to cut short


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Short \Short\, a. [Compar. Shorter; superl. Shortest.] [OE.
   short, schort, AS. scort, sceort; akin to OHG. scurz, Icel.
   skorta to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to E. shear, v.
   t. Cf. Shirt.]
   1. Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a
      short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.
      [1913 Webster]

            The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch
            himself on it.                        --Isa. xxviii.
                                                  20.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not
      protracted; as, short breath.
      [1913 Webster]

            The life so short, the craft so long to learn.
                                                  --Chaucer.
      [1913 Webster]

            To short absense I could yield.       --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as,
      a short supply of provisions, or of water.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily
      furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the
      ordinary, standard; -- usually with of; as, to be short of
      money.
      [1913 Webster]

            We shall be short in our provision.   --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a
      measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the
      trith.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. Not distant in time; near at hand.
      [1913 Webster]

            Marinell was sore offended
            That his departure thence should be so short.
                                                  --Spenser.
      [1913 Webster]

            He commanded those who were appointed to attend him
            to be ready by a short day.           --Clarendon.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive;
      narrow; not tenacious, as memory.
      [1913 Webster]

            Their own short understandings reach
            No farther than the present.          --Rowe.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or
      equivalent; less (than); -- with of.
      [1913 Webster]

            Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse
            them again to war.                    --Landor.
      [1913 Webster]

   9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short
      answer to the question.
      [1913 Webster]

   10. (Cookery) Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth;
       crisp; as, short pastry.
       [1913 Webster]

   11. (Metal) Brittle.
       [1913 Webster]

   Note: Metals that are brittle when hot are called ?ot-short;
         as, cast iron may be hot-short, owing to the presence
         of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cold are called
         cold-short; as, cast iron may be cold-short, on account
         of the presence of phosphorus.
         [1913 Webster]

   12. (Stock Exchange) Engaging or engaged to deliver what is
       not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock.
       See The shorts, under Short, n., and To sell short,
       under Short, adv.
       [1913 Webster]

   Note: In mercantile transactions, a note or bill is sometimes
         made payable at short sight, that is, in a little time
         after being presented to the payer.
         [1913 Webster]

   13. (Phon.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in
       utterance; -- opposed to long, and applied to vowels or
       to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same
       letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the
       same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of
       i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the
       short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide
       to Pronunciation, [sect][sect]22, 30.
       [1913 Webster]

   Note: Short is much used with participles to form numerous
         self-explaining compounds; as, short-armed,
         short-billed, short-fingered, short-haired,
         short-necked, short-sleeved, short-tailed,
         short-winged, short-wooled, etc.
         [1913 Webster]

   At short notice, in a brief time; promptly.

   Short rib (Anat.), one of the false ribs.

   Short suit (Whist), any suit having only three cards, or
      less than three. --R. A. Proctor.

   To come short, To cut short, To fall short, etc. See
      under Come, Cut, etc.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cut \Cut\ (k[u^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cut; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Cutting.] [OE. cutten, kitten, ketten; prob. of Celtic
   origin; cf. W. cwtau to shorten, curtail, dock, cwta
   bobtailed, cwt tail, skirt, Gael. cutaich to shorten,
   curtail, dock, cutach short, docked, cut a bobtail, piece,
   Ir. cut a short tail, cutach bobtailed. Cf. Coot.]
   1. To separate the parts of with, or as with, a sharp
      instrument; to make an incision in; to gash; to sever; to
      divide.
      [1913 Webster]

            You must cut this flesh from off his breast. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            Before the whistling winds the vessels fly,
            With rapid swiftness cut the liquid way. --Pope.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. To sever and cause to fall for the purpose of gathering;
      to hew; to mow or reap.
      [1913 Webster]

            Thy servants can skill to cut timer.  --2. Chron.
                                                  ii. 8
      [1913 Webster]

   3. To sever and remove by cutting; to cut off; to dock; as,
      to cut the hair; to cut the nails.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. To castrate or geld; as, to cut a horse.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. To form or shape by cutting; to make by incision, hewing,
      etc.; to carve; to hew out.
      [1913 Webster]

            Why should a man. whose blood is warm within,
            Sit like his grandsire cut in alabaster? --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            Loopholes cut through thickest shade. --Milton.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. To wound or hurt deeply the sensibilities of; to pierce;
      to lacerate; as, sarcasm cuts to the quick.
      [1913 Webster]

            The man was cut to the heart.         --Addison.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. To intersect; to cross; as, one line cuts another at right
      angles.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. To refuse to recognize; to ignore; as, to cut a person in
      the street; to cut one's acquaintance. [Colloq.]
      [1913 Webster]

   9. To absent one's self from; as, to cut an appointment, a
      recitation. etc. [Colloq.]
      [1913 Webster]

            An English tradesman is always solicitous to cut the
            shop whenever he can do so with impunity. --Thomas
                                                  Hamilton.
      [1913 Webster]

   10. (Cricket) To deflect (a bowled ball) to the off, with a
       chopping movement of the bat.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   11. (Billiards, etc.) To drive (an object ball) to either
       side by hitting it fine on the other side with the cue
       ball or another object ball.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   12. (Lawn Tennis, etc.) To strike (a ball) with the racket
       inclined or struck across the ball so as to put a certain
       spin on the ball.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   13. (Croquet) To drive (a ball) to one side by hitting with
       another ball.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   To cut a caper. See under Caper.

   To cut the cards, to divide a pack of cards into portions,
      in order to determine the deal or the trump, or to change
      the cards to be dealt.

   To cut both ways, to have effects both advantageous and
      disadvantageous.

   To cut corners, to deliberately do an incomplete or
      imperfect job in order to save time or money.

   To cut a dash or To cut a figure, to make a display of
      oneself; to give a conspicuous impression. [Colloq.]

   To cut down.
       (a) To sever and cause to fall; to fell; to prostrate.
           "Timber . . . cut down in the mountains of Cilicia."
           --Knolles.
       (b) To put down; to abash; to humble. [Obs] "So great is
           his natural eloquence, that he cuts down the finest
           orator." --Addison
       (c) To lessen; to retrench; to curtail; as, to cut down
           expenses.
       (d) (Naut.) To raze; as, to cut down a frigate into a
           sloop.

   To cut the knot or To cut the Gordian knot, to dispose of
      a difficulty summarily; to solve it by prompt, arbitrary
      action, rather than by skill or patience.

   To cut lots, to determine lots by cuttings cards; to draw
      lots.

   To cut off.
       (a) To sever; to separate.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]

                 I would to God, . . .
                 The king had cut off my brother's. --Shak.
       (b) To put an untimely death; to put an end to; to
           destroy. "Iren[ae]us was likewise cut off by
           martyrdom." --Addison.
       (c) To interrupt; as, to cut off communication; to cut
           off (the flow of) steam from (the boiler to) a steam
           engine.
       (d) To intercept; as,, to cut off an enemy's retreat.
       (e) To end; to finish; as, to cut off further debate.

   To cut out.
       (a) To remove by cutting or carving; as, to cut out a
           piece from a board.
       (b) To shape or form by cutting; as, to cut out a
           garment. " A large forest cut out into walks."
           --Addison.
       (c) To scheme; to contrive; to prepare; as, to cut out
           work for another day. "Every man had cut out a place
           for himself." --Addison.
       (d) To step in and take the place of; to supplant; as, to
           cut out a rival. [Colloq.]
       (e) To debar. "I am cut out from anything but common
           acknowledgments." --Pope.
       (f) To seize and carry off (a vessel) from a harbor, or
           from under the guns of an enemy.
       (g) to separate from the midst of a number; as, to cut
           out a steer from a herd; to cut out a car from a
           train.
       (h) to discontinue; as, to cut out smoking.

   To cut to pieces.
       (a) To cut into pieces; as, to cut cloth to pieces.
       (b) To slaughter; as, to cut an army to pieces.

   To cut a play (Drama), to shorten it by leaving out
      passages, to adapt it for the stage.

   To cut rates (Railroads, etc.), to reduce the charges for
      transportation below the rates established between
      competing lines.

   To cut short, to arrest or check abruptly; to bring to a
      sudden termination. "Achilles cut him short, and thus
      replied." --Dryden.

   To cut stick, to make off clandestinely or precipitately.
      [Slang]

   To cut teeth, to put forth teeth; to have the teeth pierce
      through the gum and appear.

   To have cut one's eyeteeth, to be sharp and knowing.
      [Colloq.]

   To cut one's wisdom teeth, to come to years of discretion.
      

   To cut under, to undersell; as, to cut under a competitor
      in trade; more commonly referred to as undercut.

   To cut up.
       (a) To cut to pieces; as, to cut up an animal, or bushes.
       (b) To damage or destroy; to injure; to wound; as, to cut
           up a book or its author by severe criticism. "This
           doctrine cuts up all government by the roots."
           --Locke.
       (c) To afflict; to discourage; to demoralize; as, the
           death of his friend cut him up terribly. [Colloq.]
           --Thackeray.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
Feedback Form