to set at naught


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Set \Set\ (s[e^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Set; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Setting.] [OE. setten, AS. setton; akin to OS. settian,
   OFries. setta, D. zetten, OHG. sezzen, G. setzen, Icel.
   setja, Sw. s[aum]tta, Dan. s?tte, Goth. satjan; causative
   from the root of E. sit. [root]154. See Sit, and cf.
   Seize.]
   1. To cause to sit; to make to assume a specified position or
      attitude; to give site or place to; to place; to put; to
      fix; as, to set a house on a stone foundation; to set a
      book on a shelf; to set a dish on a table; to set a chest
      or trunk on its bottom or on end.
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            I do set my bow in the cloud.         --Gen. ix. 13.
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   2. Hence, to attach or affix (something) to something else,
      or in or upon a certain place.
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            Set your affection on things above.   --Col. iii. 2.
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            The Lord set a mark upon Cain.        --Gen. iv. 15.
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   3. To make to assume specified place, condition, or
      occupation; to put in a certain condition or state
      (described by the accompanying words); to cause to be.
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            The Lord thy God will set thee on high. --Deut.
                                                  xxviii. 1.
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            I am come to set a man at variance against his
            father, and the daughter against her mother. --Matt.
                                                  x. 35.
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            Every incident sets him thinking.     --Coleridge.
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   4. To fix firmly; to make fast, permanent, or stable; to
      render motionless; to give an unchanging place, form, or
      condition to. Specifically: 
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      (a) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a
          spot; hence, to occasion difficulty to; to embarrass;
          as, to set a coach in the mud.
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                They show how hard they are set in this
                particular.                       --Addison.
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      (b) To fix beforehand; to determine; hence, to make
          unyielding or obstinate; to render stiff, unpliant, or
          rigid; as, to set one's countenance.
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                His eyes were set by reason of his age. --1
                                                  Kings xiv. 4.
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                On these three objects his heart was set.
                                                  --Macaulay.
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                Make my heart as a millstone, set my face as a
                flint.                            --Tennyson.
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      (c) To fix in the ground, as a post or a tree; to plant;
          as, to set pear trees in an orchard.
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      (d) To fix, as a precious stone, in a border of metal; to
          place in a setting; hence, to place in or amid
          something which serves as a setting; as, to set glass
          in a sash.
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                And him too rich a jewel to be set
                In vulgar metal for a vulgar use. --Dryden.
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      (e) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into
          curd; to curdle; as, to set milk for cheese.
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   5. To put into a desired position or condition; to adjust; to
      regulate; to adapt. Specifically:
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      (a) To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare;
          as, to set (that is, to hone) a razor; to set a saw.
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                Tables for to sette, and beddes make. --Chaucer.
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      (b) To extend and bring into position; to spread; as, to
          set the sails of a ship.
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      (c) To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the
          keynote; as, to set a psalm. --Fielding.
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      (d) To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; to
          replace; as, to set a broken bone.
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      (e) To make to agree with some standard; as, to set a
          watch or a clock.
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      (f) (Masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the
          blocks of cut stone in a structure.
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   6. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.
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            I have set my life upon a cast,
            And I will stand the hazard of the die. --Shak.
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   7. To fit with music; to adapt, as words to notes; to prepare
      for singing.
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            Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.
                                                  --Dryden.
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   8. To determine; to appoint; to assign; to fix; as, to set a
      time for a meeting; to set a price on a horse.
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   9. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to
      variegate with objects placed here and there.
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            High on their heads, with jewels richly set,
            Each lady wore a radiant coronet.     --Dryden.
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            Pastoral dales thin set with modern farms.
                                                  --Wordsworth.
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   10. To value; to rate; -- with at.
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             Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
             To have a son set your decrees at naught. --Shak.
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             I do not set my life at a pin's fee. --Shak.
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   11. To point out the seat or position of, as birds, or other
       game; -- said of hunting dogs.
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   12. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to
       assign; as, to set an example; to set lessons to be
       learned.
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   13. To suit; to become; as, it sets him ill. [Scot.]
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   14. (Print.) To compose; to arrange in words, lines, etc.;
       as, to set type; to set a page.
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   To set abroach. See Abroach. [Obs.] --Shak.

   To set against, to oppose; to set in comparison with, or to
      oppose to, as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one
      thing against another.

   To set agoing, to cause to move.

   To set apart, to separate to a particular use; to separate
      from the rest; to reserve.

   To set a saw, to bend each tooth a little, every alternate
      one being bent to one side, and the intermediate ones to
      the other side, so that the opening made by the saw may be
      a little wider than the thickness of the back, to prevent
      the saw from sticking.

   To set aside.
       (a) To leave out of account; to pass by; to omit; to
           neglect; to reject; to annul.
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                 Setting aside all other considerations, I will
                 endeavor to know the truth, and yield to that.
                                                  --Tillotson.
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       (b) To set apart; to reserve; as, to set aside part of
           one's income.
       (c) (Law) See under Aside.

   To set at defiance, to defy.

   To set at ease, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the
      heart at ease.

   To set at naught, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.
      "Ye have set at naught all my counsel." --Prov. i. 25.

   To set a trap To set a snare, or To set a gin, to put
      it in a proper condition or position to catch prey; hence,
      to lay a plan to deceive and draw another into one's
      power.

   To set at work, or To set to work.
       (a) To cause to enter on work or action, or to direct how
           tu enter on work.
       (b) To apply one's self; -- used reflexively.

   To set before.
       (a) To bring out to view before; to exhibit.
       (b) To propose for choice to; to offer to.

   To set by.
       (a) To set apart or on one side; to reject.
       (b) To attach the value of (anything) to. "I set not a
           straw by thy dreamings." --Chaucer.

   To set by the compass, to observe and note the bearing or
      situation of by the compass.

   To set case, to suppose; to assume. Cf. Put case, under
      Put, v. t. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

   To set down.
       (a) To enter in writing; to register.
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                 Some rules were to be set down for the
                 government of the army.          --Clarendon.
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       (b) To fix; to establish; to ordain.
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                 This law we may name eternal, being that order
                 which God . . . hath set down with himself, for
                 himself to do all things by.     --Hooker.
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       (c) To humiliate.

   To set eyes on, to see; to behold; to fasten the eyes on.
      

   To set fire to, or To set on fire, to communicate fire
      to; fig., to inflame; to enkindle the passions of; to
      irritate.

   To set flying (Naut.), to hook to halyards, sheets, etc.,
      instead of extending with rings or the like on a stay; --
      said of a sail.

   To set forth.
       (a) To manifest; to offer or present to view; to exhibt;
           to display.
       (b) To publish; to promulgate; to make appear. --Waller.
       (c) To send out; to prepare and send. [Obs.]
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                 The Venetian admiral had a fleet of sixty
                 galleys, set forth by the Venetians. --Knolles.
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   To set forward.
       (a) To cause to advance.
       (b) To promote.

   To set free, to release from confinement, imprisonment, or
      bondage; to liberate; to emancipate.

   To set in, to put in the way; to begin; to give a start to.
      [Obs.]
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            If you please to assist and set me in, I will
            recollect myself.                     --Collier.
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   To set in order, to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.
      "The rest will I set in order when I come." --1 Cor. xi.
      34.

   To set milk.
       (a) To expose it in open dishes in order that the cream
           may rise to the surface.
       (b) To cause it to become curdled as by the action of
           rennet. See 4
       (e) .

   To set much by or To set little by, to care much, or
      little, for.

   To set of, to value; to set by. [Obs.] "I set not an haw of
      his proverbs." --Chaucer.

   To set off.
       (a) To separate from a whole; to assign to a particular
           purpose; to portion off; as, to set off a portion of
           an estate.
       (b) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish.
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                 They . . . set off the worst faces with the
                 best airs.                       --Addison.
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       (c) To give a flattering description of.

   To set off against, to place against as an equivalent; as,
      to set off one man's services against another's.

   To set on or To set upon.
       (a) To incite; to instigate. "Thou, traitor, hast set on
           thy wife to this." --Shak.
       (b) To employ, as in a task. " Set on thy wife to
           observe." --Shak.
       (c) To fix upon; to attach strongly to; as, to set one's
           heart or affections on some object. See definition 2,
           above.

   To set one's cap for. See under Cap, n.

   To set one's self against, to place one's self in a state
      of enmity or opposition to.

   To set one's teeth, to press them together tightly.

   To set on foot, to set going; to put in motion; to start.
      

   To set out.
       (a) To assign; to allot; to mark off; to limit; as, to
           set out the share of each proprietor or heir of an
           estate; to set out the widow's thirds.
       (b) To publish, as a proclamation. [Obs.]
       (c) To adorn; to embellish.
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                 An ugly woman, in rich habit set out with
                 jewels, nothing can become.      --Dryden.
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       (d) To raise, equip, and send forth; to furnish. [R.]
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                 The Venetians pretend they could set out, in
                 case of great necessity, thirty men-of-war.
                                                  --Addison.
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       (e) To show; to display; to recommend; to set off.
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                 I could set out that best side of Luther.
                                                  --Atterbury.
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       (f) To show; to prove. [R.] "Those very reasons set out
           how heinous his sin was." --Atterbury.
       (g) (Law) To recite; to state at large.

   To set over.
       (a) To appoint or constitute as supervisor, inspector,
           ruler, or commander.
       (b) To assign; to transfer; to convey.

   To set right, to correct; to put in order.

   To set sail. (Naut.) See under Sail, n.

   To set store by, to consider valuable.

   To set the fashion, to determine what shall be the fashion;
      to establish the mode.

   To set the teeth on edge, to affect the teeth with a
      disagreeable sensation, as when acids are brought in
      contact with them.

   To set the watch (Naut.), to place the starboard or port
      watch on duty.

   To set to, to attach to; to affix to. "He . . . hath set to
      his seal that God is true." --John iii. 33.

   To set up. (a) To erect; to raise; to elevate; as, to set
      up a building, or a machine; to set up a post, a wall, a
      pillar.
       (b) Hence, to exalt; to put in power. "I will . . . set
           up the throne of David over Israel." --2 Sam. iii.
           10.
       (c) To begin, as a new institution; to institute; to
           establish; to found; as, to set up a manufactory; to
           set up a school.
       (d) To enable to commence a new business; as, to set up a
           son in trade.
       (e) To place in view; as, to set up a mark.
       (f) To raise; to utter loudly; as, to set up the voice.
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                 I'll set up such a note as she shall hear.
                                                  --Dryden.
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       (g) To advance; to propose as truth or for reception; as,
           to set up a new opinion or doctrine. --T. Burnet.
       (h) To raise from depression, or to a sufficient fortune;
           as, this good fortune quite set him up.
       (i) To intoxicate. [Slang]
       (j) (Print.) To put in type; as, to set up copy; to
           arrange in words, lines, etc., ready for printing;
           as, to set up type.

   To set up the rigging (Naut.), to make it taut by means of
      tackles. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
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   Syn: See Put.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Naught \Naught\ (n[add]t), n. [OE. naught, nought, naht, nawiht,
   AS. n[=a]wiht, n[=a]uht, n[=a]ht; ne not + [=a] ever + wiht
   thing, whit; hence, not ever a whit. See No, adv. Whit,
   and cf. Aught, Not.]
   1. Nothing. [Written also nought.]
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            Doth Job fear God for naught?         --Job i. 9.
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   2. The arithmetical character 0; a cipher. See Cipher.
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   To set at naught, to treat as of no account; to disregard;
      to despise; to defy; to treat with ignominy. "Ye have set
      at naught all my counsel." --Prov. i. 25.
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