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to fall out
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Out \Out\ (out), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. [=u]t, and [=u]te, [=u]tan, fr. [=u]t; akin to D. uit, OS. [=u]t, G. aus, OHG. [=u]z, Icel. [=u]t, Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud. [root]198. Cf. About, But, prep., Carouse, Utter, a.] In its original and strict sense, out means from the interior of something; beyond the limits or boundary of somethings; in a position or relation which is exterior to something; -- opposed to in or into. The something may be expressed after of, from, etc. (see Out of, below); or, if not expressed, it is implied; as, he is out; or, he is out of the house, office, business, etc.; he came out; or, he came out from the ship, meeting, sect, party, etc. Out is used in a variety of applications, as: [1913 Webster] 1. Away; abroad; off; from home, or from a certain, or a usual, place; not in; not in a particular, or a usual, place; as, the proprietor is out, his team was taken out. Opposite of in. "My shoulder blade is out." --Shak. [1913 Webster] He hath been out (of the country) nine years. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Beyond the limits of concealment, confinement, privacy, constraint, etc., actual or figurative; hence, not in concealment, constraint, etc., in, or into, a state of freedom, openness, disclosure, publicity, etc.; a matter of public knowledge; as, the sun shines out; he laughed out, to be out at the elbows; the secret has leaked out, or is out; the disease broke out on his face; the book is out. [1913 Webster] Leaves are out and perfect in a month. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] She has not been out [in general society] very long. --H. James. [1913 Webster] 3. Beyond the limit of existence, continuance, or supply; to the end; completely; hence, in, or into, a condition of extinction, exhaustion, completion; as, the fuel, or the fire, has burned out; that style is on the way out. "Hear me out." --Dryden. [1913 Webster] Deceitful men shall not live out half their days. --Ps. iv. 23. [1913 Webster] When the butt is out, we will drink water. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. Beyond possession, control, or occupation; hence, in, or into, a state of want, loss, or deprivation; -- used of office, business, property, knowledge, etc.; as, the Democrats went out and the Whigs came in; he put his money out at interest. "Land that is out at rack rent." --Locke. "He was out fifty pounds." --Bp. Fell. [1913 Webster] I have forgot my part, and I am out. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 5. Beyond the bounds of what is true, reasonable, correct, proper, common, etc.; in error or mistake; in a wrong or incorrect position or opinion; in a state of disagreement, opposition, etc.; in an inharmonious relation. "Lancelot and I are out." --Shak. [1913 Webster] Wicked men are strangely out in the calculating of their own interest. --South. [1913 Webster] Very seldom out, in these his guesses. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 6. Not in the position to score in playing a game; not in the state or turn of the play for counting or gaining scores. [1913 Webster] 7. Out of fashion; unfashionable; no longer in current vogue; unpopular. [PJC] Note: Out is largely used in composition as a prefix, with the same significations that it has as a separate word; as outbound, outbreak, outbuilding, outcome, outdo, outdoor, outfield. See also the first Note under Over, adv. [1913 Webster] Day in, day out, from the beginning to the limit of each of several days; day by day; every day. Out at, Out in, Out on, etc., elliptical phrases, that to which out refers as a source, origin, etc., being omitted; as, out (of the house and) at the barn; out (of the house, road, fields, etc., and) in the woods. Three fishers went sailing out into the west, Out into the west, as the sun went down. --C. Kingsley. Note: In these lines after out may be understood, "of the harbor," "from the shore," "of sight," or some similar phrase. The complete construction is seen in the saying: "Out of the frying pan into the fire." Out from, a construction similar to out of (below). See Of and From. Out of, a phrase which may be considered either as composed of an adverb and a preposition, each having its appropriate office in the sentence, or as a compound preposition. Considered as a preposition, it denotes, with verbs of movement or action, from the interior of; beyond the limit: from; hence, origin, source, motive, departure, separation, loss, etc.; -- opposed to in or into; also with verbs of being, the state of being derived, removed, or separated from. Examples may be found in the phrases below, and also under Vocabulary words; as, out of breath; out of countenance. Out of cess, beyond measure, excessively. --Shak. Out of character, unbecoming; improper. Out of conceit with, not pleased with. See under Conceit. Out of date, not timely; unfashionable; antiquated. Out of door, Out of doors, beyond the doors; from the house; not inside a building; in, or into, the open air; hence, figuratively, shut out; dismissed. See under Door, also, Out-of-door, Outdoor, Outdoors, in the Vocabulary. "He 's quality, and the question's out of door," --Dryden. Out of favor, disliked; under displeasure. Out of frame, not in correct order or condition; irregular; disarranged. --Latimer. Out of hand, immediately; without delay or preparation; without hesitation or debate; as, to dismiss a suggestion out of hand. "Ananias . . . fell down and died out of hand." --Latimer. Out of harm's way, beyond the danger limit; in a safe place. Out of joint, not in proper connection or adjustment; unhinged; disordered. "The time is out of joint." --Shak. Out of mind, not in mind; forgotten; also, beyond the limit of memory; as, time out of mind. Out of one's head, beyond commanding one's mental powers; in a wandering state mentally; delirious. [Colloq.] Out of one's time, beyond one's period of minority or apprenticeship. Out of order, not in proper order; disarranged; in confusion. Out of place, not in the usual or proper place; hence, not proper or becoming. Out of pocket, in a condition of having expended or lost more money than one has received. Out of print, not in market, the edition printed being exhausted; -- said of books, pamphlets, etc. Out of the question, beyond the limits or range of consideration; impossible to be favorably considered. Out of reach, beyond one's reach; inaccessible. Out of season, not in a proper season or time; untimely; inopportune. Out of sorts, wanting certain things; unsatisfied; unwell; unhappy; cross. See under Sort, n. Out of temper, not in good temper; irritated; angry. Out of time, not in proper time; too soon, or too late. Out of time, not in harmony; discordant; hence, not in an agreeing temper; fretful. Out of twist, Out of winding, or Out of wind, not in warped condition; perfectly plain and smooth; -- said of surfaces. Out of use, not in use; unfashionable; obsolete. Out of the way. (a) On one side; hard to reach or find; secluded. (b) Improper; unusual; wrong. Out of the woods, not in a place, or state, of obscurity or doubt; free from difficulty or perils; safe. [Colloq.] Out to out, from one extreme limit to another, including the whole length, breadth, or thickness; -- applied to measurements. Out West, in or towards, the West; specifically, in some Western State or Territory. [U. S.] To come out, To cut out, To fall out, etc. See under Come, Cut, Fall, etc. To make out See to make out under make, v. t. and v. i.. To put out of the way, to kill; to destroy. Week in, week out. See Day in, day out (above). [1913 Webster] .
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Fall \Fall\ (f[add]l), v. i. [imp. Fell (f[e^]l); p. p. Fallen (f[add]l"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. Falling.] [AS. feallan; akin to D. vallen, OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen, Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere to deceive, Gr. sfa`llein to cause to fall, Skr. sphal, sphul, to tremble. Cf. Fail, Fell, v. t., to cause to fall.] 1. To Descend, either suddenly or gradually; particularly, to descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink; as, the apple falls; the tide falls; the mercury falls in the barometer. [1913 Webster] I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. --Luke x. 18. [1913 Webster] 2. To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a recumbent posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, a child totters and falls; a tree falls; a worshiper falls on his knees. [1913 Webster] I fell at his feet to worship him. --Rev. xix. 10. [1913 Webster] 3. To find a final outlet; to discharge its waters; to empty; -- with into; as, the river Rhone falls into the Mediterranean. [1913 Webster] 4. To become prostrate and dead; to die; especially, to die by violence, as in battle. [1913 Webster] A thousand shall fall at thy side. --Ps. xci. 7. [1913 Webster] He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell. --Byron. [1913 Webster] 5. To cease to be active or strong; to die away; to lose strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, the wind falls. [1913 Webster] 6. To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; -- said of the young of certain animals. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 7. To decline in power, glory, wealth, or importance; to become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to decline in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, the price falls; stocks fell two points. [1913 Webster] I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now To be thy lord and master. --Shak. [1913 Webster] The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and vanished. --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster] 8. To be overthrown or captured; to be destroyed. [1913 Webster] Heaven and earth will witness, If Rome must fall, that we are innocent. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 9. To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the faith; to apostatize; to sin. [1913 Webster] Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. --Heb. iv. 11. [1913 Webster] 10. To become insnared or embarrassed; to be entrapped; to be worse off than before; as, to fall into error; to fall into difficulties. [1913 Webster] 11. To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; -- said of the countenance. [1913 Webster] Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. --Gen. iv. 5. [1913 Webster] I have observed of late thy looks are fallen. --Addison. [1913 Webster] 12. To sink; to languish; to become feeble or faint; as, our spirits rise and fall with our fortunes. [1913 Webster] 13. To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively, into a new state of body or mind; to become; as, to fall asleep; to fall into a passion; to fall in love; to fall into temptation. [1913 Webster] 14. To happen; to to come to pass; to light; to befall; to issue; to terminate. [1913 Webster] The Romans fell on this model by chance. --Swift. [1913 Webster] Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall. --Ruth. iii. 18. [1913 Webster] They do not make laws, they fall into customs. --H. Spencer. [1913 Webster] 15. To come; to occur; to arrive. [1913 Webster] The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council fell on the 21st of March, falls now  about ten days sooner. --Holder. [1913 Webster] 16. To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence; to rush or hurry; as, they fell to blows. [1913 Webster] They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart and soul. --Jowett (Thucyd. ). [1913 Webster] 17. To pass or be transferred by chance, lot, distribution, inheritance, or otherwise; as, the estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals. [1913 Webster] 18. To belong or appertain. [1913 Webster] If to her share some female errors fall, Look on her face, and you'll forget them all. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 19. To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as, an unguarded expression fell from his lips; not a murmur fell from him. [1913 Webster] To fall abroad of (Naut.), to strike against; -- applied to one vessel coming into collision with another. To fall among, to come among accidentally or unexpectedly. To fall astern (Naut.), to move or be driven backward; to be left behind; as, a ship falls astern by the force of a current, or when outsailed by another. To fall away. (a) To lose flesh; to become lean or emaciated; to pine. (b) To renounce or desert allegiance; to revolt or rebel. (c) To renounce or desert the faith; to apostatize. "These . . . for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away." --Luke viii. 13. (d) To perish; to vanish; to be lost. "How . . . can the soul . . . fall away into nothing?" --Addison. (e) To decline gradually; to fade; to languish, or become faint. "One color falls away by just degrees, and another rises insensibly." --Addison. To fall back. (a) To recede or retreat; to give way. (b) To fail of performing a promise or purpose; not to fulfill. To fall back upon or To fall back on. (a) (Mil.) To retreat for safety to (a stronger position in the rear, as to a fort or a supporting body of troops). (b) To have recourse to (a reserved fund, a more reliable alternative, or some other available expedient or support). To fall calm, to cease to blow; to become calm. To fall down. (a) To prostrate one's self in worship. "All kings shall fall down before him." --Ps. lxxii. 11. (b) To sink; to come to the ground. "Down fell the beauteous youth." --Dryden. (c) To bend or bow, as a suppliant. (d) (Naut.) To sail or drift toward the mouth of a river or other outlet. To fall flat, to produce no response or result; to fail of the intended effect; as, his speech fell flat. To fall foul of. (a) (Naut.) To have a collision with; to become entangled with (b) To attack; to make an assault upon. To fall from, to recede or depart from; not to adhere to; as, to fall from an agreement or engagement; to fall from allegiance or duty. To fall from grace (M. E. Ch.), to sin; to withdraw from the faith. To fall home (Ship Carp.), to curve inward; -- said of the timbers or upper parts of a ship's side which are much within a perpendicular. To fall in. (a) To sink inwards; as, the roof fell in. (b) (Mil.) To take one's proper or assigned place in line; as, to fall in on the right. (c) To come to an end; to terminate; to lapse; as, on the death of Mr. B., the annuuity, which he had so long received, fell in. (d) To become operative. "The reversion, to which he had been nominated twenty years before, fell in." --Macaulay. To fall into one's hands, to pass, often suddenly or unexpectedly, into one's ownership or control; as, to spike cannon when they are likely to fall into the hands of the enemy. To fall in with. (a) To meet with accidentally; as, to fall in with a friend. (b) (Naut.) To meet, as a ship; also, to discover or come near, as land. (c) To concur with; to agree with; as, the measure falls in with popular opinion. (d) To comply; to yield to. "You will find it difficult to persuade learned men to fall in with your projects." --Addison. To fall off. (a) To drop; as, fruits fall off when ripe. (b) To withdraw; to separate; to become detached; as, friends fall off in adversity. "Love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide." --Shak. (c) To perish; to die away; as, words fall off by disuse. (d) To apostatize; to forsake; to withdraw from the faith, or from allegiance or duty. [1913 Webster] Those captive tribes . . . fell off From God to worship calves. --Milton. (e) To forsake; to abandon; as, his customers fell off. (f) To depreciate; to change for the worse; to deteriorate; to become less valuable, abundant, or interesting; as, a falling off in the wheat crop; the magazine or the review falls off. "O Hamlet, what a falling off was there!" --Shak. (g) (Naut.) To deviate or trend to the leeward of the point to which the head of the ship was before directed; to fall to leeward. To fall on. (a) To meet with; to light upon; as, we have fallen on evil days. (b) To begin suddenly and eagerly. "Fall on, and try the appetite to eat." --Dryden. (c) To begin an attack; to assault; to assail. "Fall on, fall on, and hear him not." --Dryden. (d) To drop on; to descend on. To fall out. (a) To quarrel; to begin to contend. [1913 Webster] A soul exasperated in ills falls out With everything, its friend, itself. --Addison. (b) To happen; to befall; to chance. "There fell out a bloody quarrel betwixt the frogs and the mice." --L'Estrange. (c) (Mil.) To leave the ranks, as a soldier. To fall over. (a) To revolt; to desert from one side to another. (b) To fall beyond. --Shak. To fall short, to be deficient; as, the corn falls short; they all fall short in duty. To fall through, to come to nothing; to fail; as, the engageent has fallen through. To fall to, to begin. "Fall to, with eager joy, on homely food." --Dryden. To fall under. (a) To come under, or within the limits of; to be subjected to; as, they fell under the jurisdiction of the emperor. (b) To come under; to become the subject of; as, this point did not fall under the cognizance or deliberations of the court; these things do not fall under human sight or observation. (c) To come within; to be ranged or reckoned with; to be subordinate to in the way of classification; as, these substances fall under a different class or order. To fall upon. (a) To attack. [See To fall on.] (b) To attempt; to have recourse to. "I do not intend to fall upon nice disquisitions." --Holder. (c) To rush against. [1913 Webster] Note: Fall primarily denotes descending motion, either in a perpendicular or inclined direction, and, in most of its applications, implies, literally or figuratively, velocity, haste, suddenness, or violence. Its use is so various, and so mush diversified by modifying words, that it is not easy to enumerate its senses in all its applications. [1913 Webster]