to fall off


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Off \Off\ ([o^]f; 115), adv. [OE. of, orig. the same word as R.
   of, prep., AS. of, adv. & prep. [root]194. See Of.]
   In a general sense, denoting from or away from; as:
   [1913 Webster]

   1. Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile
      off.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. Denoting the action of removing or separating; separation;
      as, to take off the hat or cloak; to cut off, to pare off,
      to clip off, to peel off, to tear off, to march off, to
      fly off, and the like.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. Denoting a leaving, abandonment, departure, abatement,
      interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off; the
      pain goes off; the game is off; all bets are off.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. Denoting a different direction; not on or towards: away;
      as, to look off.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. Denoting opposition or negation. [Obs.]
      [1913 Webster]

            The questions no way touch upon puritanism, either
            off or on.                            --Bp.
                                                  Sanderson.
      [1913 Webster]

   From off, off from; off. "A live coal . . . taken with the
      tongs from off the altar." --Is. vi. 6.

   Off and on.
      (a) Not constantly; not regularly; now and then;
          occasionally.
      (b) (Naut.) On different tacks, now toward, and now away
          from, the land.

   To be off.
      (a) To depart; to escape; as, he was off without a
          moment's warning.
      (b) To be abandoned, as an agreement or purpose; as, the
          bet was declared to be off. [Colloq.]

   To come off, To cut off, To fall off, To go off, etc.
      See under Come, Cut, Fall, Go, etc.

   To get off.
      (a) To utter; to discharge; as, to get off a joke.
      (b) To go away; to escape; as, to get off easily from a
          trial. [Colloq.]

   To take off To do a take-off on, To take off, to mimic,
      lampoon, or impersonate.

   To tell off
      (a) (Mil.), to divide and practice a regiment or company
          in the several formations, preparatory to marching to
          the general parade for field exercises. --Farrow.
      (b) to rebuke (a person) for an improper action; to scold;
          to reprimand.

   To be well off, to be in good condition.

   To be ill off, To be badly off, to be in poor condition.
      [1913 Webster]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Fall \Fall\ (f[add]l), v. i. [imp. Fell (f[e^]l); p. p.
   Fallen (f[add]l"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Falling.] [AS.
   feallan; akin to D. vallen, OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen,
   Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere
   to deceive, Gr. sfa`llein to cause to fall, Skr. sphal,
   sphul, to tremble. Cf. Fail, Fell, v. t., to cause to
   fall.]
   1. To Descend, either suddenly or gradually; particularly, to
      descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink; as, the
      apple falls; the tide falls; the mercury falls in the
      barometer.
      [1913 Webster]

            I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. --Luke
                                                  x. 18.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a recumbent
      posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, a child totters
      and falls; a tree falls; a worshiper falls on his knees.
      [1913 Webster]

            I fell at his feet to worship him.    --Rev. xix.
                                                  10.
      [1913 Webster]

   3. To find a final outlet; to discharge its waters; to empty;
      -- with into; as, the river Rhone falls into the
      Mediterranean.
      [1913 Webster]

   4. To become prostrate and dead; to die; especially, to die
      by violence, as in battle.
      [1913 Webster]

            A thousand shall fall at thy side.    --Ps. xci. 7.
      [1913 Webster]

            He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting,
            fell.                                 --Byron.
      [1913 Webster]

   5. To cease to be active or strong; to die away; to lose
      strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, the wind
      falls.
      [1913 Webster]

   6. To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; -- said of
      the young of certain animals. --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

   7. To decline in power, glory, wealth, or importance; to
      become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to decline
      in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, the
      price falls; stocks fell two points.
      [1913 Webster]

            I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now
            To be thy lord and master.            --Shak.
      [1913 Webster]

            The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and
            vanished.                             --Sir J.
                                                  Davies.
      [1913 Webster]

   8. To be overthrown or captured; to be destroyed.
      [1913 Webster]

            Heaven and earth will witness,
            If Rome must fall, that we are innocent. --Addison.
      [1913 Webster]

   9. To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded;
      to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the
      faith; to apostatize; to sin.
      [1913 Webster]

            Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest
            any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
                                                  --Heb. iv. 11.
      [1913 Webster]

   10. To become insnared or embarrassed; to be entrapped; to be
       worse off than before; as, to fall into error; to fall
       into difficulties.
       [1913 Webster]

   11. To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or
       appear dejected; -- said of the countenance.
       [1913 Webster]

             Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
                                                  --Gen. iv. 5.
       [1913 Webster]

             I have observed of late thy looks are fallen.
                                                  --Addison.
       [1913 Webster]

   12. To sink; to languish; to become feeble or faint; as, our
       spirits rise and fall with our fortunes.
       [1913 Webster]

   13. To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively, into a new
       state of body or mind; to become; as, to fall asleep; to
       fall into a passion; to fall in love; to fall into
       temptation.
       [1913 Webster]

   14. To happen; to to come to pass; to light; to befall; to
       issue; to terminate.
       [1913 Webster]

             The Romans fell on this model by chance. --Swift.
       [1913 Webster]

             Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the
             matter will fall.                    --Ruth. iii.
                                                  18.
       [1913 Webster]

             They do not make laws, they fall into customs. --H.
                                                  Spencer.
       [1913 Webster]

   15. To come; to occur; to arrive.
       [1913 Webster]

             The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council
             fell on the 21st of March, falls now [1694] about
             ten days sooner.                     --Holder.
       [1913 Webster]

   16. To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence; to rush or
       hurry; as, they fell to blows.
       [1913 Webster]

             They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart
             and soul.                            --Jowett
                                                  (Thucyd. ).
       [1913 Webster]

   17. To pass or be transferred by chance, lot, distribution,
       inheritance, or otherwise; as, the estate fell to his
       brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals.
       [1913 Webster]

   18. To belong or appertain.
       [1913 Webster]

             If to her share some female errors fall,
             Look on her face, and you'll forget them all.
                                                  --Pope.
       [1913 Webster]

   19. To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as, an unguarded
       expression fell from his lips; not a murmur fell from
       him.
       [1913 Webster]

   To fall abroad of (Naut.), to strike against; -- applied to
      one vessel coming into collision with another.

   To fall among, to come among accidentally or unexpectedly.
      

   To fall astern (Naut.), to move or be driven backward; to
      be left behind; as, a ship falls astern by the force of a
      current, or when outsailed by another.

   To fall away.
       (a) To lose flesh; to become lean or emaciated; to pine.
       (b) To renounce or desert allegiance; to revolt or rebel.
       (c) To renounce or desert the faith; to apostatize.
           "These . . . for a while believe, and in time of
           temptation fall away." --Luke viii. 13.
       (d) To perish; to vanish; to be lost. "How . . . can the
           soul . . . fall away into nothing?" --Addison.
       (e) To decline gradually; to fade; to languish, or become
           faint. "One color falls away by just degrees, and
           another rises insensibly." --Addison.

   To fall back.
       (a) To recede or retreat; to give way.
       (b) To fail of performing a promise or purpose; not to
           fulfill.

   To fall back upon or To fall back on.
       (a) (Mil.) To retreat for safety to (a stronger position
           in the rear, as to a fort or a supporting body of
           troops).
       (b) To have recourse to (a reserved fund, a more reliable
           alternative, or some other available expedient or
           support).

   To fall calm, to cease to blow; to become calm.

   To fall down.
       (a) To prostrate one's self in worship. "All kings shall
           fall down before him." --Ps. lxxii. 11.
       (b) To sink; to come to the ground. "Down fell the
           beauteous youth." --Dryden.
       (c) To bend or bow, as a suppliant.
       (d) (Naut.) To sail or drift toward the mouth of a river
           or other outlet.

   To fall flat, to produce no response or result; to fail of
      the intended effect; as, his speech fell flat.

   To fall foul of.
       (a) (Naut.) To have a collision with; to become entangled
           with
       (b) To attack; to make an assault upon.

   To fall from, to recede or depart from; not to adhere to;
      as, to fall from an agreement or engagement; to fall from
      allegiance or duty.

   To fall from grace (M. E. Ch.), to sin; to withdraw from
      the faith.

   To fall home (Ship Carp.), to curve inward; -- said of the
      timbers or upper parts of a ship's side which are much
      within a perpendicular.

   To fall in.
       (a) To sink inwards; as, the roof fell in.
       (b) (Mil.) To take one's proper or assigned place in
           line; as, to fall in on the right.
       (c) To come to an end; to terminate; to lapse; as, on the
           death of Mr. B., the annuuity, which he had so long
           received, fell in.
       (d) To become operative. "The reversion, to which he had
           been nominated twenty years before, fell in."
           --Macaulay.

   To fall into one's hands, to pass, often suddenly or
      unexpectedly, into one's ownership or control; as, to
      spike cannon when they are likely to fall into the hands
      of the enemy.

   To fall in with.
       (a) To meet with accidentally; as, to fall in with a
           friend.
       (b) (Naut.) To meet, as a ship; also, to discover or come
           near, as land.
       (c) To concur with; to agree with; as, the measure falls
           in with popular opinion.
       (d) To comply; to yield to. "You will find it difficult
           to persuade learned men to fall in with your
           projects." --Addison.

   To fall off.
       (a) To drop; as, fruits fall off when ripe.
       (b) To withdraw; to separate; to become detached; as,
           friends fall off in adversity. "Love cools,
           friendship falls off, brothers divide." --Shak.
       (c) To perish; to die away; as, words fall off by disuse.
       (d) To apostatize; to forsake; to withdraw from the
           faith, or from allegiance or duty.
           [1913 Webster]

                 Those captive tribes . . . fell off
                 From God to worship calves.      --Milton.
       (e) To forsake; to abandon; as, his customers fell off.
       (f) To depreciate; to change for the worse; to
           deteriorate; to become less valuable, abundant, or
           interesting; as, a falling off in the wheat crop; the
           magazine or the review falls off. "O Hamlet, what a
           falling off was there!" --Shak.
       (g) (Naut.) To deviate or trend to the leeward of the
           point to which the head of the ship was before
           directed; to fall to leeward.

   To fall on.
       (a) To meet with; to light upon; as, we have fallen on
           evil days.
       (b) To begin suddenly and eagerly. "Fall on, and try the
           appetite to eat." --Dryden.
       (c) To begin an attack; to assault; to assail. "Fall on,
           fall on, and hear him not." --Dryden.
       (d) To drop on; to descend on.

   To fall out.
       (a) To quarrel; to begin to contend.
           [1913 Webster]

                 A soul exasperated in ills falls out
                 With everything, its friend, itself. --Addison.
       (b) To happen; to befall; to chance. "There fell out a
           bloody quarrel betwixt the frogs and the mice."
           --L'Estrange.
       (c) (Mil.) To leave the ranks, as a soldier.

   To fall over.
       (a) To revolt; to desert from one side to another.
       (b) To fall beyond. --Shak.

   To fall short, to be deficient; as, the corn falls short;
      they all fall short in duty.

   To fall through, to come to nothing; to fail; as, the
      engageent has fallen through.

   To fall to, to begin. "Fall to, with eager joy, on homely
      food." --Dryden.

   To fall under.
       (a) To come under, or within the limits of; to be
           subjected to; as, they fell under the jurisdiction of
           the emperor.
       (b) To come under; to become the subject of; as, this
           point did not fall under the cognizance or
           deliberations of the court; these things do not fall
           under human sight or observation.
       (c) To come within; to be ranged or reckoned with; to be
           subordinate to in the way of classification; as,
           these substances fall under a different class or
           order.

   To fall upon.
       (a) To attack. [See To fall on.]
       (b) To attempt; to have recourse to. "I do not intend to
           fall upon nice disquisitions." --Holder.
       (c) To rush against.
           [1913 Webster]

   Note: Fall primarily denotes descending motion, either in a
         perpendicular or inclined direction, and, in most of
         its applications, implies, literally or figuratively,
         velocity, haste, suddenness, or violence. Its use is so
         various, and so mush diversified by modifying words,
         that it is not easy to enumerate its senses in all its
         applications.
         [1913 Webster]
Feedback Form