throw


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Throw \Throw\ (thr[=o]), n. [See Throe.]
   Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe. [Obs.] --Spenser.
   Dryden.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Throw \Throw\, n. [AS. [thorn]r[=a]h, [thorn]r[=a]g.]
   Time; while; space of time; moment; trice. [Obs.] --Shak.
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         I will with Thomas speak a little throw. --Chaucer.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Throw \Throw\, v. t. [imp. Threw (thr[udd]); p. p. Thrown
   (thr[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. Throwing.] [OE. [thorn]rowen,
   [thorn]rawen, to throw, to twist, AS. [thorn]r[=a]wan to
   twist, to whirl; akin to D. draaijen, G. drehen, OHG.
   dr[=a]jan, L. terebra an auger, gimlet, Gr. ? to bore, to
   turn, ? to pierce, ? a hole. Cf. Thread, Trite, Turn,
   v. t.]
   1. To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of
      the arm, to throw a ball; -- distinguished from to toss,
      or to bowl.
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   2. To fling or cast in any manner; to drive to a distance
      from the hand or from an engine; to propel; to send; as,
      to throw stones or dust with the hand; a cannon throws a
      ball; a fire engine throws a stream of water to extinguish
      flames.
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   3. To drive by violence; as, a vessel or sailors may be
      thrown upon a rock.
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   4. (Mil.) To cause to take a strategic position; as, he threw
      a detachment of his army across the river.
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   5. To overturn; to prostrate in wrestling; as, a man throws
      his antagonist.
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   6. To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.
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            Set less than thou throwest.          --Shak.
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   7. To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.
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            O'er his fair limbs a flowery vest he threw. --Pope.
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   8. To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.
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            There the snake throws her enameled skin. --Shak.
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   9. (Pottery) To form or shape roughly on a throwing engine,
      or potter's wheel, as earthen vessels.
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   10. To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.
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             I have thrown
             A brave defiance in King Henry's teeth. --Shak.
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   11. To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; -- said
       especially of rabbits.
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   12. To twist two or more filaments of, as silk, so as to form
       one thread; to twist together, as singles, in a direction
       contrary to the twist of the singles themselves; --
       sometimes applied to the whole class of operations by
       which silk is prepared for the weaver. --Tomlinson.
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   To throw away.
       (a) To lose by neglect or folly; to spend in vain; to
           bestow without a compensation; as, to throw away
           time; to throw away money.
       (b) To reject; as, to throw away a good book, or a good
           offer.

   To throw back.
       (a) To retort; to cast back, as a reply.
       (b) To reject; to refuse.
       (c) To reflect, as light.

   To throw by, to lay aside; to discard; to neglect as
      useless; as, to throw by a garment.

   To throw down, to subvert; to overthrow; to destroy; as, to
      throw down a fence or wall.

   To throw in.
       (a) To inject, as a fluid.
       (b) To put in; to deposit with others; to contribute; as,
           to throw in a few dollars to help make up a fund; to
           throw in an occasional comment.
       (c) To add without enumeration or valuation, as something
           extra to clinch a bargain.

   To throw off.
       (a) To expel; to free one's self from; as, to throw off a
           disease.
       (b) To reject; to discard; to abandon; as, to throw off
           all sense of shame; to throw off a dependent.
       (c) To make a start in a hunt or race. [Eng.]

   To throw on, to cast on; to load.

   To throw one's self down, to lie down neglectively or
      suddenly.

   To throw one's self on or To throw one's self upon.
       (a) To fall upon.
       (b) To resign one's self to the favor, clemency, or
           sustain power of (another); to repose upon.

   To throw out.
       (a) To cast out; to reject or discard; to expel. "The
           other two, whom they had thrown out, they were
           content should enjoy their exile." --Swift. "The bill
           was thrown out." --Swift.
       (b) To utter; to give utterance to; to speak; as, to
           throw out insinuation or observation. "She throws out
           thrilling shrieks." --Spenser.
       (c) To distance; to leave behind. --Addison.
       (d) To cause to project; as, to throw out a pier or an
           abutment.
       (e) To give forth; to emit; as, an electric lamp throws
           out a brilliant light.
       (f) To put out; to confuse; as, a sudden question often
           throws out an orator.

   To throw over, to abandon the cause of; to desert; to
      discard; as, to throw over a friend in difficulties.

   To throw up.
       (a) To resign; to give up; to demit; as, to throw up a
           commission. "Experienced gamesters throw up their
           cards when they know that the game is in the enemy's
           hand." --Addison.
       (b) To reject from the stomach; to vomit.
       (c) To construct hastily; as, to throw up a breastwork of
           earth.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Throw \Throw\, v. i.
   To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast;
   specifically, to cast dice.
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   To throw about, to cast about; to try expedients. [R.]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Throw \Throw\, n.
   1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling
      from the hand or an engine; a cast.
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            He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw,
            He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe. --Addison.
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   2. A stroke; a blow. [Obs.]
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            Nor shield defend the thunder of his throws.
                                                  --Spenser.
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   3. The distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, a
      stone's throw.
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   4. A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast;
      as, a good throw.
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   5. An effort; a violent sally. [Obs.]
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            Your youth admires
            The throws and swellings of a Roman soul. --Addison.
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   6. (Mach.) The extreme movement given to a sliding or
      vibrating reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, eccentric,
      or the like; travel; stroke; as, the throw of a slide
      valve. Also, frequently, the length of the radius of a
      crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, the throw
      of the crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke
      of the piston.
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   7. (Pottery) A potter's wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d
      Jigger, 2
      (a) .
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   8. A turner's lathe; a throwe. [Prov. Eng.]
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   9. (Mining) The amount of vertical displacement produced by a
      fault; -- according to the direction it is designated as
      an upthrow, or a downthrow.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Fault \Fault\, n. [OE. faut, faute, F. faute (cf. It., Sp., &
   Pg. falta), fr. a verb meaning to want, fail, freq., fr. L.
   fallere to deceive. See Fail, and cf. Default.]
   1. Defect; want; lack; default.
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            One, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call
            my friend.                            --Shak.
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   2. Anything that fails, that is wanting, or that impairs
      excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish.
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            As patches set upon a little breach
            Discredit more in hiding of the fault. --Shak.
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   3. A moral failing; a defect or dereliction from duty; a
      deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a
      crime.
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   4. (Geol. & Mining)
      (a) A dislocation of the strata of the vein.
      (b) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities
          in the seam; as, slate fault, dirt fault, etc.
          --Raymond.
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   5. (Hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.
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            Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled,
            With much ado, the cold fault cleary out. --Shak.
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   6. (Tennis) Failure to serve the ball into the proper court.
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   7. (Elec.) A defective point in an electric circuit due to a
      crossing of the parts of the conductor, or to contact with
      another conductor or the earth, or to a break in the
      circuit.
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   8. (Geol. & Mining) A dislocation caused by a slipping of
      rock masses along a plane of facture; also, the dislocated
      structure resulting from such slipping.

   Note: The surface along which the dislocated masses have
         moved is called the

   fault plane. When this plane is vertical, the fault is a

   vertical fault; when its inclination is such that the
      present relative position of the two masses could have
      been produced by the sliding down, along the fault plane,
      of the mass on its upper side, the fault is a

   normal fault, or gravity fault. When the fault plane is
      so inclined that the mass on its upper side has moved up
      relatively, the fault is then called a

   reverse fault (or reversed fault), thrust fault, or
   overthrust fault. If no vertical displacement has resulted,
      the fault is then called a

   horizontal fault. The linear extent of the dislocation
      measured on the fault plane and in the direction of
      movement is the

   displacement; the vertical displacement is the

   throw; the horizontal displacement is the

   heave. The direction of the line of intersection of the
      fault plane with a horizontal plane is the

   trend of the fault. A fault is a

   strike fault when its trend coincides approximately with
      the strike of associated strata (i.e., the line of
      intersection of the plane of the strata with a horizontal
      plane); it is a

   dip fault when its trend is at right angles to the strike;
      an

   oblique fault when its trend is oblique to the strike.
      Oblique faults and dip faults are sometimes called

   cross faults. A series of closely associated parallel
      faults are sometimes called

   step faults and sometimes

   distributive faults.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   At fault, unable to find the scent and continue chase;
      hence, in trouble or embarrassment, and unable to proceed;
      puzzled; thrown off the track.

   To find fault, to find reason for blaming or complaining;
      to express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by
      with before the thing complained of; but formerly by at.
      "Matter to find fault at." --Robynson (More's Utopia).

   Syn: -- Error; blemish; defect; imperfection; weakness;
        blunder; failing; vice.

   Usage: Fault, Failing, Defect, Foible. A fault is
          positive, something morally wrong; a failing is
          negative, some weakness or falling short in a man's
          character, disposition, or habits; a defect is also
          negative, and as applied to character is the absence
          of anything which is necessary to its completeness or
          perfection; a foible is a less important weakness,
          which we overlook or smile at. A man may have many
          failings, and yet commit but few faults; or his faults
          and failings may be few, while his foibles are obvious
          to all. The faults of a friend are often palliated or
          explained away into mere defects, and the defects or
          foibles of an enemy exaggerated into faults. "I have
          failings in common with every human being, besides my
          own peculiar faults; but of avarice I have generally
          held myself guiltless." --Fox. "Presumption and
          self-applause are the foibles of mankind."
          --Waterland.
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