personal speaking of God. --White.
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   5. Relating to an individual, his character, conduct,
      motives, or private affairs, in an invidious and offensive
      manner; as, personal reflections or remarks.
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   6. (Gram.) Denoting person; as, a personal pronoun.
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   Personal action (Law), a suit or action by which a man
      claims a debt or personal duty, or damages in lieu of it;
      or wherein he claims satisfaction in damages for an injury
      to his person or property, or the specific recovery of
      goods or chattels; -- opposed to real action.

   Personal equation. (Astron.) See under Equation.

   Personal estate or Personal property (Law), movables;
      chattels; -- opposed to real estate or real property.
      It usually consists of things temporary and movable,
      including all subjects of property not of a freehold
      nature.

   Personal identity (Metaph.), the persistent and continuous
      unity of the individual person, which is attested by
      consciousness.

   Personal pronoun (Gram.), one of the pronouns I, thou,
      he, she, it, and their plurals.

   Personal representatives (Law), the executors or
      administrators of a person deceased.

   Personal rights, rights appertaining to the person; as, the
      rights of a personal security, personal liberty, and
      private property.

   Personal tithes. See under Tithe.

   Personal verb (Gram.), a verb which is modified or
      inflected to correspond with the three persons.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

thou \thou\ ([th]ou), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy
   ([th][imac]) or Thine ([th][imac]n); obj. Thee
   ([th][=e]). Pl.: nom. You (y[=oo]); poss. Your (y[=oo]r)
   or Yours (y[=oo]rz); obj. You.] [OE. thou, [thorn]u, AS.
   [eth][=u], [eth]u; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw.
   du, Icel. [thorn][=u], Goth. [thorn]u, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael.
   tu, W. ti, L. tu, Gr. sy`, Dor. ty`, Skr. tvam. [root]185.
   Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.]
   The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting
   the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in
   addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.
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         Art thou he that should come?            --Matt. xi. 3.
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   Note: "In Old English, generally, thou is the language of a
         lord to a servant, of an equal to an equal, and
         expresses also companionship, love, permission,
         defiance, scorn, threatening: whilst ye is the language
         of a servant to a lord, and of compliment, and further
         expresses honor, submission, or entreaty." --Skeat.
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   Note: Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers,
         in familiar discourse, though most of them corruptly
         say thee instead of thou.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Thou \Thou\, v. t.
   To address as thou, esp. to do so in order to treat with
   insolent familiarity or contempt.
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         If thou thouest him some thrice, it shall not be amiss.
                                                  --Shak.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Thou \Thou\, v. i.
   To use the words thou and thee in discourse after the manner
   of the Friends. [R.]
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