top


From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Top \Top\, n. [CF. OD. dop, top, OHG., MNG., & dial. G. topf;
   perhaps akin to G. topf a pot.]
   1. A child's toy, commonly in the form of a conoid or pear,
      made to spin on its point, usually by drawing off a string
      wound round its surface or stem, the motion being
      sometimes continued by means of a whip.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. (Rope Making) A plug, or conical block of wood, with
      longitudital grooves on its surface, in which the strands
      of the rope slide in the process of twisting.
      [1913 Webster]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Top \Top\, n. [AS. top; akin to OFries. top a tuft, D. top top,
   OHG. zopf end, tip, tuft of hair, G. zopf tuft of hair,
   pigtail, top of a tree, Icel. toppr a tuft of hair, crest,
   top, Dan. top, Sw. topp pinnacle, top; of uncertain origin.
   Cf. Tuft.]
   1. The highest part of anything; the upper end, edge, or
      extremity; the upper side or surface; summit; apex;
      vertex; cover; lid; as, the top of a spire; the top of a
      house; the top of a mountain; the top of the ground.
      [1913 Webster]

            The star that bids the shepherd fold,
            Now the top of heaven doth hold.      --Milton.
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   2. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.
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            The top of my ambition is to contribute to that
            work.                                 --Pope.
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   3. The highest rank; the most honorable position; the utmost
      attainable place; as, to be at the top of one's class, or
      at the top of the school.
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            And wears upon his baby brow the round
            And top of sovereignty.               --Shak.
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   4. The chief person; the most prominent one.
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            Other . . . aspired to be the top of zealots.
                                                  --Milton.
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   5. The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head.
      "From top to toe" --Spenser.
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            All the stored vengeance of Heaven fall
            On her ungrateful top !               --Shak.
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   6. The head, or upper part, of a plant.
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            The buds . . . are called heads, or tops, as
            cabbageheads.                         --I. Watts.
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   7. (Naut.) A platform surrounding the head of the lower mast
      and projecting on all sudes. It serves to spead the
      topmast rigging, thus strengheningthe mast, and also
      furnishes a convenient standing place for the men aloft.
      --Totten.
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   8. (Wool Manuf.) A bundle or ball of slivers of comkbed wool,
      from which the noils, or dust, have been taken out.
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   9. Eve; verge; point. [R.] "He was upon the top of his
      marriage with Magdaleine." --Knolles.
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   10. The part of a cut gem between the girdle, or
       circumference, and the table, or flat upper surface.
       --Knight.
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   11. pl. Top-boots. [Slang] --Dickens.
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   12. (Golf)
       (a) A stroke on the top of the ball.
       (b) A forward spin given to the ball by hitting it on or
           near the top.
           [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   Note: Top is often used adjectively or as the first part of
         compound words, usually self-explaining; as, top stone,
         or topstone; top-boots, or top boots; top soil, or
         top-soil.
         [1913 Webster]

   Top and but (Shipbuilding), a phrase used to denote a
      method of working long tapering planks by bringing the but
      of one plank to the top of the other to make up a constant
      breadth in two layers.

   Top minnow (Zool.), a small viviparous fresh-water fish
      (Gambusia patruelis) abundant in the Southern United
      States. Also applied to other similar species.

   From top to toe, from head to foot; altogether.
      [1913 Webster]
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Top \Top\, v. t.
   1. To cover on the top; to tip; to cap; -- chiefly used in
      the past participle.
      [1913 Webster]

            Like moving mountains topped with snow. --Waller.
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            A mount
            Of alabaster, topped with golden spires. --Milton.
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   2. To rise above; to excel; to outgo; to surpass.
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            Topping all others in boasting.       --Shak.
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            Edmund the base shall top the legitimate. --Shak.
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   3. To rise to the top of; to go over the top of.
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            But wind about till thou hast topped the hill.
                                                  --Denham.
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   4. To take off the or upper part of; to crop.
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            Top your rose trees a little with your knife.
                                                  --Evelyn.
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   5. To perform eminently, or better than before.
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            From endeavoring universally to top their parts,
            they will go universally beyond them. --Jeffrey.
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   6. (Naut.) To raise one end of, as a yard, so that that end
      becomes higher than the other.
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   7. (Dyeing) To cover with another dye; as, to top aniline
      black with methyl violet to prevent greening and crocking.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   8. To put a stiffening piece or back on (a saw blade).
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   9. To arrange, as fruit, with the best on top. [Cant]
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   10. To strike the top of, as a wall, with the hind feet, in
       jumping, so as to gain new impetus; -- said of a horse.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   11. To improve (domestic animals, esp. sheep) by crossing
       certain individuals or breeds with other superior.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   12. (Naut.) To raise one end of, as a yard, so that that end
       becomes higher than the other.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   13. To cut, break, or otherwise take off the top of (a steel
       ingot) to remove unsound metal.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   14. (Golf) To strike (the ball) above the center; also, to
       make (as a stroke) by hitting the ball in this way.
       [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   To top off,
       (a) to complete by putting on, or finishing, the top or
           uppermost part of; as, to top off a stack of hay;
           hence, to complete; to finish; to adorn.
       (b) to completely fill (an almost full tank) by adding
           more of the liquid it already contains.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Top \Top\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Topped; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Topping.]
   1. To rise aloft; to be eminent; to tower; as, lofty ridges
      and topping mountains. --Derham.
      [1913 Webster]

   2. To predominate; as, topping passions. "Influenced by
      topping uneasiness." --Locke.
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   3. To excel; to rise above others.
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            But write thy, and top.               --Dryden.
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   4. (Golf) To strike a ball above the center.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

   5. (Naut.) To rise at one end, as a yard; -- usually with up.
      [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
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